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netty 学习 (4)混合使用coder和handler

yaokangjun
 yaokangjun
发布于 2014/06/05 17:34
字数 1276
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该例子模拟一个Server和Client,两者之间通过http协议进行通讯,在Server内部通过一个自定义的StringDecoder把httprequest转换成String。Server端处理完成后,通过StringEncoder把String转换成httpresponse,发送给客户端。具体的处理流程如图所示:


其中红色框中的Decoder、Encoder及request都是Netty框架自带的,灰色框中的三个类是我自己实现的。

引入jar包:

用到的log4j.xml:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE log4j:configuration SYSTEM "log4j.dtd">

<log4j:configuration xmlns:log4j="http://jakarta.apache.org/log4j/">
    <appender name="CONSOLE" class="org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender">
        <layout class="org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout">
            <param name="ConversionPattern" value="[%-5p] [%d] [%t] [%c] %m%n"/>
        </layout>
    </appender>
    
    <appender name="FILE" class="org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender">
        <param name="File" value="./log/netty.log"/>
        <layout class="org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout">
            <param name="ConversionPattern" value="[%-5p] [%d] [%t] [%c] %m%n"/>
        </layout>
    </appender>
    
    <appender name="FILE_ERR" class="org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender">
        <param name="File" value="./log/netty_err.log"/>
        <param name="Threshold" value="ERROR" />
        <layout class="org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout">
            <param name="ConversionPattern" value="[%-5p] [%d] [%t] [%c] %m%n"/>
        </layout>
    </appender>	    
    
	<logger name="io.netty" additivity="false">
		<level value="INFO,DEBUG" />
		<appender-ref ref="FILE" />
		<appender-ref ref="FILE_ERR" />
		<appender-ref ref="CONSOLE" />
	</logger>
	<logger name="com.yao" additivity="false">
		<level value="INFO,DEBUG" />
		<appender-ref ref="FILE" />
		<appender-ref ref="FILE_ERR" />
		<appender-ref ref="CONSOLE" />
	</logger>
    
    <root>
    	
      <level value="debug"/>
        <appender-ref ref="FILE"/>
        <appender-ref ref="CONSOLE"/>
        <appender-ref ref="FILE_ERR" />
    </root>

</log4j:configuration>



Server端的类有:Server StringDecoder BusinessHandler StringEncoder四个类。

1、Server 启动netty服务,并注册handler、coder,注意注册的顺序:

package com.yao.codehandler;

import io.netty.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioServerSocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpRequestDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseEncoder;

// 测试coder 和 handler 的混合使用
public class Server {
	public void start(int port) throws Exception {
		EventLoopGroup bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup(); 
		EventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
		try {
			ServerBootstrap b = new ServerBootstrap(); 
			b.group(bossGroup, workerGroup).channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class) 
					.childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() { 
								@Override
								public void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
									// 都属于ChannelOutboundHandler,逆序执行
									ch.pipeline().addLast(new HttpResponseEncoder());
									ch.pipeline().addLast(new StringEncoder());
									
									// 都属于ChannelIntboundHandler,按照顺序执行
									ch.pipeline().addLast(new HttpRequestDecoder());
									ch.pipeline().addLast(new StringDecoder());
									ch.pipeline().addLast(new BusinessHandler());
								}
							}).option(ChannelOption.SO_BACKLOG, 128) 
					.childOption(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, true); 

			ChannelFuture f = b.bind(port).sync(); 

			f.channel().closeFuture().sync();
		} finally {
			workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
			bossGroup.shutdownGracefully();
		}
	}

	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
		Server server = new Server();
		server.start(8000);
	}
}



2、StringDecoder 把httpRequest转换成String,其中ByteBufToBytes是一个工具类,负责对ByteBuf中的数据进行读取

package com.yao.codehandler;

import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpContent;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpHeaders;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpRequest;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;

public class StringDecoder extends ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter {
	private static Log	logger	= LogFactory.getLog(StringDecoder.class);
	private ByteBufToBytes	reader;

	@Override
	public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception {
		logger.info("StringDecoder : msg's type is " + msg.getClass());
		if (msg instanceof HttpRequest) {
			HttpRequest request = (HttpRequest) msg;
			reader = new ByteBufToBytes((int) HttpHeaders.getContentLength(request));
		}

		if (msg instanceof HttpContent) {
			HttpContent content = (HttpContent) msg;
			reader.reading(content.content());

			if (reader.isEnd()) {
				byte[] clientMsg = reader.readFull();
				logger.info("StringDecoder : change httpcontent to string ");
				ctx.fireChannelRead(new String(clientMsg));
			}
		}
	}

}



3、BusinessHandler 具体处理业务的类,把客户端的请求打印出来,并向客户端发送信息

package com.yao.codehandler;

import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;

public class BusinessHandler extends ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter {
	private Log	logger	= LogFactory.getLog(BusinessHandler.class);

	@Override
	public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception {
		String clientMsg = "client said : " + (String) msg;
		logger.info("BusinessHandler read msg from client :" + clientMsg);
		ctx.write("I am very OK!");
	}

	@Override
	public void channelReadComplete(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
		ctx.flush();
	}
}



