mac 安装python3.4、django
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mac 安装python3.4、django
Mr_Tea 发表于1年前
mac 安装python3.4、django
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摘要: 最近开始研究python,mac安装pyhon有点麻烦,mac本身自带了python2.7。文章介绍下不删除python2.7 使用python3.4

一、获取root最高权限

    重启机器,然后按住command+r进入恢复模式,打开终端输入csrutil disable。再重启机器

二、安装python  

2.1 下载python-3.4.2-macosx10.6.pkg,并安装

2.2  将安装的3.4.2版本 的移到系统。

     1、切换到root下。

     2、

sudo mv /Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4  /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions

      3、

sudo chown -R root:wheel /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4

     4、 

sudo rm /usr/bin/pydoc
sudo rm /usr/bin/python
sudo rm /usr/bin/pythonw
sudo rm /usr/bin/python-config

    5、

sudo ln -s /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/bin/pydoc3.4 /usr/bin/pydoc
sudo ln -s /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/bin/python3.4 /usr/bin/python
sudo ln -s /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/bin/python3.4m-config /usr/bin/python-config
sudo ln -s /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/bin/pip3 /usr/bin/pip3
sudo ln -s /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/bin/easy_install-3.4  /usr/bin/easy_install-3.4

6、检验python

➜  / python
Python 3.4.2 (v3.4.2:ab2c023a9432, Oct  5 2014, 20:42:22)
[GCC 4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5666) (dot 3)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>>

检验pip3

➜ / pip3 -V
pip 1.5.6 from /Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/lib/python3.4/site-packages (python 3.4)

检验easy_install-3.4

bogon:~ root# easy_install-3.4  --help

Global options:
  --verbose (-v)  run verbosely (default)
  --quiet (-q)    run quietly (turns verbosity off)
  --dry-run (-n)  don't actually do anything
  --help (-h)     show detailed help message
  --no-user-cfg   ignore pydistutils.cfg in your home directory

Options for 'easy_install' command:
  --prefix                   installation prefix
  --zip-ok (-z)              install package as a zipfile
  --multi-version (-m)       make apps have to require() a version
  --upgrade (-U)             force upgrade (searches PyPI for latest versions)
  --install-dir (-d)         install package to DIR
  --script-dir (-s)          install scripts to DIR
  --exclude-scripts (-x)     Don't install scripts
  --always-copy (-a)         Copy all needed packages to install dir
  --index-url (-i)           base URL of Python Package Index
  --find-links (-f)          additional URL(s) to search for packages
  --build-directory (-b)     download/extract/build in DIR; keep the results
  --optimize (-O)            also compile with optimization: -O1 for "python -
                             O", -O2 for "python -OO", and -O0 to disable
                             [default: -O0]
  --record                   filename in which to record list of installed
                             files
  --always-unzip (-Z)        don't install as a zipfile, no matter what
  --site-dirs (-S)           list of directories where .pth files work
  --editable (-e)            Install specified packages in editable form
  --no-deps (-N)             don't install dependencies
  --allow-hosts (-H)         pattern(s) that hostnames must match
  --local-snapshots-ok (-l)  allow building eggs from local checkouts
  --version                  print version information and exit
  --no-find-links            Don't load find-links defined in packages being
                             installed
  --user                     install in user site-package
                             '/var/root/Library/Python/3.4/lib/python/site-
                             packages'

usage: easy_install-3.4 [options] requirement_or_url ...
   or: easy_install-

 

三、elipse安装python插件

 www.pydev.org/updates

      

勾选第一个

安装完后就多了pydev project

 

四、安装django

下载压缩包https://www.djangoproject.com/download/

解压后再文件夹中有setup.py

执行命令(先切换到root命令下)

4.11

#python setup.py install
............
省略
..........
Installed /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/lib/python3.4/site-packages/Django-1.10.2-py3.4.egg
Processing dependencies for Django==1.10.2
Finished processing dependencies for Django==1.10.2

4.12

➜  bin python
Python 3.4.2 (v3.4.2:ab2c023a9432, Oct  5 2014, 20:42:22)
[GCC 4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5666) (dot 3)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> import django
>>> django.VERSION
(1, 10, 2, 'final', 0)
>>>

4.13

s sudo ln -s /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/lib/python3.4/site-packages/Django-1.10.2-py3.4.egg/EGG-INFO/scripts/django-admin.py /usr/bin/django-admin.py

4.2新建一个工程

#sudo django-admin.py startproject mysite

 

然后将myite 文件夹中的setting.py 数据的NAME改成如下所示(由于现在还没有安装sqlit数据库)

DATABASES = {
    'default': {
        'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3',
        'NAME':'',
    }
}

 

4.3 启动项目

#ls
manage.py mysite
#./manage.py runserver
Performing system checks...

System check identified no issues (0 silenced).
October 08, 2016 - 16:56:36
Django version 1.10.2, using settings 'yuepai.settings'
Starting development server at http://127.0.0.1:8000/
Quit the server with CONTROL-C.

显示效果

 

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