springboot项目执行controller方法时进入慢的问题

原创
2018/01/28 15:56
阅读数 7.8K

今天在部署springboot项目到阿里云时,出现登录方法执行特别慢的问题。刚开始以为是卡死了,等了3,4分钟才进去,最后会出现如下信息:

2018-01-28 15:38:36.958  INFO 4374 --- [p-nio-80-exec-1] o.a.c.util.SessionIdGeneratorBase        : Creation of SecureRandom instance for session ID generation using [SHA1PRNG] took [329,771] milliseconds.
2018-01-28 15:38:36.976  INFO 4374 --- [p-nio-80-exec-9] o.a.c.util.SessionIdGeneratorBase        : Creation of SecureRandom instance for session ID generation using [SHA1PRNG] took [45,744] milliseconds.

从提示信息看,是sessionID相关的生成器的提示。在搜索SessionIdGeneratorBase之后,发现是tomcat的session生成策略。完整代码如下:

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.catalina.util;

import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.NoSuchProviderException;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.util.Queue;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentLinkedQueue;

import org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException;
import org.apache.catalina.LifecycleState;
import org.apache.catalina.SessionIdGenerator;
import org.apache.juli.logging.Log;
import org.apache.juli.logging.LogFactory;
import org.apache.tomcat.util.res.StringManager;

public abstract class SessionIdGeneratorBase extends LifecycleBase
        implements SessionIdGenerator {

    private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(SessionIdGeneratorBase.class);


    private static final StringManager sm =
        StringManager.getManager("org.apache.catalina.util");


    /**
     * Queue of random number generator objects to be used when creating session
     * identifiers. If the queue is empty when a random number generator is
     * required, a new random number generator object is created. This is
     * designed this way since random number generators use a sync to make them
     * thread-safe and the sync makes using a a single object slow(er).
     */
    private final Queue<SecureRandom> randoms = new ConcurrentLinkedQueue<>();

    private String secureRandomClass = null;

    private String secureRandomAlgorithm = "SHA1PRNG";

    private String secureRandomProvider = null;


    /** Node identifier when in a cluster. Defaults to the empty string. */
    private String jvmRoute = "";


    /** Number of bytes in a session ID. Defaults to 16. */
    private int sessionIdLength = 16;


    /**
     * Get the class name of the {@link SecureRandom} implementation used to
     * generate session IDs.
     *
     * @return The fully qualified class name. {@code null} indicates that the
     *         JRE provided {@link SecureRandom} implementation will be used
     */
    public String getSecureRandomClass() {
        return secureRandomClass;
    }


    /**
     * Specify a non-default {@link SecureRandom} implementation to use. The
     * implementation must be self-seeding and have a zero-argument constructor.
     * If not specified, an instance of {@link SecureRandom} will be generated.
     *
     * @param secureRandomClass The fully-qualified class name
     */
    public void setSecureRandomClass(String secureRandomClass) {
        this.secureRandomClass = secureRandomClass;
    }


    /**
     * Get the name of the algorithm used to create the {@link SecureRandom}
     * instances which generate new session IDs.
     *
     * @return The name of the algorithm. {@code null} or the empty string means
     *         that platform default will be used
     */
    public String getSecureRandomAlgorithm() {
        return secureRandomAlgorithm;
    }


    /**
     * Specify a non-default algorithm to use to create instances of
     * {@link SecureRandom} which are used to generate session IDs. If no
     * algorithm is specified, SHA1PRNG is used. To use the platform default
     * (which may be SHA1PRNG), specify {@code null} or the empty string. If an
     * invalid algorithm and/or provider is specified the {@link SecureRandom}
     * instances will be created using the defaults for this
     * {@link SessionIdGenerator} implementation. If that fails, the
     * {@link SecureRandom} instances will be created using platform defaults.
     *
     * @param secureRandomAlgorithm The name of the algorithm
     */
    public void setSecureRandomAlgorithm(String secureRandomAlgorithm) {
        this.secureRandomAlgorithm = secureRandomAlgorithm;
    }


    /**
     * Get the name of the provider used to create the {@link SecureRandom}
     * instances which generate new session IDs.
     *
     * @return The name of the provider. {@code null} or the empty string means
     *         that platform default will be used
     */
    public String getSecureRandomProvider() {
        return secureRandomProvider;
    }


    /**
     * Specify a non-default provider to use to create instances of
     * {@link SecureRandom} which are used to generate session IDs.  If no
     * provider is specified, the platform default is used. To use the platform
     * default specify {@code null} or the empty string. If an invalid algorithm
     * and/or provider is specified the {@link SecureRandom} instances will be
     * created using the defaults for this {@link SessionIdGenerator}
     * implementation. If that fails, the {@link SecureRandom} instances will be
     * created using platform defaults.
     *
     * @param secureRandomProvider  The name of the provider
     */
    public void setSecureRandomProvider(String secureRandomProvider) {
        this.secureRandomProvider = secureRandomProvider;
    }


    /**
     * Return the node identifier associated with this node which will be
     * included in the generated session ID.
     */
    @Override
    public String getJvmRoute() {
        return jvmRoute;
    }


    /**
     * Specify the node identifier associated with this node which will be
     * included in the generated session ID.
     *
     * @param jvmRoute  The node identifier
     */
    @Override
    public void setJvmRoute(String jvmRoute) {
        this.jvmRoute = jvmRoute;
    }


    /**
     * Return the number of bytes for a session ID
     */
    @Override
    public int getSessionIdLength() {
        return sessionIdLength;
    }


