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【转载】开源且免费软件包分类列表

摩云飞
 摩云飞
发布于 2012/11/02 12:50
字数 2485
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转载自:http://my.oschina.net/u/617889/blog/86688


This is a list of free and open source software packagescomputer software licensed under free software licenses andopen source licenses. Software that fits the Free Software Definition may be more appropriately called free software; theGNU project in particular objects to their works being referred to as open source.[1] For more information about the philosophical background for open source software, see free software movement and Open Source Initiative. However, nearly all software meeting the Free Software Definition also meets the Open Source Definition and vice versa. A small fraction of the software that meets either definition is listed here.

Contents

   [hide

Applied fields

Artificial intelligence

  • General
    • OpenCog A project that aims to build an artificial general intelligence (AGI) framework. OpenCog Prime is a specific set of interacting components designed to give rise to human-equivalent artificial general intelligence.
  • Computer Vision
    • AForge.NET Computer Vision, Artificial Intelligence and Robotics library for the .NET Framework
    • OpenCV Computer Vision Library in C++
  • Machine Learning
  • Planning
    • TREX Reactive planning
  • Robotics
    • ROS Robot Operating System

CAD

Electronic design automation (EDA)

Computer simulation

  • Blender; 3D modeling software written in Python and C++ that can make animations and games
  • SimPy; queue-theoretic event-based simulator written in Python

Finance

Integrated Library System

Mathematics

Reference management software

Science

Bioinformatics

Cheminformatics

Geographic Information Systems

Grid Computing

  • P-GRADE Portal — Grid portal software enabling the creation, execution and monitoring of workflows through high-level Web interfaces

Microscope image processing

Molecular dynamics

Molecule viewer

Nanotechnology

Plotting

Statistics

Assistive technology

Speech (synthesis and recognition)

Other assistive technology

Data storage and management

Backup software

Database management systems (including administration)

Data mining

Data Visualization Components

  • ParaView plotting and visualization functions developed by Sandia National Laboratory, capable of massively parallel flow visualization utilizing multiple computer processors
  • VTK is a toolkit for 3D computer graphics, image processing and visualization.

Disk partitioning software

Enterprise search engines

ETLs (Extract Transform Load)

File archivers

File Systems

Networking and Internet

Advertising

Communication-related

E-mail

File transfer

Instant messaging

IRC Clients

Middleware

RSS/Atom readers/aggregators

Peer-to-peer file sharing

Portal Server

Remote access and management

Routing software

Web browsers

Webcam

Webgrabber

Web-related

  • Apache Cocoon — a web application framework
  • Apache — the most popular web server
  • AWStats — a log file parser and analyzer
  • BookmarkSync — a tool for browsers
  • Cherokee — Speedy, feature rich HTTP Server
  • CougarXML — a Javascript framework for parsing and manipulating XML code, based on W3C DOM Level-3 specifications.
  • curl-loader - a powerful HTTP/HTTPS/FTP/FTPS loading and testing open-source tool
  • Hiawatha — Secure, high performance and easy-to-configure HTTP Server
  • HTTP File Server — a user friendly file server software with a drag and drop interface
  • ICDL Crawling — a distributed web crawler based on Website Parse Template
  • lighttpd — Resource sparing but also fast and full featured HTTP Server
  • nginx — lightweight, high performance web server/reverse proxy and e-mail (IMAP/POP3) proxy
  • NetKernel — an internet application server
  • Piwik - a web analytics system
  • Qcodo — a PHP5 framework
  • Squid (software) — web proxy cache
  • SEO Panel - First Open Source Control Panel for Search Engine Optimization
  • Web-Developer Server Suite — a package of web applications including Apache, MySQL, and PHP
  • XAMPP — a package of web applications including Apache and MySQL
  • Zope — a web application server

Other networking programs

Educational

Educational suites

  • ATutor - a web-based Learning Content Management System (LCMS)
  • Chamilo - a web-based e-learning and content management system
  • DoceboLMS
  • eFront - an icon-based learning management system
  • GCompris
  • Gnaural — Brainwave entrainment software
  • IUP Portfolio
  • ILIAS - a web-based learning management system (LMS)
  • Moodle
  • Omeka
  • openSIS - a web-based Student Information and School Management System system
  • Sakai Project - a web-based learning management system
  • Tux Paint - a paint application for 3–12 year olds.

Geography

Learning support

Language

Typing

Other educational programs

File managers

Games

Application layer

Genealogy

Graphical user interface

Desktop environments

Window managers

Windowing system

Groupware

Content management systems

Wiki software

Healthcare software

Media

2D animation

3D animation

Audio editors / audio management

CD-writing software

Flash animation

Graphics

Image galleries

Image viewers

Multimedia codecs / containers / splitters

Radio

Television

Video editing

Video players

Other media packages

Operating systems

Be advised that available distributions of these systems can contain, or offer to build and install, added software that is neither free software nor open source.

Emulation and Virtualisation

Password management

Personal information managers

Programming language support

Bug trackers

Code generators

Configuration software

Debuggers (for testing and trouble-shooting)

Integrated development environments

Version control systems

Screensavers

Security

Anti-virus

Data loss prevention

Data recovery

Forensics

Disk erasing

Encryption

Disk encryption

Firewall

Network and security monitoring

Secure Shell (ssh)

Other security programs

Theology

Bible study tools


本文转载自:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_open-source_software_packages

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