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Oracle 12cR1 RAC 在VMware Workstation上安装(中)—图形界面安装

小麦苗
 小麦苗
发布于 2017/01/21 19:17
字数 5921
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Oracle 12cR1 RAC 在VMware Workstation上安装(中)—图形界面安装

image

image

1.1  图形界面安装

1.1.1  安装GRID

安装日志:/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2014-06-05_06-12-27AM.log

首先打开Xmanager - Passive软件,或者直接以grid用户登录虚拟机,在虚拟机里边进行图形界面操作。

wps99A7.tmp 

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ export DISPLAY=192.168.59.1:0.0

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ xhost +

access control disabled, clients can connect from any host

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ cd /soft/grid/

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$ ll

total 80

drwxr-xr-x  4 root root  4096 Jan 16 17:04 install

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root 34132 Jul 11  2014 readme.html

drwxrwxr-x  2 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 response

drwxr-xr-x  2 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 rpm

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root  5085 Dec 20  2013 runcluvfy.sh

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root  8534 Jul  7  2014 runInstaller

drwxrwxr-x  2 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 sshsetup

drwxr-xr-x 14 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 stage

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root   500 Feb  7  2013 welcome.html

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$ ./runInstaller

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

 

Checking Temp space: must be greater than 415 MB.   Actual 2790 MB    Passed

Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB.   Actual 2047 MB    Passed

Checking monitor: must be configured to display at least 256 colors.    Actual 16777216    Passed

Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2017-01-16_08-41-48PM. Please wait ...[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$

 

wps99A8.tmp 

 

1.1.1.1  开始安装Grid Infrastructure软件

wps99A9.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

wps99AA.tmp 

选择Configure a Standard cluster,并选择“下一步”:

1.1.1.2  选择安装类型

wps99AB.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

选择语言

wps99AC.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

1.1.1.3  为集群命名

wps99AD.tmp 

SCAN Name和/etc/hosts文件中设置一样,依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

 

 

1.1.1.4  定义节点

wps99AE.tmp 

上图显示出安装程序所在的节点,节点名和vip名必须小写,先点击Edit修改,其他节点需要手工添加。按Add按钮。Hostname、Virtual IP Name和文件hosts中设置一样,依照上图设置好,单击OK按钮。

1.1.1.5  配置SSH用户等价

wps99AF.tmp 

输入密码,按Setup按钮建立SSH无密码互连接。如果在安装准备阶段手工配置了SSH连接,直接点Test按钮测试即可。依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

1.1.1.6  定义网卡

wps99B0.tmp 

1.1.1.7  配置OCR和Voting disk

wps99B1.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。设置Disk group name 为OCR,Redundancy选择External,单击Change Discovery Path按钮。

wps99B2.tmp 

指定OCR和Voting disk存放位置为/dev/asm*,依照上图设置Disk Discovery Path为实际路径,单击OK按钮。

wps99B3.tmp 

1.1.1.8  配置操作系统用户和组

wps99B4.tmp 

此处选择use same passwords for these accounts

wps99B5.tmp 

单击Yes按钮。

wps99B6.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

wps99B7.tmp 

点击“Next”继续安装;

wps99B8.tmp 

此处配置为:

Oracle ASM administrator:asmadmin

Oracle ASM DBA :asmdba

Oracle ASM Operator:asmoper

 

 

1.1.1.9  确认安装路径

wps99C8.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

wps99C9.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

wps99CA.tmp 

点击“Next”继续;

1.1.1.10  安装前检查

安装程序会检查系统环境是否符合要求,包括RPM包、磁盘空间、SWAP、时钟同步等,任何一个条件没有通过,都会给出提示和解决办法。

wps99CB.tmp 

以上几项可忽略,选择检查框Ignore All,单击“Next”按钮。

wps99CC.tmp 

单击“Install”按钮。

wps99CD.tmp 

1.1.1.11  52%拷贝到节点2

wps99CE.tmp 

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$ df -h

Filesystem                              Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on