    /**
     * Specify the number of bytes for a session ID
     *
     * @param sessionIdLength   Number of bytes
     */
    @Override
    public void setSessionIdLength(int sessionIdLength) {
        this.sessionIdLength = sessionIdLength;
    }


    /**
     * Generate and return a new session identifier.
     */
    @Override
    public String generateSessionId() {
        return generateSessionId(jvmRoute);
    }


    protected void getRandomBytes(byte bytes[]) {

        SecureRandom random = randoms.poll();
        if (random == null) {
            random = createSecureRandom();
        }
        random.nextBytes(bytes);
        randoms.add(random);
    }


    /**
     * Create a new random number generator instance we should use for
     * generating session identifiers.
     */
    private SecureRandom createSecureRandom() {

        SecureRandom result = null;

        long t1 = System.currentTimeMillis();
        if (secureRandomClass != null) {
            try {
                // Construct and seed a new random number generator
                Class<?> clazz = Class.forName(secureRandomClass);
                result = (SecureRandom) clazz.newInstance();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                log.error(sm.getString("sessionIdGeneratorBase.random",
                        secureRandomClass), e);
            }
        }

        if (result == null) {
            // No secureRandomClass or creation failed. Use SecureRandom.
            try {
                if (secureRandomProvider != null &&
                        secureRandomProvider.length() > 0) {
                    result = SecureRandom.getInstance(secureRandomAlgorithm,
                            secureRandomProvider);
                } else if (secureRandomAlgorithm != null &&
                        secureRandomAlgorithm.length() > 0) {
                    result = SecureRandom.getInstance(secureRandomAlgorithm);
                }
            } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
                log.error(sm.getString("sessionIdGeneratorBase.randomAlgorithm",
                        secureRandomAlgorithm), e);
            } catch (NoSuchProviderException e) {
                log.error(sm.getString("sessionIdGeneratorBase.randomProvider",
                        secureRandomProvider), e);
            }
        }

        if (result == null) {
            // Invalid provider / algorithm
            try {
                result = SecureRandom.getInstance("SHA1PRNG");
            } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
                log.error(sm.getString("sessionIdGeneratorBase.randomAlgorithm",
                        secureRandomAlgorithm), e);
            }
        }

        if (result == null) {
            // Nothing works - use platform default
            result = new SecureRandom();
        }

        // Force seeding to take place
        result.nextInt();

        long t2=System.currentTimeMillis();
        if( (t2-t1) > 100 )
            log.info(sm.getString("sessionIdGeneratorBase.createRandom",
                    result.getAlgorithm(), Long.valueOf(t2-t1)));
        return result;
    }


    @Override
    protected void initInternal() throws LifecycleException {
        // NO-OP
    }


    @Override
    protected void startInternal() throws LifecycleException {
        // Ensure SecureRandom has been initialised
        generateSessionId();

        setState(LifecycleState.STARTING);
    }


    @Override
    protected void stopInternal() throws LifecycleException {
        setState(LifecycleState.STOPPING);
        randoms.clear();
    }


    @Override
    protected void destroyInternal() throws LifecycleException {
        // NO-OP
    }
}

其实tomcat官方也给出过类似问题的说明:

Tomcat 7+ heavily relies on SecureRandom class to provide random values for its session ids and in other places. Depending on your JRE it can cause delays during startup if entropy source that is used to initialize SecureRandom is short of entropy. You will see warning in the logs when this happens, e.g.:
<DATE> org.apache.catalina.util.SessionIdGenerator createSecureRandom
INFO: Creation of SecureRandom instance for session ID generation using [SHA1PRNG] took [5172] milliseconds.

网上搜索之后,发现有类似的问题出现过,具体的解决办法如下: 找到安装的jre目录,如jre/lib/security,然后修改java.security文件的如下:

securerandom.source=file:/dev./urandom

要注意./不是/。另外,对于该属性,也有如下描述:

#
# Sun Provider SecureRandom seed source.
#
# Select the primary source of seed data for the "SHA1PRNG" and
# "NativePRNG" SecureRandom implementations in the "Sun" provider.
# (Other SecureRandom implementations might also use this property.)
#
# On Unix-like systems (for example, Solaris/Linux/MacOS), the
# "NativePRNG" and "SHA1PRNG" implementations obtains seed data from
# special device files such as file:/dev/random.
#
# On Windows systems, specifying the URLs "file:/dev/random" or
# "file:/dev/urandom" will enable the native Microsoft CryptoAPI seeding
# mechanism for SHA1PRNG.
#
# By default, an attempt is made to use the entropy gathering device
# specified by the "securerandom.source" Security property.  If an
# exception occurs while accessing the specified URL:
#
#     SHA1PRNG:
#         the traditional system/thread activity algorithm will be used.
#
#     NativePRNG:
#         a default value of /dev/random will be used.  If neither
#         are available, the implementation will be disabled.
#         "file" is the only currently supported protocol type.
#
# The entropy gathering device can also be specified with the System
# property "java.security.egd". For example:
#
#   % java -Djava.security.egd=file:/dev/random MainClass
#
# Specifying this System property will override the
# "securerandom.source" Security property.
#
# In addition, if "file:/dev/random" or "file:/dev/urandom" is
# specified, the "NativePRNG" implementation will be more preferred than
# SHA1PRNG in the Sun provider.

然后,重新启动项目,发现秒进。 另外,网友也给出了在启动时指定参数的方式,如下:

-Djava.security.egd=file:/dev/./urandom

但我设置了没用,具体原因不明。

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