深入分析Kubernetes Critical Pod(四)

原创
2018/07/12 23:55
阅读数 548

摘要:本文分析了DeamonSetController及PriorityClass Validate时,对CriticalPod的所做的特殊处理。

Daemonset Controller对CriticalPod的特殊处理

深入分析Kubernetes Critical Pod系列: 深入分析Kubernetes Critical Pod(一) 深入分析Kubernetes Critical Pod(二) 深入分析Kubernetes Critical Pod(三) 深入分析Kubernetes Critical Pod(四)

在DaemonSetController判断某个node上是否要运行某个DaemonSet时,会调用DaemonSetsController.simulate来分析PredicateFailureReason。

pkg/controller/daemon/daemon_controller.go:1206

func (dsc *DaemonSetsController) simulate(newPod *v1.Pod, node *v1.Node, ds *apps.DaemonSet) ([]algorithm.PredicateFailureReason, *schedulercache.NodeInfo, error) {
	// DaemonSet pods shouldn't be deleted by NodeController in case of node problems.
	// Add infinite toleration for taint notReady:NoExecute here
	// to survive taint-based eviction enforced by NodeController
	// when node turns not ready.
	v1helper.AddOrUpdateTolerationInPod(newPod, &v1.Toleration{
		Key:      algorithm.TaintNodeNotReady,
		Operator: v1.TolerationOpExists,
		Effect:   v1.TaintEffectNoExecute,
	})

	// DaemonSet pods shouldn't be deleted by NodeController in case of node problems.
	// Add infinite toleration for taint unreachable:NoExecute here
	// to survive taint-based eviction enforced by NodeController
	// when node turns unreachable.
	v1helper.AddOrUpdateTolerationInPod(newPod, &v1.Toleration{
		Key:      algorithm.TaintNodeUnreachable,
		Operator: v1.TolerationOpExists,
		Effect:   v1.TaintEffectNoExecute,
	})

	// According to TaintNodesByCondition, all DaemonSet pods should tolerate
	// MemoryPressure and DisPressure taints, and the critical pods should tolerate
	// OutOfDisk taint additional.
	v1helper.AddOrUpdateTolerationInPod(newPod, &v1.Toleration{
		Key:      algorithm.TaintNodeDiskPressure,
		Operator: v1.TolerationOpExists,
		Effect:   v1.TaintEffectNoSchedule,
	})

	v1helper.AddOrUpdateTolerationInPod(newPod, &v1.Toleration{
		Key:      algorithm.TaintNodeMemoryPressure,
		Operator: v1.TolerationOpExists,
		Effect:   v1.TaintEffectNoSchedule,
	})

	// TODO(#48843) OutOfDisk taints will be removed in 1.10
	if utilfeature.DefaultFeatureGate.Enabled(features.ExperimentalCriticalPodAnnotation) &&
		kubelettypes.IsCriticalPod(newPod) {
		v1helper.AddOrUpdateTolerationInPod(newPod, &v1.Toleration{
			Key:      algorithm.TaintNodeOutOfDisk,
			Operator: v1.TolerationOpExists,
			Effect:   v1.TaintEffectNoSchedule,
		})
	}

	...

	_, reasons, err := Predicates(newPod, nodeInfo)
	return reasons, nodeInfo, err
}
  • DeamonSetController会给Pod添加以下Toleratoins,防止Node出现以下Conditions被Node Controller Taint-based eviction杀死。
    • NotReady:NoExecute
    • Unreachable:NoExecute
    • MemoryPressure:NoSchedule
    • DisPressure:NoSchedule
  • 当ExperimentalCriticalPodAnnotation Feature Gate Enable,并且该Pod是CriticalPod时,还会给该Pod加上OutOfDisk:NoSchedule Toleration。

在simulate中,还会像类似scheduler一样,进行Predicates处理。Predicates过程中也对CriticalPod做了区分对待。

pkg/controller/daemon/daemon_controller.go:1413

// Predicates checks if a DaemonSet's pod can be scheduled on a node using GeneralPredicates
// and PodToleratesNodeTaints predicate
func Predicates(pod *v1.Pod, nodeInfo *schedulercache.NodeInfo) (bool, []algorithm.PredicateFailureReason, error) {
	var predicateFails []algorithm.PredicateFailureReason

	// If ScheduleDaemonSetPods is enabled, only check nodeSelector and nodeAffinity.
	if false /*disabled for 1.10*/ && utilfeature.DefaultFeatureGate.Enabled(features.ScheduleDaemonSetPods) {
		fit, reasons, err := nodeSelectionPredicates(pod, nil, nodeInfo)
		if err != nil {
			return false, predicateFails, err
		}
		if !fit {
			predicateFails = append(predicateFails, reasons...)
		}

		return len(predicateFails) == 0, predicateFails, nil
	}

	critical := utilfeature.DefaultFeatureGate.Enabled(features.ExperimentalCriticalPodAnnotation) &&
		kubelettypes.IsCriticalPod(pod)

	fit, reasons, err := predicates.PodToleratesNodeTaints(pod, nil, nodeInfo)
	if err != nil {
		return false, predicateFails, err
	}
	if !fit {
		predicateFails = append(predicateFails, reasons...)
	}
	if critical {
		// If the pod is marked as critical and support for critical pod annotations is enabled,
		// check predicates for critical pods only.
		fit, reasons, err = predicates.EssentialPredicates(pod, nil, nodeInfo)
	} else {
		fit, reasons, err = predicates.GeneralPredicates(pod, nil, nodeInfo)
	}
	if err != nil {
		return false, predicateFails, err
	}
	if !fit {
		predicateFails = append(predicateFails, reasons...)
	}

	return len(predicateFails) == 0, predicateFails, nil
}
  • 如果是CriticalPod,调用predicates.EssentialPredicates,否则调用predicates.GeneralPredicates。
  • 这里的GeneralPredicates与EssentialPredicates有何不同呢?其实GeneralPredicates就是比EssentialPredicates多了noncriticalPredicates处理,也就是Scheduler的Predicate中的PodFitsResources。
pkg/scheduler/algorithm/predicates/predicates.go:1076