/dev/mapper/vg_rootlhr-Vol00            9.9G  4.9G  4.5G  52% /

tmpfs                                  1000M   72K 1000M   1% /dev/shm

/dev/sda1                               194M   35M  150M  19% /boot

/dev/mapper/vg_rootlhr-Vol01            3.0G  578M  2.3G  21% /tmp

/dev/mapper/vg_rootlhr-Vol03            3.0G   70M  2.8G   3% /home

/dev/mapper/vg_orasoft-lv_orasoft_u01    20G  6.7G   12G  36% /u01

.host:/                                 331G  234G   97G  71% /mnt/hgfs

/dev/mapper/vg_orasoft-lv_orasoft_soft   20G   11G  8.6G  54% /soft

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$

[root@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]# df -h

Filesystem                              Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on

/dev/mapper/vg_rootlhr-Vol00            9.9G  4.9G  4.5G  52% /

tmpfs                                  1000M   72K 1000M   1% /dev/shm

/dev/sda1                               194M   35M  150M  19% /boot

/dev/mapper/vg_rootlhr-Vol01            3.0G   80M  2.8G   3% /tmp

/dev/mapper/vg_rootlhr-Vol03            3.0G   69M  2.8G   3% /home

/dev/mapper/vg_orasoft-lv_orasoft_u01    20G  5.3G   14G  29% /u01

.host:/                                 331G  234G   97G  71% /mnt/hgfs

/dev/mapper/vg_orasoft-lv_orasoft_soft   20G  172M   19G   1% /soft

[root@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]#

 

 

1.1.1.12  81% 执行root.sh

wps99CF.tmp 

出现以上窗口时,不要关闭Execute Configuration scripts窗口,切换到节点1和节点2的root用户,先在节点1运行以root用户执行orainstRoot.sh,运行完后再到节点2运行:

/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

以root用户在节点1上运行root.sh,然后再节点2上运行root.sh:

/u01/app/12.1.0/grid_1/root.sh

若root.sh执行失败,则重新执行root.sh的步骤如下:

---$ORACLE_HOME 为GRID_HOME的路径,执行之前最好先手动把数据库资源关闭

日志地址:$ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs/crsconfig/

重置的日志文件:hadelete.log

root.sh脚本日志:rootcrs_rac2.log

 

--------------① 脚本方式

---执行失败,重新执行root.sh脚本 

$ORACLE_HOME/crs/install/rootcrs.pl -deconfig -force -verbose

--$ORACLE_HOME/crs/install/rootcrs.pl -deconfig -force -verbose -lastnode -keepdg

dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/rhdiskN bs=1024k count=1024

lquerypv -h  /dev/rhdisk5

$ORACLE_HOME/root.sh

 

 

$ORACLE_HOME/crs/install/rootcrs.pl -deconfig -force -verbose

--$ORACLE_HOME/crs/install/rootcrs.pl -deconfig -force -verbose -lastnode -keepdg

$ORACLE_HOME/root.sh

 

---$ORACLE_HOME/crs/install/rootcrs.pl -deconfig -force -verbose执行完成之后需要删除如下的文件

ls -l $ORACLE_BASE/Clusterware/ckptGridHA*

find $ORACLE_HOME/gpnp/* -type f

find $ORACLE_HOME/gpnp/* -type f -exec rm -rf {} \;

 

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$ crsctl stat res -t

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Name           Target  State        Server                   State details      

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Local Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.LISTENER.lsnr

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.OCR.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.asm

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          Started,STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          Started,STABLE

ora.net1.network

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.ons

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cluster Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.MGMTLSNR

      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE

ora.cvu

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.oc4j

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n2.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.scan1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$

 

 

