adb 命令大全 ,adb工具学习

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2015/03/22 23:38
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  1. adb 是android debug bridge 的简称

  2. 语法

adb [-d|-e|-s <serialNumber>] <command>

3. 命令

Category Command Description Comments
Target Device -d Direct an adb command to the only attached USB device. Returns an error if more than one USB device is attached.
-e Direct an adb command to the only running emulator instance. Returns an error if more than one emulator instance is running.
-s <serialNumber> Direct an adb command a specific emulator/device instance, referred to by its adb-assigned serial number (such as "emulator-5556"). See Directing Commands to a Specific Emulator/Device Instance.
General devices Prints a list of all attached emulator/device instances. See Querying for Emulator/Device Instancesfor more information.
help Prints a list of supported adb commands.  
version Prints the adb version number.  
Debug logcat [option] [filter-specs] Prints log data to the screen.  
bugreport Prints dumpsysdumpstate, and logcat data to the screen, for the purposes of bug reporting.  
jdwp Prints a list of available JDWP processes on a given device. You can use the forward jdwp:<pid> port-forwarding specification to connect to a specific JDWP process. For example: 
adb forward tcp:8000 jdwp:472
jdb -attach localhost:8000
Data install <path-to-apk> Pushes an Android application (specified as a full path to an .apk file) to an emulator/device.  
pull <remote> <local> Copies a specified file from an emulator/device instance to your development computer.  
push <local> <remote> Copies a specified file from your development computer to an emulator/device instance.  
Ports and Networking forward <local> <remote> Forwards socket connections from a specified local port to a specified remote port on the emulator/device instance. Port specifications can use these schemes:
  • tcp:<portnum>

  • local:<UNIX domain socket name>

  • dev:<character device name>

  • jdwp:<pid>

ppp <tty> [parm]... Run PPP over USB.
  • <tty> — the tty for PPP stream. For exampledev:/dev/omap_csmi_ttyl.

  • [parm]... — zero or more PPP/PPPD options, such as defaultroutelocal,notty, etc.

Note that you should not automatically start a PPP connection.

Scripting get-serialno Prints the adb instance serial number string. See Querying for Emulator/Device Instancesfor more information.
get-state Prints the adb state of an emulator/device instance.
wait-for-device Blocks execution until the device is online — that is, until the instance state is device. You can prepend this command to other adb commands, in which case adb will wait until the emulator/device instance is connected before issuing the other commands. Here's an example:
adb wait-for-device shell getprop
Note that this command does not cause adb to wait until the entire system is fully booted. For that reason, you should not prepend it to other commands that require a fully booted system. As an example, the install requires the Android package manager, which is available only after the system is fully booted. A command such as
adb wait-for-device install <app>.apk
would issue the install command as soon as the emulator or device instance connected to the adb server, but before the Android system was fully booted, so it would result in an error.
Server start-server Checks whether the adb server process is running and starts it, if not.  
kill-server Terminates the adb server process.  
Shell shell Starts a remote shell in the target emulator/device instance. See Issuing Shell Commands for more information.
shell [shellCommand] Issues a shell command in the target emulator/device instance and then exits the remote shell.

Querying for Emulator/Device Instances


Before issuing adb commands, it is helpful to know what emulator/device instances are connected to the adb server. You can generate a list of attached emulators/devices using the devices command:

adb devices

如果有多个设备,则可以指定要执行的设备

adb -s <serialNumber> <command>

例如:

adb -s emulator-5556 install helloWorld.apk

如果有多个设备,但是这些设备中只有一个模拟器,想对模拟器执行命令,则可以用

adb -e 对模拟器执行命令

如果有多个设备,但是只有一个是硬件设备,则可用

adb -d对这个硬件设备执行命令

安装应用:

adb install <path_to_apk>

转发端口

可以使用转发命令设置任意端口来转发。处理从主机端口到设备端口的请求。

如:

