Flask的请求上下文管理

原创
2018/02/22 15:42
阅读数 455

一直想看一下Flask是怎么做请求上下文管理的,直接使用

from flask import request

就是当前的请求了。

简单看一个各个模块的代码:

# flask/__init__.py

......
from .global import current_app, g, request, session, _request_ctx_statck, _app_ctx_stack
......

可以看出,处理上下文的主要在global.py

# flask/global.py

from functools import partial
from werkzeug.local import LocalStack, LocalProxy

......

def _lookup_req_object(name):
	# 从request栈中获得栈顶的request
	top = _request_ctx_stack.top
	if top is None:
		raise RuntimeError(request_ctx_err_msg)
	return getarrt(top, name)

......

# 初始化存放request的栈
_request_ctx_stack = LocalStack()
request = LocalProxy(partial(_lookup_req_object, 'request'))

......

在这里可以看出,request应该就是通过_lookup_req_object函数来每次获取位于栈顶的request。它是通过在werkzeug的LocalProxy中获取栈顶的request然后执行相应的操作

# werkzeug/local.py

......

@implements_bool
class LocalProxy(object):

    __slots__ = ('__local', '__dict__', '__name__', '__wrapped__')

    def __init__(self, local, name=None):
    	 # 一个私有属性 `__local`, 就是传进来的`_lookup_req_object`
        object.__setattr__(self, '_LocalProxy__local', local)
        object.__setattr__(self, '__name__', name)
        if callable(local) and not hasattr(local, '__release_local__'):
            # "local" is a callable that is not an instance of Local or
            # LocalManager: mark it as a wrapped function.
            object.__setattr__(self, '__wrapped__', local)

    def _get_current_object(self):
        """Return the current object.  This is useful if you want the real
        object behind the proxy at a time for performance reasons or because
        you want to pass the object into a different context.
        """
        if not hasattr(self.__local, '__release_local__'):
        	  # 这里会调用`_lookup_req_object`获得栈顶的request
            return self.__local()
        try:
            return getattr(self.__local, self.__name__)
        except AttributeError:
            raise RuntimeError('no object bound to %s' % self.__name__)

    @property
    def __dict__(self):
        try:
            return self._get_current_object().__dict__
        except RuntimeError:
            raise AttributeError('__dict__')

    def __repr__(self):
        try:
            obj = self._get_current_object()
        except RuntimeError:
            return '<%s unbound>' % self.__class__.__name__
        return repr(obj)

    def __bool__(self):
        try:
            return bool(self._get_current_object())
        except RuntimeError:
            return False

    def __unicode__(self):
        try:
            return unicode(self._get_current_object())  # noqa
        except RuntimeError:
            return repr(self)

    def __dir__(self):
        try:
            return dir(self._get_current_object())
        except RuntimeError:
            return []

    def __getattr__(self, name):
        if name == '__members__':
            return dir(self._get_current_object())
        return getattr(self._get_current_object(), name)

    def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        self._get_current_object()[key] = value

    def __delitem__(self, key):
        del self._get_current_object()[key]

    if PY2:
        __getslice__ = lambda x, i, j: x._get_current_object()[i:j]

        def __setslice__(self, i, j, seq):
            self._get_current_object()[i:j] = seq

        def __delslice__(self, i, j):
            del self._get_current_object()[i:j]

    __setattr__ = lambda x, n, v: setattr(x._get_current_object(), n, v)
    __delattr__ = lambda x, n: delattr(x._get_current_object(), n)
    __str__ = lambda x: str(x._get_current_object())
    __lt__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() < o
    __le__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() <= o
    __eq__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() == o
    __ne__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() != o
    __gt__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() > o
    __ge__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() >= o
    __cmp__ = lambda x, o: cmp(x._get_current_object(), o)  # noqa
    __hash__ = lambda x: hash(x._get_current_object())
    __call__ = lambda x, *a, **kw: x._get_current_object()(*a, **kw)
    __len__ = lambda x: len(x._get_current_object())
    __getitem__ = lambda x, i: x._get_current_object()[i]
    __iter__ = lambda x: iter(x._get_current_object())
    __contains__ = lambda x, i: i in x._get_current_object()
    __add__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() + o
    __sub__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() - o
    __mul__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() * o
    __floordiv__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() // o
    __mod__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() % o
    __divmod__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object().__divmod__(o)
    __pow__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() ** o
    __lshift__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() << o
    __rshift__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() >> o
    __and__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() & o
    __xor__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() ^ o
    __or__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object() | o
    __div__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object().__div__(o)
    __truediv__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object().__truediv__(o)
    __neg__ = lambda x: -(x._get_current_object())
    __pos__ = lambda x: +(x._get_current_object())
    __abs__ = lambda x: abs(x._get_current_object())
    __invert__ = lambda x: ~(x._get_current_object())
    __complex__ = lambda x: complex(x._get_current_object())
    __int__ = lambda x: int(x._get_current_object())
    __long__ = lambda x: long(x._get_current_object())  # noqa
    __float__ = lambda x: float(x._get_current_object())
    __oct__ = lambda x: oct(x._get_current_object())
    __hex__ = lambda x: hex(x._get_current_object())
    __index__ = lambda x: x._get_current_object().__index__()
    __coerce__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object().__coerce__(x, o)
    __enter__ = lambda x: x._get_current_object().__enter__()
    __exit__ = lambda x, *a, **kw: x._get_current_object().__exit__(*a, **kw)
    __radd__ = lambda x, o: o + x._get_current_object()
    __rsub__ = lambda x, o: o - x._get_current_object()
    __rmul__ = lambda x, o: o * x._get_current_object()
    __rdiv__ = lambda x, o: o / x._get_current_object()
    if PY2:
        __rtruediv__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object().__rtruediv__(o)
    else:
        __rtruediv__ = __rdiv__
    __rfloordiv__ = lambda x, o: o // x._get_current_object()
    __rmod__ = lambda x, o: o % x._get_current_object()
    __rdivmod__ = lambda x, o: x._get_current_object().__rdivmod__(o)
    __copy__ = lambda x: copy.copy(x._get_current_object())
    __deepcopy__ = lambda x, memo: copy.deepcopy(x._get_current_object(), memo)

......

所以整个流程是:从LocalProxy的实例request(flask/global.py) -> ``LocalProxy_get_current_object(werkzeug/local.py)-> _lookup_req_object(flask/global.py)获得处于栈顶的request`

大概流程就是这样的,其他上下文也是类似的。等有空具体再研究下在哪里将request移除栈顶,和werkzeug的更多代码。

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您好, 请问可以明白@implements_bool装饰器的作用是什么吗?
01/19 17:35
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