1.1.1.13  91%创建MGMTDB

等到运行完root.sh,切换回Execute Configuration scripts窗口单击“OK”按钮。

wps99D0.tmp 

创建MGMTDB,数据存储在OCR磁盘组。从后台进程(ps -ef|grep mgmt)找到了如下的SQL语句:

dbca -silent -createDatabase -createAsContainerDatabase true -templateName MGMTSeed_Database.dbc -sid -MGMTDB -gdbName _mgmtdb -storageType ASM -diskGroupName OCR -datafileJarLocation /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/assistants/dbca/templates -characterset AL32UTF8 -autoGeneratePasswords -skipUserTemplateCheck -oui_internal

 

 

[root@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]# su - grid asmcmd lsdg

State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name

MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576      6144     5847                0            5847              0             Y  OCR/

[root@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]# su - grid asmcmd lsdg

State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name

MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576      6144     4318                0            4318              0             Y  OCR/

[root@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]# su - grid asmcmd lsdg

State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name

MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576      6144     1733                0            1733              0             Y  OCR/

[root@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]# su - grid asmcmd lsdg

State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name

MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576      6144     1682                0            1682              0             Y  OCR/

[root@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]#

 

 

创建完成后:

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$ crsctl stat res -t

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Name           Target  State        Server                   State details      

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Local Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.LISTENER.lsnr

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.OCR.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.asm

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          Started,STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          Started,STABLE

ora.net1.network

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.ons

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cluster Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.MGMTLSNR

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          169.254.146.43 192.1

                                                             68.2.100,STABLE

ora.cvu

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.mgmtdb

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          Open,STABLE

ora.oc4j

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n2.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.scan1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$ ps -ef|grep pmon 

grid     21105     1  0 Jan16 ?        00:00:00 asm_pmon_+ASM1

grid     36779     1  0 00:33 ?        00:00:00 mdb_pmon_-MGMTDB

grid     44574 12846  0 00:45 pts/0    00:00:00 grep pmon

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$ ps -ef|grep MGMTDB | wc -l

41

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 grid]$

 

 

wps99E1.tmp 

单击“Next”按钮。

wps99E2.tmp 

单击Yes按钮。

单击Close按钮。

1.1.1.14  校验

确认Grid安装成功

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$ crsctl stat res -t

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Name           Target  State        Server                   State details      

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Local Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.LISTENER.lsnr

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.OCR.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.asm

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          Started,STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          Started,STABLE

ora.net1.network

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.ons

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cluster Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.MGMTLSNR

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          169.254.146.43 192.1

                                                             68.2.100,STABLE

ora.cvu

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.mgmtdb

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          Open,STABLE

ora.oc4j

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n2.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.scan1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$ crsctl query css votedisk

##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group

--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------

1. ONLINE   645b7b8eacd94fd1bfdc8466045e5c65 (/dev/asm-diskc) [OCR]

Located 1 voting disk(s).

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$ ocrcheck

Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :

         Version                  :          4

         Total space (kbytes)     :     409568

         Used space (kbytes)      :       1456

         Available space (kbytes) :     408112

         ID                       :  660744490

         Device/File Name         :       +OCR

                                    Device/File integrity check succeeded

 

                                    Device/File not configured

 

                                    Device/File not configured

 

                                    Device/File not configured

 

                                    Device/File not configured

 

         Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

 

         Logical corruption check bypassed due to non-privileged user

 

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$ crsctl check crs

CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online

CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online

CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online

CRS-4533: Event Manager is online

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$ asmcmd

ASMCMD> lsdg

State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name

MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576      6144     1682                0            1682              0             Y  OCR/

ASMCMD> lsdsk -p   --discovery

Group_Num  Disk_Num      Incarn  Mount_Stat  Header_Stat  Mode_Stat  State   Path

        1         0  3915929494  CACHED      MEMBER       ONLINE     NORMAL  /dev/asm-diskc

        0         1           0  CLOSED      CANDIDATE    ONLINE     NORMAL  /dev/asm-diskd

        0         0           0  CLOSED      CANDIDATE    ONLINE     NORMAL  /dev/asm-diske

ASMCMD>

 

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$ $ORACLE_HOME/bin/kfod disks=all s=true ds=true