adb forward tcp:6100 tcp:7100

tcp:6100是电脑主机的端口,tcp:7100是设备端口

拷贝文件

adb pull <remote> <local>

把设备上的文件拷贝到电脑本地

adb push <local> <remote>

把本地的文件拷贝到设备端

例如:

adb push foo.txt /sdcard/foo.txt

执行shell命令

shell 命令以二进制存在system/bin...路径下

常用的连个命令工具:

am  即:activity manager 和pm 即: package manager

命令格式如下:

adb [-d|-e|-s <serialNumber>] shell <shell_command>

或者

adb [-d|-e|-s <serialNumber>] shell

退出远程shell 命令:exit  或者ctrl+D

使用am命令管理activity

语法:

am <command>

例如:

adb shell am start -a android.intent.action.VIEW

可用的am命令

start [options] <INTENT> Start an Activity specified by <INTENT>.

See the Specification for <INTENT> arguments.

Options are:

  • -D: Enable debugging.

  • -W: Wait for launch to complete.

  • --start-profiler <FILE>: Start profiler and send results to <FILE>.

  • -P <FILE>: Like --start-profiler, but profiling stops when the app goes idle.

  • -R: Repeat the activity launch <COUNT> times. Prior to each repeat, the top activity will be finished.

  • -S: Force stop the target app before starting the activity.

  • --opengl-trace: Enable tracing of OpenGL functions.

  • --user <USER_ID> | current: Specify which user to run as; if not specified, then run as the current user.

startservice [options] <INTENT> Start the Service specified by <INTENT>.

See the Specification for <INTENT> arguments.

Options are:

  • --user <USER_ID> | current: Specify which user to run as; if not specified, then run as the current user.

force-stop <PACKAGE> Force stop everything associated with <PACKAGE> (the app's package name).
kill [options] <PACKAGE> Kill all processes associated with <PACKAGE> (the app's package name). This command kills only processes that are safe to kill and that will not impact the user experience.

Options are:

  • --user <USER_ID> | all | current: Specify user whose processes to kill; all users if not specified.

kill-all Kill all background processes.
broadcast [options] <INTENT> Issue a broadcast intent.

See the Specification for <INTENT> arguments.

Options are:

  • [--user <USER_ID> | all | current]: Specify which user to send to; if not specified then send to all users.

instrument [options] <COMPONENT> Start monitoring with an Instrumentation instance. Typically the target<COMPONENT> is the form <TEST_PACKAGE>/<RUNNER_CLASS>.

Options are:

  • -r: Print raw results (otherwise decode <REPORT_KEY_STREAMRESULT>). Use with [-e perf true] to generate raw output for performance measurements.

  • -e <NAME> <VALUE>: Set argument <NAME> to <VALUE>. For test runners a common form is -e <testrunner_flag> <value>[,<value>...].

  • -p <FILE>: Write profiling data to <FILE>.

  • -w: Wait for instrumentation to finish before returning. Required for test runners.

  • --no-window-animation: Turn off window animations while running.

  • --user <USER_ID> | current: Specify which user instrumentation runs in; current user if not specified.

profile start <PROCESS> <FILE> Start profiler on <PROCESS>, write results to <FILE>.
profile stop <PROCESS> Stop profiler on <PROCESS>.
dumpheap [options] <PROCESS> <FILE> Dump the heap of <PROCESS>, write to <FILE>.

Options are:

  • --user [<USER_ID>|current]: When supplying a process name, specify user of process to dump; uses current user if not specified.

  • -n: Dump native heap instead of managed heap.

set-debug-app [options] <PACKAGE> Set application <PACKAGE> to debug.

Options are:

  • -w: Wait for debugger when application starts.

  • --persistent: Retain this value.

clear-debug-app Clear the package previous set for debugging with set-debug-app.
monitor [options] Start monitoring for crashes or ANRs.

