mysql监控管理工具–innotop
mysql监控管理工具–innotop
五大三粗 发表于3年前
mysql监控管理工具–innotop
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INNOTOP是一个通过文本模式显示MySQL和InnoDB的监测工具。INNOTOP是用PERL语言写成的,这使它能更加灵活的使用在各种操作平台之上,它能详细的的监控出当前MYSQL和INNODB运行的状态,以DBA根据结果,可以合理的优化MYSQL,让MYSQL更稳定更高效的运行。
 
1.innotop安装
安装INNOTOP工具非常简单,其是由PERL写的,当然需要PERL环境和相关的工具包。在安装之前先要确定你的系统安装了Time::HiRes,Term::ReadKey,DBI,DBD::mysql这四个包

1 cpanm --mirror http://mirrors.sohu.com/CPAN/ --mirror-only DBI DBD::mysql Term::ReadKey Time::HiRes3

参考官网:http://innotop.googlecode.com/svn/html/installing.html

2 tar -zxf innotop-1.9.0.tar.gz
3 cd innotop-1.9.0
4 perl Makefile.PL
5 make install
6 #这样就安装完innotop,系统多出一个命令innotop

 
2.使用方法
参考官网:http://innotop.googlecode.com/svn/html/manual.html
使用方法:
innotop -uroot -p123456

[RO] Dashboard (? for help)                            127.0.0.1, 3h, 0.06 QPS, 2/1/0 con/run/cac thds, 5.5.30-log
Uptime  MaxSQL  ReplLag  Cxns  Lock  QPS   QPS  Run  Run  Tbls  Repl  SQL
    3h                      2     0  0.06                   13  Off    
输入“?”得到帮助
Switch to a different mode:
   A  Dashboard         I  InnoDB I/O Info     Q  Query List
   B  InnoDB Buffers    K  InnoDB Lock Waits   R  InnoDB Row Ops
   C  Command Summary   L  Locks               S  Variables & Status
   D  InnoDB Deadlocks  M  Replication Status  T  InnoDB Txns
   F  InnoDB FK Err     O  Open Tables         U  User Statistics
Actions:
   d  Change refresh interval        p  Pause innotop
   k  Kill a query's connection      q  Quit innotop
   n  Switch to the next connection  x  Kill a query
Other:
 TAB  Switch to the next server group   /  Quickly filter what you see
   !  Show license and warranty         =  Toggle aggregation
   #  Select/create server groups       @  Select/create server connections
   $  Edit configuration settings       \  Clear quick-filters
Press any key to continue

 
3.MySQL如何获取当前执行的SQL
innotop的Q模式则可以完美的解决获取当前运行的SQL的问题。innotop -m Q 或者innotop进入后再按shift+q进入Query list模式:

Query List (? for help) mysql01, 75+03:16:16, 774.20 QPS, 83 thd, 5.1.24-rc-log

CXN    When   Load  QPS     Slow  QCacheHit  KCacheHit  BpsIn    BpsOut 
my120  Now    0.00  774.20     0     40.22%    100.00%  207.98k    1.46M
my120  Total  0.00  212.69     2     29.70%    100.00%   56.90k  402.15k

CXN     Cmd    ID      User    Host           DB      Time   Query                                                                  
mysql01   Query   20936  poster  192.168.1.1    poster  00:00  select a.poster_id, 
a.pic_id, a.gmt_create, a.gmt_modified, a.url, a.no

然后按e并输入thread ID显示执行计划或者按f显示完整sql语句,或者按o显示系统优化过的语句(需要MySQL的版本支持EXPLAIN EXTENDED)。个人感觉,还是e最有用,其他两个选项,则有点鸡肋了。

Query List (? for help)  mysql01, 75+03:16:16, 774.20 QPS, 83 thd, 5.1.24-rc-log
EXPLAIN PARTITIONS
select a.poster_id, a.pic_id, a.gmt_create, a.gmt_modified, a.url, a.notes, 
a.type, a.indexed, a.user_id, a.user_nick, b.pic_path from poster.poster_pic a 
inner join poster.picture b on (a.pic_id = b.id) where a.poster_id = 3390 
order by a.indexed
______________ Sub-Part 1 ______________  ________ Sub-Part 1 ________
Select Type: SIMPLE                       Select Type: SIMPLE         
      Table: a                                  Table: b              
 Partitions:                               Partitions:                
       Type: ref                                 Type: eq_ref         
 Poss. Keys: PRIMARY                       Poss. Keys: PRIMARY        
      Index: PRIMARY                            Index: PRIMARY        
 Key Length: 4                             Key Length: 8              
  Index Ref: const                          Index Ref: poster.a.PIC_ID
  Row Count: 14                             Row Count: 1              
    Special: Using where; Using filesort      Special:                

Press e to explain, f for full query, o for optimized query

 

Query List (? for help)  mysql01, 75+03:16:16, 774.20 QPS, 83 thd, 5.1.24-rc-log
select a.poster_id, a.pic_id, a.gmt_create, a.gmt_modified, a.url, a.notes, 
a.type, a.indexed, a.user_id, a.user_nick, b.pic_path from poster.poster_pic a 
inner join poster.picture b on (a.pic_id = b.id) where a.poster_id = 3390 
order by a.indexed

Press e to explain, f for full query, o for optimized query

 

Query List (? for help)  mysql01, 75+03:16:16, 774.20 QPS, 83 thd, 5.1.24-rc-log
select a.poster_id, a.pic_id, a.gmt_create, a.gmt_modified, a.url, a.notes,
 a.type, a.indexed, a.user_id, a.user_nick, b.pic_path from poster.poster_pic a
 inner join poster.picture b on (a.pic_id = b.id) where a.poster_id = 3390 
order by a.indexed

Note:
select `poster`.`a`.`POSTER_ID` AS `poster_id`,`poster`.`a`.`PIC_ID` AS 
`pic_id`,`poster`.`a`.`GMT_CREATE` AS `gmt_create`,`poster`.`a`.`GMT_MODIFIED` 
AS `gmt_modified`,`poster`.`a`.`URL` AS `url`,`poster`.`a`.`NOTES` AS 
`notes`,`poster`.`a`.`TYPE` AS `type`,`poster`.`a`.`INDEXED` AS 
`indexed`,`poster`.`a`.`USER_ID` AS `user_id`,`poster`.`a`.`user_nick` AS 
`user_nick`,`poster`.`b`.`PIC_PATH` AS `pic_path` 
from `poster`.`poster_pic` `a`  join `poster`.`picture` `b`
 where ((`poster`.`b`.`ID` = `poster`.`a`.`PIC_ID`) 
and (`poster`.`a`.`POSTER_ID` = 3390)) order by `poster`.`a`.`INDEXED`

Press e to explain, f for full query, o for optimized query

那么innotop是从哪里取的数据呢?应该是通过information_schema.processlist来获得完整的sql语句,并且根据COMMAND来过滤掉空闲线程的。

mysql> desc information_schema.processlist;
+---------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field   | Type        | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+---------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| ID      | bigint(4)   | NO   |     | 0       |       | 
| USER    | varchar(16) | NO   |     |         |       | 
| HOST    | varchar(64) | NO   |     |         |       | 
| DB      | varchar(64) | YES  |     | NULL    |       | 
| COMMAND | varchar(16) | NO   |     |         |       | 
| TIME    | bigint(7)   | NO   |     | 0       |       | 
| STATE   | varchar(64) | YES  |     | NULL    |       | 
| INFO    | longtext    | YES  |     | NULL    |       | 
+---------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)
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