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Disk          Size Header    Path                                     Disk Group   User     Group  

================================================================================

   1:       6144 Mb MEMBER    /dev/asm-diskc                           OCR          grid     asmadmin

   2:      10240 Mb CANDIDATE /dev/asm-diskd                           #            grid     asmadmin

   3:      10240 Mb CANDIDATE /dev/asm-diske                           #            grid     asmadmin

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ORACLE_SID ORACLE_HOME                                                         

================================================================================

     +ASM1 /u01/app/12.1.0/grid                                                           

     +ASM2 /u01/app/12.1.0/grid                                                           

 

 

 

1.1.2  创建DATA和FRA磁盘组

以 grid 用户执行 asmca 命令

使用asmca,创建DATA和FRA两个磁盘组。

wps99E3.tmp 

 

wps99E4.tmp 

点击Create按钮:

wps99E5.tmp 

如上图,点击OK:

wps99E6.tmp 

DATA创建成功,相同步骤创建FRA磁盘组。

wps99F6.tmp 

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$ $ORACLE_HOME/bin/kfod disks=all s=true ds=true

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Disk          Size Header    Path                                     Disk Group   User     Group  

================================================================================

   1:       6144 Mb MEMBER    /dev/asm-diskc                           OCR          grid     asmadmin

   2:      10240 Mb MEMBER    /dev/asm-diskd                           DATA         grid     asmadmin

   3:      10240 Mb MEMBER    /dev/asm-diske                           FRA          grid     asmadmin

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ORACLE_SID ORACLE_HOME                                                         

================================================================================

     +ASM1 /u01/app/12.1.0/grid                                                           

     +ASM2 /u01/app/12.1.0/grid                                                           

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$ crsctl stat res -t                           

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Name           Target  State        Server                   State details      

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Local Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.DATA.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.FRA.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.LISTENER.lsnr

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.OCR.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.asm

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          Started,STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          Started,STABLE

ora.net1.network

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.ons

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cluster Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.MGMTLSNR

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          169.254.146.43 192.1

                                                             68.2.100,STABLE

ora.cvu

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.mgmtdb

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          Open,STABLE

ora.oc4j

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n2.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.scan1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 ~]$

 

 

1.1.3  停止MGMTDB

由于是在虚拟机上,内存不足,所以建议先把MGMTDB库停掉。

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ srvctl stop mgmtdb

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ srvctl status mgmtdb

Database is enabled

Database is not running.

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ crsctl stat res -t

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Name           Target  State        Server                   State details      

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Local Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.DATA.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.FRA.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.LISTENER.lsnr

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.OCR.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.asm

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          Started,STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          Started,STABLE

ora.net1.network

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.ons

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cluster Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.MGMTLSNR

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          169.254.20.104 192.1

                                                             68.2.100,STABLE

ora.cvu

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.lhrrac.db

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          Open,STABLE

      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          Open,STABLE

ora.mgmtdb

      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               Instance Shutdown,ST

                                                             ABLE

ora.oc4j

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n2.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.scan1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 oracle]$ ORACLE_SID=-MGMTDB

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N2 oracle]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Jan 17 11:46:18 2017

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

Connected to an idle instance.

 

1.1.4  Database安装与配置

1.1.4.1  安装数据库

日志:tail -f /u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2014-06-05_01-30-25AM.log

 

以Oracle 用户在rac1上安装:

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ export DISPLAY=192.168.59.1:0.0

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ xhost +

access control disabled, clients can connect from any host

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ cd /soft/database/

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 database]$ ll

total 72

drwxr-xr-x  4 root root  4096 Jan 16 17:04 install

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root 34132 Jul 11  2014 readme.html

drwxrwxr-x  2 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 response

drwxr-xr-x  2 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 rpm

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root  8533 Jul  7  2014 runInstaller

drwxrwxr-x  2 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 sshsetup

drwxr-xr-x 14 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 stage

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root   500 Feb  7  2013 welcome.html