// noncriticalPredicates are the predicates that only non-critical pods need
func noncriticalPredicates(pod *v1.Pod, meta algorithm.PredicateMetadata, nodeInfo *schedulercache.NodeInfo) (bool, []algorithm.PredicateFailureReason, error) {
	var predicateFails []algorithm.PredicateFailureReason
	fit, reasons, err := PodFitsResources(pod, meta, nodeInfo)
	if err != nil {
		return false, predicateFails, err
	}
	if !fit {
		predicateFails = append(predicateFails, reasons...)
	}

	return len(predicateFails) == 0, predicateFails, nil
}

因此,对于CriticalPod,DeamonSetController进行Predicate时不会进行PodFitsResources检查。

PriorityClass Validate对CriticalPod的特殊处理

在Kubernetes 1.11中,很重要的个更新就是,Priority和Preemption从alpha升级为Beta了,并且是Enabled by default。

Kubernetes Version Priority and Preemption State Enabled by default
1.8 alpha no
1.9 alpha no
1.10 alpha no
1.11 beta yes

PriorityClass是属于scheduling.k8s.io/v1alpha1GroupVersion的,在client提交创建PriorityClass请求后,写入etcd前,会进行合法性检查(Validate),这其中就有对SystemClusterCritical和SystemNodeCritical两个PriorityClass的特殊对待。

pkg/apis/scheduling/validation/validation.go:30

// ValidatePriorityClass tests whether required fields in the PriorityClass are
// set correctly.
func ValidatePriorityClass(pc *scheduling.PriorityClass) field.ErrorList {
	...
	// If the priorityClass starts with a system prefix, it must be one of the
	// predefined system priority classes.
	if strings.HasPrefix(pc.Name, scheduling.SystemPriorityClassPrefix) {
		if is, err := scheduling.IsKnownSystemPriorityClass(pc); !is {
			allErrs = append(allErrs, field.Forbidden(field.NewPath("metadata", "name"), "priority class names with '"+scheduling.SystemPriorityClassPrefix+"' prefix are reserved for system use only. error: "+err.Error()))
		}
	} 
	...
	return allErrs
}

// IsKnownSystemPriorityClass checks that "pc" is equal to one of the system PriorityClasses.
// It ignores "description", labels, annotations, etc. of the PriorityClass.
func IsKnownSystemPriorityClass(pc *PriorityClass) (bool, error) {
	for _, spc := range systemPriorityClasses {
		if spc.Name == pc.Name {
			if spc.Value != pc.Value {
				return false, fmt.Errorf("value of %v PriorityClass must be %v", spc.Name, spc.Value)
			}
			if spc.GlobalDefault != pc.GlobalDefault {
				return false, fmt.Errorf("globalDefault of %v PriorityClass must be %v", spc.Name, spc.GlobalDefault)
			}
			return true, nil
		}
	}
	return false, fmt.Errorf("%v is not a known system priority class", pc.Name)
}
  • PriorityClass的Validate时,如果PriorityClass's Name是以**system-**为前缀的,那么必须是system-cluster-critical或者system-node-critical之一。否则就会Validate Error,拒绝提交。
  • 如果提交的PriorityClass's Name为system-cluster-critical或者system-node-critical,那么要求globalDefault必须为false,即system-cluster-critical或者system-node-critical不能是全局默认的PriorityClass。

另外,在PriorityClass进行Update时,目前是不允许其Name和Value的,也就是说只能更新Description和globalDefault。

pkg/apis/scheduling/helpers.go:27

// SystemPriorityClasses define system priority classes that are auto-created at cluster bootstrapping.
// Our API validation logic ensures that any priority class that has a system prefix or its value
// is higher than HighestUserDefinablePriority is equal to one of these SystemPriorityClasses.
var systemPriorityClasses = []*PriorityClass{
	{
		ObjectMeta: metav1.ObjectMeta{
			Name: SystemNodeCritical,
		},
		Value:       SystemCriticalPriority + 1000,
		Description: "Used for system critical pods that must not be moved from their current node.",
	},
	{
		ObjectMeta: metav1.ObjectMeta{
			Name: SystemClusterCritical,
		},
		Value:       SystemCriticalPriority,
		Description: "Used for system critical pods that must run in the cluster, but can be moved to another node if necessary.",
	},
}

总结

因此DeamonSetController及PriorityClass Validate时,对CriticalPod的特殊处理总结如下:

  • DaemonSetController会为CriticalPod加上OutOfDisk:NoScheduleToleration。
  • DeamonSetController对于CriticalPod进行Predicate时不会进行PodFitsResources检查。
  • PriorityClass的Validate时,如果PriorityClass's Name是以**system-**为前缀的,那么必须是system-cluster-critical或者system-node-critical之一。否则就会Validate Error,拒绝提交。
  • 如果提交的PriorityClass's Name为system-cluster-critical或者system-node-critical,那么要求globalDefault必须为false,即system-cluster-critical或者system-node-critical不能是全局默认的PriorityClass。
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WaltonWang博主
@十一11 设计之初,就是给集群核心组件高可用部署用的。也不是不能kkubsystem之外ns使用pod优先级足够大,也可以。第一篇博客提到了。
2019/01/13 09:56
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关键pod这个概念为什么不扩展到其他namespace?
2019/01/13 09:41
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