Options are:

  • --gdb: Start gdbserv on the given port at crash/ANR.

screen-compat [on|off] <PACKAGE> Control screen compatibility mode of <PACKAGE>.
display-size [reset|<WxH>] Override emulator/device display size. This command is helpful for testing your app across different screen sizes by mimicking a small screen resolution using a device with a large screen, and vice versa.

Example:
am display-size 1280x800

display-density <dpi> Override emulator/device display density. This command is helpful for testing your app across different screen densities on high-density screen environment using a low density screen, and vice versa.

Example:
am display-density 480

to-uri <INTENT> Print the given intent specification as a URI.

See the Specification for <INTENT> arguments.

to-intent-uri <INTENT> Print the given intent specification as an intent: URI.

See the Specification for <INTENT> arguments.

For activity manager commands that take a <INTENT> argument, you can specify the intent with the following options:

  • -a <ACTION>

  • Specify the intent action, such as "android.intent.action.VIEW". You can declare this only once.

  • -d <DATA_URI>

  • Specify the intent data URI, such as "content://contacts/people/1". You can declare this only once.

  • -t <MIME_TYPE>

  • Specify the intent MIME type, such as "image/png". You can declare this only once.

  • -c <CATEGORY>

  • Specify an intent category, such as "android.intent.category.APP_CONTACTS".

  • -n <COMPONENT>

  • Specify the component name with package name prefix to create an explicit intent, such as "com.example.app/.ExampleActivity".

  • -f <FLAGS>

  • Add flags to the intent, as supported by setFlags().

  • --esn <EXTRA_KEY>

  • Add a null extra. This option is not supported for URI intents.

  • -e|--es <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_STRING_VALUE>

  • Add string data as a key-value pair.

  • --ez <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_BOOLEAN_VALUE>

  • Add boolean data as a key-value pair.

  • --ei <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_INT_VALUE>

  • Add integer data as a key-value pair.

  • --el <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_LONG_VALUE>

  • Add long data as a key-value pair.

  • --ef <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_FLOAT_VALUE>

  • Add float data as a key-value pair.

  • --eu <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_URI_VALUE>

  • Add URI data as a key-value pair.

  • --ecn <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_COMPONENT_NAME_VALUE>

  • Add a component name, which is converted and passed as a ComponentName object.

  • --eia <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_INT_VALUE>[,<EXTRA_INT_VALUE...]

  • Add an array of integers.

  • --ela <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_LONG_VALUE>[,<EXTRA_LONG_VALUE...]

  • Add an array of longs.

  • --efa <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_FLOAT_VALUE>[,<EXTRA_FLOAT_VALUE...]

  • Add an array of floats.

  • --grant-read-uri-permission

  • Include the flag FLAG_GRANT_READ_URI_PERMISSION.

  • --grant-write-uri-permission

  • Include the flag FLAG_GRANT_WRITE_URI_PERMISSION.

  • --debug-log-resolution

  • Include the flag FLAG_DEBUG_LOG_RESOLUTION.

  • --exclude-stopped-packages

  • Include the flag FLAG_EXCLUDE_STOPPED_PACKAGES.

  • --include-stopped-packages

  • Include the flag FLAG_INCLUDE_STOPPED_PACKAGES.

  • --activity-brought-to-front

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_BROUGHT_TO_FRONT.

  • --activity-clear-top

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP.

  • --activity-clear-when-task-reset

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_WHEN_TASK_RESET.

  • --activity-exclude-from-recents

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_EXCLUDE_FROM_RECENTS.

  • --activity-launched-from-history

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_LAUNCHED_FROM_HISTORY.

  • --activity-multiple-task

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_MULTIPLE_TASK.

  • --activity-no-animation

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_NO_ANIMATION.

  • --activity-no-history

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_NO_HISTORY.

  • --activity-no-user-action

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_NO_USER_ACTION.

  • --activity-previous-is-top

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_PREVIOUS_IS_TOP.

  • --activity-reorder-to-front

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_REORDER_TO_FRONT.