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 database]$ ./runInstaller

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

 

Checking Temp space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 2783 MB    Passed

Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB.   Actual 1732 MB    Passed

Checking monitor: must be configured to display at least 256 colors.    Actual 16777216    Passed

Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2017-01-17_09-54-27AM. Please wait ...[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 database]$

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 database]$

 

 

 

安装oracle database软件

 

wps99F7.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

wps99F8.tmp 

单击Yes按钮。

1.1.4.2  仅安装软件

选择在安装过程中是否建库。这里选择仅安装软件,安装完成后再建库,建库过程详见第6章。

wps99F9.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

1.1.4.3  安装集群数据库

wps99FA.tmp 

依照上图设置好,按SSH Connectivity按钮。

1.1.4.4  配置SSH用户等价

wps99FB.tmp 

点击“Test”进行测试SSH,然后单击“Next”按钮。

1.1.4.5  选择语言

wps9A0C.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

1.1.4.6  选择安装企业版

wps9A0D.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“NEXT”按钮。

1.1.4.7  确认安装路径

wps9A0E.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

1.1.4.8  配置操作系统用户和组

wps9A0F.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

1.1.4.9  安装前检查

wps9A10.tmp 

以上两项可忽略,选择检查框Ignore All,单击“Next”按钮。

wps9A11.tmp 

选择“Yes”,

wps9A12.tmp 

单击“Next”按钮。

1.1.4.10  44%的rman工具

44% 的rman工具的时候很慢,,,,,主要看OS的内存大小和机器性能了。。。

wps9A13.tmp 

1.1.4.11  65%的时候很慢

wps9A14.tmp 

这个时候在copy到rac2上,可以查看大小来确定是否挂起,等待向其他节点复制。

1.1.4.12  95%执行root.sh

wps9A15.tmp 

不要关闭Execute Configuration scripts窗口,切换到节点1和节点2的root用户Terminal终端窗口,root.sh先在节点1运行,运行完后再到节点2运行:

/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/root.sh

等到运行完root.sh,切换回Execute Configuration scripts窗口单击“OK”按钮。

wps9A16.tmp 

单击Close按钮。

1.1.5  使用DBCA创建数据库

 

Oracle 用户下在节点一操作:

 

wps9A17.tmp 

节点1运行dbca图形化安装程序创建数据库:

su - oracle

export DISPLAY=$IP:0.0

cd /oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome/bin

./dbca

 

1.1.5.1  进入欢迎界面,选择创建RAC库

wps9A18.tmp 

依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

wps9A19.tmp 

也可以选择默认配置,如下图:

wps9A1A.tmp 

这里选择高级模式,单击“Next”按钮。

wps9A1B.tmp 

选择用户自定义(Custom Database)方式,采用定制的方法才创建数据库。单击“Next”按钮。

1.1.5.2  确定数据库名及数据库实例名

wps9A1C.tmp 

根据应用需求,输入的Database Name和SID。依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。Global Database Name和SID Prefix名字一致。

注意:Oracle 12c 支持Oracle_SID的长度为12位,db_name的长度为8位

wps9A2D.tmp 

选择需要安装数据库的Node节点,选择完成后点击“Next”继续。

1.1.5.3  选择数据库管理特征和验证特性

wps9A2E.tmp 

点击“Next”继续。

wps9A2F.tmp 

Password=oracleMODE,依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

1.1.5.4  选择数据库存储特征

wps9A30.tmp 

设置存储类型:选择ASM。

设置数据存放方式:选择"Use Common Location for All Database Files:"

