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Android系统Intent中的Uri使用

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 五大三粗
发布于 2015/10/19 14:02
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Intent应该算是Android中特有的东西。你可以在Intent中指定程序要执行的动作(比如:view,edit,dial),以及程序执行到该动作时所需要的资料。都指定好后,只要调用startActivity(),Android系统会自动寻找最符合你指定要求的应用程序,并执行该程序。

★intent大全:

1.从google搜索内容

 Intent intent = new Intent();

 intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);

 intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString")

 startActivity(intent);
2.浏览网页

Uri uri =Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);

startActivity(it);
3.显示地图

Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476");

Intent it = newIntent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);

startActivity(it);
4.路径规划

 Uri uri =Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?     f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en");

 Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI);

 startActivity(it);
5.拨打电话

 Uri uri =Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");

 Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL,uri);  

 startActivity(it);
6.调用发短信的程序

 Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   

 it.putExtra("sms_body", "TheSMS text");   

 it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");   

startActivity(it);
7.发送短信

Uri uri =Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");   

Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);   

it.putExtra("sms_body", "TheSMS text");   

startActivity(it);

String body="this is sms demo";

Intent mmsintent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null));

mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY,body);

mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE,true);

mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT,true);

startActivity(mmsintent);
8.发送彩信

Uri uri =Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");   

Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   

it.putExtra("sms_body","some text");   

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);   

it.setType("image/png");   

startActivity(it);

StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

sb.append("file://");

sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());

Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null));

// Below extra datas are all optional.

intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT,subject);

intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY,body);

intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI,sb.toString());

intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE,composeMode);

intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT,exitOnSent);

startActivity(intent);
9.发送Email

Uri uri =Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com");

Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);

startActivity(it);

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL,"me@abc.com");   

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Theemail body text");   

it.setType("text/plain");   

startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client"));

Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     

String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};     

String[]ccs={"you@abc.com"};     

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);     

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);     

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Theemail body text");     

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Theemail subject text");     

it.setType("message/rfc822");     

startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client"));   



Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Theemail subject text");    

it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM,"file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");   

sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");   

startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it,"Choose Email Client"));
10.播放多媒体

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);

Uri uri =Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3");

it.setDataAndType(uri,"audio/mp3");

startActivity(it);

Uri uri =Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,"1");   

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);   

startActivity(it);
11.uninstall apk

Uri uri =Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);   

Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);   

startActivity(it);
12.install apk

Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package","xxx", null);

returnIt = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);
打开照相机
  <1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null);

  this.sendBroadcast(i);

  <2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis();

   String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg";

   fileName = folder + name;

   ContentValues values = new ContentValues();

   values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName);

   values.put("_data", fileName);

   values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName);

   values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);

   values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName);

   values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);

   Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert(

            MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,values);



   Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);

   inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri);

   startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10);
14.从gallery选取图片

       Intent i = new Intent();

       i.setType("image/*");

       i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);

       startActivityForResult(i, 11);
打开录音机
   Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION);

   startActivity(mi);
16.显示应用详细列表

 Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");        

 Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);        

 startActivity(it);        

 //where app_id is the application ID, findthe ID         

 //by clicking on your application on Markethome         

 //page, and notice the ID from the addressbar     



 刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以

 Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://details?id=<packagename>");

 这个简单多了
17寻找应用

 Uri uri =Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");        

 Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);        

 startActivity(it);

 //where pkg_name is the full package pathfor an application      
18打开联系人列表

       <1>           

      Intent i = new Intent();

      i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);

      i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone");

      startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT);



       <2>

       Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people");

       Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri);

       startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT);
19 打开另一程序

       Intent i = new Intent();

       ComponentName cn = newComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2",

               "com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch");

       i.setComponent(cn);

       i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN");

       startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK);
20.调用系统编辑添加联系人(高版本SDK有效):

            Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);

           it.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");

            //it.setType(Contacts.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);

            it.putExtra("name","myName");

           it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,  "organization");

           it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL,"email");

            it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE,"homePhone");

            it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.SECONDARY_PHONE,

                           "mobilePhone");

            it.putExtra(  android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.TERTIARY_PHONE,

                           "workPhone");

           it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.JOB_TITLE,"title");

            startActivity(it);
21.调用系统编辑添加联系人(全有效):

       Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);

       intent.setType(People.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);

       intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.NAME, "My Name");

       intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE, "+1234567890");

       intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE,Contacts.PhonesColumns.TYPE_MOBILE);

       intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL, "com@com.com");

       intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL_TYPE,                    Contacts.ContactMethodsColumns.TYPE_WORK);

       startActivity(intent);
★intent action大全:

android.intent.action.ALL_APPS

android.intent.action.ANSWER

android.intent.action.ATTACH_DATA

android.intent.action.BUG_REPORT

android.intent.action.CALL

android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON

android.intent.action.CHOOSER

android.intent.action.CREATE_LIVE_FOLDER

android.intent.action.CREATE_SHORTCUT

android.intent.action.DELETE

android.intent.action.DIAL

android.intent.action.EDIT

android.intent.action.GET_CONTENT

android.intent.action.INSERT

android.intent.action.INSERT_OR_EDIT

android.intent.action.MAIN

android.intent.action.MEDIA_SEARCH

android.intent.action.PICK

android.intent.action.PICK_ACTIVITY

android.intent.action.RINGTONE_PICKER

android.intent.action.RUN

android.intent.action.SEARCH

android.intent.action.SEARCH_LONG_PRESS

android.intent.action.SEND

android.intent.action.SENDTO

android.intent.action.SET_WALLPAPER

android.intent.action.SYNC

android.intent.action.SYSTEM_TUTORIAL

android.intent.action.VIEW

android.intent.action.VOICE_COMMAND

android.intent.action.WEB_SEARCH

android.net.wifi.PICK_WIFI_NETWORK

android.settings.AIRPLANE_MODE_SETTINGS

android.settings.APN_SETTINGS

android.settings.APPLICATION_DEVELOPMENT_SETTINGS

android.settings.APPLICATION_SETTINGS

android.settings.BLUETOOTH_SETTINGS

android.settings.DATA_ROAMING_SETTINGS

android.settings.DATE_SETTINGS

android.settings.DISPLAY_SETTINGS

android.settings.INPUT_METHOD_SETTINGS

android.settings.INTERNAL_STORAGE_SETTINGS

android.settings.LOCALE_SETTINGS

android.settings.LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS

android.settings.MANAGE_APPLICATIONS_SETTINGS

android.settings.MEMORY_CARD_SETTINGS

android.settings.NETWORK_OPERATOR_SETTINGS

android.settings.QUICK_LAUNCH_SETTINGS

android.settings.SECURITY_SETTINGS

android.settings.SETTINGS

android.settings.SOUND_SETTINGS

android.settings.SYNC_SETTINGS

android.settings.USER_DICTIONARY_SETTINGS

android.settings.WIFI_IP_SETTINGS

android.settings.WIFI_SETTINGS

android.settings.WIRELESS_SETTINGS



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