  • --activity-reset-task-if-needed

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_RESET_TASK_IF_NEEDED.

  • --activity-single-top

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_SINGLE_TOP.

  • --activity-clear-task

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TASK.

  • --activity-task-on-home

  • Include the flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_TASK_ON_HOME.

  • --receiver-registered-only

  • Include the flag FLAG_RECEIVER_REGISTERED_ONLY.

  • --receiver-replace-pending

  • Include the flag FLAG_RECEIVER_REPLACE_PENDING.

  • --selector

  • Requires the use of -d and -t options to set the intent data and type.

  • <URI> <COMPONENT> <PACKAGE>

  • You can directly specify a URI, package name, and component name when not qualified by one of the above options. When an argument is unqualified, the tool assumes the argument is a URI if it contains a ":" (colon); it assumes the argument is a component name if it contains a "/" (forward-slash); otherwise it assumes the argument is a package name.

pm命令:

语法:

pm <command>

例如:

adb shell pm uninstall com.example.MyApp

pm可用的命令表:

Command Description
list packages [options] <FILTER> Prints all packages, optionally only those whose package name contains the text in <FILTER>.

Options:

  • -f: See their associated file.

  • -d: Filter to only show disabled packages.

  • -e: Filter to only show enabled packages.

  • -s: Filter to only show system packages.

  • -3: Filter to only show third party packages.

  • -i: See the installer for the packages.

  • -u: Also include uninstalled packages.

  • --user <USER_ID>: The user space to query.

list permission-groups Prints all known permission groups.
list permissions [options] <GROUP> Prints all known permissions, optionally only those in<GROUP>.

Options:

  • -g: Organize by group.

  • -f: Print all information.

  • -s: Short summary.

  • -d: Only list dangerous permissions.

  • -u: List only the permissions users will see.

list instrumentation List all test packages.

Options:

  • -f: List the APK file for the test package.

  • <TARGET_PACKAGE>: List test packages for only this app.

list features Prints all features of the system.
list libraries Prints all the libraries supported by the current device.
list users Prints all users on the system.
path <PACKAGE> Print the path to the APK of the given <PACKAGE>.
install [options] <PATH> Installs a package (specified by <PATH>) to the system.

Options:

  • -l: Install the package with forward lock.

  • -r: Reinstall an exisiting app, keeping its data.

  • -t: Allow test APKs to be installed.

  • -i <INSTALLER_PACKAGE_NAME>: Specify the installer package name.

  • -s: Install package on the shared mass storage (such as sdcard).

  • -f: Install package on the internal system memory.

  • -d: Allow version code downgrade.

uninstall [options] <PACKAGE> Removes a package from the system.

Options:

  • -k: Keep the data and cache directories around after package removal.

clear <PACKAGE> Deletes all data associated with a package.
enable <PACKAGE_OR_COMPONENT> Enable the given package or component (written as "package/class").
disable <PACKAGE_OR_COMPONENT> Disable the given package or component (written as "package/class").
disable-user [options] <PACKAGE_OR_COMPONENT>

Options:

  • --user <USER_ID>: The user to disable.

grant <PACKAGE_PERMISSION> Grant permissions to applications. Only optional permissions the application has declared can be granted.
revoke <PACKAGE_PERMISSION> Revoke permissions to applications. Only optional permissions the application has declared can be revoked.
set-install-location <LOCATION> Changes the default install location. Location values:
  • 0: Auto—Let system decide the best location.

  • 1: Internal—install on internal device storage.

  • 2: External—install on external media.

Note: This is only intended for debugging; using this can cause applications to break and other undesireable behavior.

get-install-location Returns the current install location. Return values:
  • 0 [auto]: Lets system decide the best location

  • 1 [internal]: Installs on internal device storage

  • 2 [external]: Installs on external media

set-permission-enforced <PERMISSION> [true|false] Specifies whether the given permission should be enforced.
trim-caches <DESIRED_FREE_SPACE> Trim cache files to reach the given free space.
create-user <USER_NAME> Create a new user with the given <USER_NAME>, printing the new user identifier of the user.
remove-user <USER_ID> Remove the user with the given <USER_IDENTIFIER>, deleting all data associated with that user
get-max-users Prints the maximum number of users supported by the device.