Files Location:+DATA。

单击“Next”按钮。

1.1.5.5  选择数据库组件

wps9A31.tmp 

wps9A32.tmp 

用户根据实际应用需要选择组件。

点击“Next”继续配置。

1.1.5.6  配置有关的初始化参数

注意:数据块大小,字符集参数,在建立实例后将不能被修改。所以在安装实例时,一定要确认设置的正确性。

wps9A33.tmp 

设置SGA+PGA使用70-80% 的物理内存,对于SGA可配置(SGA+PGA)的80%,PGA为(SGA+PGA)的20%。

推荐:SGA=物理内存×0.7×0.8

      PGA=物理内存×0.7×0.2

单击“Next”按钮。

wps9A34.tmp 

设置 进程数量,processs设置为5000。依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

wps9A35.tmp 

设置“Database Character Set”为需求设置,“National Character Set”为“AL16UTF16”编码(与项目组确认是否有使用nchar/nvarchar类型,确认编码)。依照上图设置好,单击“Next”按钮。

wps9A36.tmp 

连接模式选择“专用服务器模式”,点击“Next”继续。

 

注意:数据块大小,字符集参数,在建立实例后将不能被修改。所以在安装实例时,一定要确认设置的正确性。

1.1.5.7  进行安装

wps9A37.tmp 

wps9A38.tmp 

查看上图中的报错是由于一个SCAN IP导致,可以忽略所有,然后点击“Next”继续安装。DBCA已自动配置完两个节点Database的$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/tnsnames.ora。

 

1.1.5.8  日志路径

可以查看dbca建库日志

 

路径:/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/racdb

tail -f /u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/racdb/trace.log

 

1.1.5.9  验证

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ crsctl stat res -t

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Name           Target  State        Server                   State details      

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Local Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.DATA.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.FRA.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.LISTENER.lsnr

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.OCR.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.asm

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          Started,STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          Started,STABLE

ora.net1.network

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.ons

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

               ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cluster Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.MGMTLSNR

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          169.254.166.174 192.

                                                             168.2.101,STABLE

ora.cvu

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.lhr12crac.db

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          Open,STABLE

      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          Open,STABLE

ora.mgmtdb

      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               Instance Shutdown,ST

                                                             ABLE

ora.oc4j

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n1          STABLE

ora.raclhr-12cr1-n2.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

ora.scan1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       raclhr-12cr1-n2          STABLE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ crsctl check cluster

CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online

CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online

CRS-4533: Event Manager is online

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ srvctl status database -d lhr12crac

Instance lhr12cra1 is running on node raclhr-12cr1-n1

Instance lhr12cra2 is running on node raclhr-12cr1-n2

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ srvctl status nodeapps

VIP raclhr-12cr1-n1-vip is enabled

VIP raclhr-12cr1-n1-vip is running on node: raclhr-12cr1-n1

VIP raclhr-12cr1-n2-vip is enabled

VIP raclhr-12cr1-n2-vip is running on node: raclhr-12cr1-n2

Network is enabled

Network is running on node: raclhr-12cr1-n1

Network is running on node: raclhr-12cr1-n2

ONS is enabled

ONS daemon is running on node: raclhr-12cr1-n1

ONS daemon is running on node: raclhr-12cr1-n2

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ srvctl config nodeapps

Network 1 exists

Subnet IPv4: 192.168.59.0/255.255.255.0/eth0, static

Subnet IPv6:

Ping Targets:

Network is enabled

Network is individually enabled on nodes:

Network is individually disabled on nodes:

VIP exists: network number 1, hosting node raclhr-12cr1-n1

VIP Name: raclhr-12cr1-n1-vip

VIP IPv4 Address: 192.168.59.162

VIP IPv6 Address:

VIP is enabled.

VIP is individually enabled on nodes:

VIP is individually disabled on nodes:

VIP exists: network number 1, hosting node raclhr-12cr1-n2

VIP Name: raclhr-12cr1-n2-vip

VIP IPv4 Address: 192.168.59.163

VIP IPv6 Address:

VIP is enabled.