4、StringEncoder 把字符串转换成HttpResponse

package com.yao.codehandler;

import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpHeaders.Names.CONNECTION;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpHeaders.Names.CONTENT_LENGTH;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpHeaders.Names.CONTENT_TYPE;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseStatus.OK;
import static io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1;
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOutboundHandlerAdapter;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelPromise;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.DefaultFullHttpResponse;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.FullHttpResponse;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpHeaders.Values;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;

// 把String转换成httpResponse
public class StringEncoder extends ChannelOutboundHandlerAdapter {
	private Log	logger	= LogFactory.getLog(StringEncoder.class);

	@Override
	public void write(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg, ChannelPromise promise) throws Exception {
		logger.info("StringEncoder response to client.");
		String serverMsg = (String) msg;

		FullHttpResponse response = new DefaultFullHttpResponse(HTTP_1_1, OK, Unpooled.wrappedBuffer(serverMsg
				.getBytes()));
		response.headers().set(CONTENT_TYPE, "text/plain");
		response.headers().set(CONTENT_LENGTH, response.content().readableBytes());
		response.headers().set(CONNECTION, Values.KEEP_ALIVE);
		ctx.write(response);
		ctx.flush();
	}
}



Client端有两个类:Client ClientInitHandler
1、Client 与Server端建立连接,并向Server端发送HttpRequest请求。

package com.yao.codehandler;

import io.netty.bootstrap.Bootstrap;
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioSocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.DefaultFullHttpRequest;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpHeaders;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpMethod;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpRequestEncoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpVersion;

import java.net.URI;


public class Client {
	public void connect(String host, int port) throws Exception {
		EventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();

		try {
			Bootstrap b = new Bootstrap(); 
			b.group(workerGroup); 
			b.channel(NioSocketChannel.class); 
			b.option(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, true); 
			b.handler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
				@Override
				public void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
					ch.pipeline().addLast(new HttpResponseDecoder());
					ch.pipeline().addLast(new HttpRequestEncoder());
					ch.pipeline().addLast(new ClientInitHandler());
				}
			});

			// Start the client.
			ChannelFuture f = b.connect(host, port).sync();

			URI uri = new URI("http://127.0.0.1:8000");
			String msg = "Are you ok?";
			DefaultFullHttpRequest request = new DefaultFullHttpRequest(HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1, HttpMethod.POST,
					uri.toASCIIString(), Unpooled.wrappedBuffer(msg.getBytes()));

			request.headers().set(HttpHeaders.Names.HOST, host);
			request.headers().set(HttpHeaders.Names.CONNECTION, HttpHeaders.Values.KEEP_ALIVE);
			request.headers().set(HttpHeaders.Names.CONTENT_LENGTH, request.content().readableBytes());
			f.channel().write(request);
			f.channel().flush();
			f.channel().closeFuture().sync();
		} finally {
			workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
		}

	}

	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
		Client client = new Client();
		client.connect("127.0.0.1", 8000);
	}
}



2、ClientInitHandler 从Server端读取响应信息

package com.yao.codehandler;

import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpContent;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpHeaders;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponse;


public class ClientInitHandler extends ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter {
	private ByteBufToBytes	reader;

	@Override
	public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception {
		if (msg instanceof HttpResponse) {
			HttpResponse response = (HttpResponse) msg;
			if (HttpHeaders.isContentLengthSet(response)) {
				reader = new ByteBufToBytes((int) HttpHeaders.getContentLength(response));
			}
		}

		if (msg instanceof HttpContent) {
			HttpContent httpContent = (HttpContent) msg;
			ByteBuf content = httpContent.content();
			reader.reading(content);
			content.release();

			if (reader.isEnd()) {
				String resultStr = new String(reader.readFull());
				System.out.println("Server said:" + resultStr);
			}
		}
	}

	@Override
	public void channelReadComplete(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
		ctx.close();
	}

}



工具类:ByteBufToBytes 对ByteBuf的数据进行读取,支持流式读取(reading 和 readFull方法结合使用)
ByteBufToBytes 

package com.yao.codehandler;

import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;

public class ByteBufToBytes {
	private ByteBuf	temp;

	private boolean	end	= true;

	public ByteBufToBytes() {}

	public ByteBufToBytes(int length) {
		temp = Unpooled.buffer(length);
	}

	public void reading(ByteBuf datas) {
		datas.readBytes(temp, datas.readableBytes());
		if (this.temp.writableBytes() != 0) {
			end = false;
		} else {
			end = true;
		}
	}

	public boolean isEnd() {
		return end;
	}

	public byte[] readFull() {
		if (end) {
			byte[] contentByte = new byte[this.temp.readableBytes()];
			this.temp.readBytes(contentByte);
			this.temp.release();
			return contentByte;
		} else {
			return null;
		}
	}

	public byte[] read(ByteBuf datas) {
		byte[] bytes = new byte[datas.readableBytes()];
		datas.readBytes(bytes);
		return bytes;
	}
}



通过该实例证明,Encoder、Decoder的本质也是Handler,它们的执行顺序、使用方法与Handler保持一致。

执行顺序是:Encoder 先注册的后执行,与OutboundHandler一致;Decoder是先注册的先执行,与InboundHandler一致。


本文转载自:http://blog.csdn.net/u013252773/article/details/21564301

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