数据库查询命令: sqlite3

例如:

adb -s emulator-5554 shell
# sqlite3 /data/data/com.example.google.rss.rssexample/databases/rssitems.db
SQLite version 3.3.12
Enter ".help" for instructions.... enter commands, then quit...sqlite> .exit

记录设备屏幕:

screenrecord

例如:

$ adb shell screenrecord /sdcard/demo.mp4

Stop the screen recording by pressing Ctrl-C, otherwise the recording stops automatically at three minutes or the time limit set by --time-limit.

例如:

$ adb shell
shell@ $ screenrecord
--verbose /sdcard/demo.mp4
(press Ctrl-C to stop)
shell@ $
exit
$ adb pull
/sdcard/demo.mp4

screenrecord options

Options Description
--help Displays a usage summary.
--size <WIDTHxHEIGHT> Sets the video size, for example: 1280x720. The default value is the device's main display resolution (if supported), 1280x720 if not. For best results, use a size supported by your device's Advanced Video Coding (AVC) encoder.
--bit-rate <RATE> Sets the video bit rate for the video, in megabits per second. The default value is 4Mbps. You can increase the bit rate to improve video quality or lower it for smaller movie files. The following example sets the recording bit rate to 6Mbps:
screenrecord --bit-rate 6000000 /sdcard/demo.mp4
--time-limit <TIME> Sets the maximum recording time, in seconds. The default and maximum value is 180 (3 minutes).
--rotate Rotates the output 90 degrees. This feature is experimental.
--verbose Displays log information on command line screen. If you do not set this option, the utility does not display any information while running.

monkey命令:

adb shell monkey -v -p your.package.name 500

列出所有可以使用的命令:

adb shell ls /system/bin

其他命令:

Some other adb shell commands

Shell Command Description Comments
dumpsys Dumps system data to the screen. The Dalvik Debug Monitor Server (DDMS) tool offers integrated debug environment that you may find easier to use.
dumpstate Dumps state to a file.
logcat [option]... [filter-spec]... Enables system and app logging and prints output to the screen.
dmesg Prints kernel debugging messages to the screen.
start Starts (restarts) an emulator/device instance.
stop Stops execution of an emulator/device instance.

使用无线连接也可以用命令,这样就可以告别数据线:

Wireless usage


adb is usually used over USB. However, it is also possible to use over Wi-Fi, as described here.

  1. Connect Android device and adb host computer to a common Wi-Fi network accessible to both. We have found that not all access points are suitable; you may need to use an access point whose firewall is configured properly to support adb.

  2. Connect the device with USB cable to host.

  3. Make sure adb is running in USB mode on host.

    $ adb usb
    restarting
    in USB mode
  4. Connect to the device over USB.

    ######## device
  5. Restart host adb in tcpip mode.

    $ adb tcpip 5555
    restarting
    in TCP mode port: 5555
  6. Find out the IP address of the Android device: Settings -> About tablet -> Status -> IP address. Remember the IP address, of the form #.#.#.#.

  7. Connect adb host to device:

    #.#.#.##.#.#.#:5555
  8. Remove USB cable from device, and confirm you can still access device:

    #.#.#.#:5555 device

You're now good to go!

If the adb connection is ever lost:

  1. Make sure that your host is still connected to the same Wi-Fi network your Android device is.

  2. Reconnect by executing the "adb connect" step again.

  3. Or if that doesn't work, reset your adb host:

    adb kill-server

    and then start over from the beginning.

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carlos博主
查看apk版本号: adb shell dumpsys package com.examle.xx
2018/01/17 14:35
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