VIP is individually enabled on nodes:

VIP is individually disabled on nodes:

ONS exists: Local port 6100, remote port 6200, EM port 2016, Uses SSL false

ONS is enabled

ONS is individually enabled on nodes:

ONS is individually disabled on nodes:

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ srvctl config database -d lhr12crac -a

Database unique name: lhr12crac

Database name: lhr12cra

Oracle home: /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1

Oracle user: oracle

Spfile: +DATA/LHR12CRAC/PARAMETERFILE/spfile.278.933512629

Password file: +DATA/LHR12CRAC/PASSWORD/pwdlhr12crac.266.933512143

Domain:

Start options: open

Stop options: immediate

Database role: PRIMARY

Management policy: AUTOMATIC

Server pools:

Disk Groups: DATA,FRA

Mount point paths:

Services:

Type: RAC

Start concurrency:

Stop concurrency:

Database is enabled

Database is individually enabled on nodes:

Database is individually disabled on nodes:

OSDBA group: dba

OSOPER group: oinstall

Database instances: lhr12cra1,lhr12cra2

Configured nodes: raclhr-12cr1-n1,raclhr-12cr1-n2

Database is administrator managed

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ srvctl status asm

ASM is running on raclhr-12cr1-n2,raclhr-12cr1-n1

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ srvctl config asm -a

ASM home: <CRS home>

Password file: +OCR/orapwASM

ASM listener: LISTENER

ASM is enabled.

ASM is individually enabled on nodes:

ASM is individually disabled on nodes:

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ srvctl status listener

Listener LISTENER is enabled

Listener LISTENER is running on node(s): raclhr-12cr1-n2,raclhr-12cr1-n1

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ srvctl config listener -a

Name: LISTENER

Type: Database Listener

Network: 1, Owner: grid

Home: <CRS home>

  /u01/app/12.1.0/grid on node(s) raclhr-12cr1-n2,raclhr-12cr1-n1

End points: TCP:1521

Listener is enabled.

Listener is individually enabled on nodes:

Listener is individually disabled on nodes:

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ srvctl config nodeapps -a -g -s -l

PRKO-2207 : Warning:-gsdonly option has been deprecated and will be ignored.

Warning:-listener option has been deprecated and will be ignored.

Network 1 exists

Subnet IPv4: 192.168.59.0/255.255.255.0/eth0, static

Subnet IPv6:

Ping Targets:

Network is enabled

Network is individually enabled on nodes:

Network is individually disabled on nodes:

VIP exists: network number 1, hosting node raclhr-12cr1-n1

VIP Name: raclhr-12cr1-n1-vip

VIP IPv4 Address: 192.168.59.162

VIP IPv6 Address:

VIP is enabled.

VIP is individually enabled on nodes:

VIP is individually disabled on nodes:

VIP exists: network number 1, hosting node raclhr-12cr1-n2

VIP Name: raclhr-12cr1-n2-vip

VIP IPv4 Address: 192.168.59.163

VIP IPv6 Address:

VIP is enabled.

VIP is individually enabled on nodes:

VIP is individually disabled on nodes:

ONS exists: Local port 6100, remote port 6200, EM port 2016, Uses SSL false

ONS is enabled

ONS is individually enabled on nodes:

ONS is individually disabled on nodes:

Name: LISTENER

Type: Database Listener

Network: 1, Owner: grid

Home: <CRS home>

  /u01/app/12.1.0/grid on node(s) raclhr-12cr1-n2,raclhr-12cr1-n1

End points: TCP:1521

Listener is enabled.

Listener is individually enabled on nodes:

Listener is individually disabled on nodes:

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ srvctl status scan

SCAN VIP scan1 is enabled

SCAN VIP scan1 is running on node raclhr-12cr1-n2

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ srvctl config scan

SCAN name: raclhr-12cR1-scan, Network: 1

Subnet IPv4: 192.168.59.0/255.255.255.0/eth0, static

Subnet IPv6:

SCAN 0 IPv4 VIP: 192.168.59.164

SCAN VIP is enabled.

SCAN VIP is individually enabled on nodes:

SCAN VIP is individually disabled on nodes:

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ cluvfy comp clocksync -verbose

 

Verifying Clock Synchronization across the cluster nodes

 

Checking if Clusterware is installed on all nodes...

Oracle Clusterware is installed on all nodes.

 

Checking if CTSS Resource is running on all nodes...

Check: CTSS Resource running on all nodes

  Node Name                             Status                 

  ------------------------------------  ------------------------

  raclhr-12cr1-n1                       passed                 

CTSS resource check passed

 

Querying CTSS for time offset on all nodes...

Query of CTSS for time offset passed

 

Check CTSS state started...

Check: CTSS state

  Node Name                             State                  

  ------------------------------------  ------------------------

  raclhr-12cr1-n1                       Active                 

CTSS is in Active state. Proceeding with check of clock time offsets on all nodes...

Reference Time Offset Limit: 1000.0 msecs

Check: Reference Time Offset

  Node Name     Time Offset               Status                 

  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------

  raclhr-12cr1-n1  0.0                       passed                 

 

Time offset is within the specified limits on the following set of nodes:

"[raclhr-12cr1-n1]"

Result: Check of clock time offsets passed

 

 

Oracle Cluster Time Synchronization Services check passed

 

Verification of Clock Synchronization across the cluster nodes was successful.

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ ORACLE_SID=lhr12cra1

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 bin]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Jan 17 13:52:17 2017

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,

Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

 

SQL> set line 9999

SQL> show parameter cluster

 

NAME                                 TYPE                   VALUE

------------------------------------ ---------------------- ------------------------------

cluster_database                     boolean                TRUE

cluster_database_instances           integer                2

cluster_interconnects                string

SQL> col host_name format a20 

SQL> set linesize 200 

SQL> select INSTANCE_NAME,HOST_NAME,VERSION,STARTUP_TIME,STATUS,ACTIVE_STATE,INSTANCE_ROLE,DATABASE_STATUS from gv$INSTANCE;

 

INSTANCE_NAME                    HOST_NAME            VERSION                            STARTUP_TIME        STATUS                   ACTIVE_STATE       INSTANCE_ROLE

-------------------------------- -------------------- ---------------------------------- ------------------- ------------------------ ------------------ ------------------------------------

DATABASE_STATUS

----------------------------------

lhr12cra1                        raclhr-12cR1-N1      12.1.0.2.0                         2017-01-17 13:05:14 OPEN                     NORMAL             PRIMARY_INSTANCE

ACTIVE

 

lhr12cra2                        raclhr-12cR1-N2      12.1.0.2.0                         2017-01-17 13:05:59 OPEN                     NORMAL             PRIMARY_INSTANCE

ACTIVE

 

 

SQL>

 

 

1.2  卸载

下面卸载掉之前安装好的集群,采用静默安装的方式来安装集群并创建数据库。

kill -9 `ps -ef|grep d.bin| grep -v grep | awk '{print $2}'`

rm -rf /etc/ora*

rm -rf /var/tmp/.oracle

rm -rf /tmp/*

rm -rf /u01/app/

修改 /etc/inittab 删除以下三行.

h1:2:respawn:/etc/init.evmd run >/dev/null 2>&1

h2:2:respawn:/etc/init.cssd fatal >/dev/null 2>&1

h3:2:respawn:/etc/init.crsd run >/dev/null 2>&1

dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskc bs=104857600 count=1

 

 

重新创建相关路径:

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle

mkdir -p /u01/app/grid

mkdir -p /u01/app/12.1.0/grid

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1

chown -R grid:oinstall /u01/app/grid

chown -R grid:oinstall /u01/app/12.1.0

chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle

chmod -R 775 /u01

 

mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory

chown -R grid:oinstall /u01/app/oraInventory

chmod -R 775 /u01/app/oraInventory

 

 

然后重启2台主机。

 

About Me

...............................................................................................................................

● 本文作者:小麦苗,只专注于数据库的技术,更注重技术的运用

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● 本文itpub地址:http://blog.itpub.net/26736162/viewspace-2132772/

● 本文博客园地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/lhrbest/p/6337508.html

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