GreenMail邮件测试服务器
GreenMail邮件测试服务器
JackieYeah 发表于2年前
GreenMail邮件测试服务器
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1、GreenMail简介 
       GreenMail是一个用于测试的、开源的、直观的和易于使用的邮件服务器测试套件。它支持 SMTP、POP3、IMAP 等。它还为JBoss提供GreenMail服务。
        GreenMail是第一个并且是唯一的一个为从Java 接收 和检索 电子邮件 提供 测试框架的库 。主页:http://www.icegreen.com/greenmail/。

2、GreenMail在实际项目中的使用
      (1)项目的POM文件:
      <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<groupId>com.jackie.codeproject.account</groupId>
<artifactId>account-email</artifactId>
<version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
<packaging>jar</packaging>
<name>account-email</name>
<url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

<properties>
<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
<spring.version>3.2.2.RELEASE</spring.version>
</properties>

<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
<version>${spring.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
<version>${spring.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
<version>${spring.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
<version>${spring.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>javax.mail</groupId>
<artifactId>mail</artifactId>
<version>1.5.0-b01</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>junit</groupId>
<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
<version>4.11</version>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>com.icegreen</groupId>
<artifactId>greenmail</artifactId>
<version>1.3.1b</version>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
<configuration>
<source>1.5</source>
<target>1.5</target>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>
    </project>
    (2) 邮件发送接口:
    /*
     * Copyright 2013-2015
     */
    package com.jackie.codeproject.account.email;

/**
  * Title: AccountEmailService.java
  *  邮件接口
  * 
  * @author jackie
  * @since Mar 30, 2013 5:58:07 PM
  * @version V1.0
  */
public interface AccountEmailService {

    /**
      * 发送邮件方法
      * @author jackie  
      * @date Mar 30, 2013
      * @param to
      * @param subject
      * @param htmlText
      * @throws Exception    
      * @return void   
      */
    void sendEmail(String to, String subject, String htmlText) throws AccountEmailException;
}
 (2) 邮件发送接口实现类:
/*
 * Copyright 2013-2015
 */
package com.jackie.codeproject.account.email;

import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;

import org.springframework.mail.javamail.JavaMailSender;
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.MimeMessageHelper;

/**
  * Title: AccountEmailServiceImpl.java
  *  邮件发送的实现类
  * 
  * @author jackie
  * @since Mar 30, 2013 6:11:40 PM
  * @version V1.0
  */
public class AccountEmailServiceImpl implements AccountEmailService {

    /**
      * @Fields javaMailSender : 简化邮件发送的工具类
      */
    private JavaMailSender javaMailSender;

    /**
      * @Fields systemEmail : 系统邮箱账号
      */
    private String systemEmail;

    public void sendEmail(String to, String subject, String htmlText) throws AccountEmailException{
        try {
            // 使用javaMailSender创建一个MimeMessage msg,对应了将要发送的邮件
            MimeMessage msg = javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();
            // 通过MimeMessage创建一个MimeMessageHelper msgHelper
            MimeMessageHelper msgHelper = new MimeMessageHelper(msg);
            // 使用MimeMessageHelper设置邮件的发送地址、收件地址、主题以及内容
            msgHelper.setFrom(systemEmail);
            msgHelper.setTo(to);
            msgHelper.setSubject(subject);
            msgHelper.setText(htmlText, true);
            // 发送邮件
            javaMailSender.send(msg);
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            throw new AccountEmailException("Failed to send email.", e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @return the javaMailSender
     */
    public JavaMailSender getJavaMailSender() {
        return javaMailSender;
    }

    /**
     * @param javaMailSender
     *            the javaMailSender to set
     */
    public void setJavaMailSender(JavaMailSender javaMailSender) {
        this.javaMailSender = javaMailSender;
    }

    /**
     * @return the systemEmail
     */
    public String getSystemEmail() {
        return systemEmail;
    }

    /**
     * @param systemEmail
     *            the systemEmail to set
     */
    public void setSystemEmail(String systemEmail) {
        this.systemEmail = systemEmail;
    }
}

(4)自定义异常类:
/*
 * Copyright 2013-2015
 */
package com.jackie.codeproject.account.email;

/**
 * Title: AccountEmailException.java 自定义邮件异常
 * 
 * @author jackie
 * @since Mar 30, 2013 6:01:31 PM
 * @version V1.0
 */
public class AccountEmailException extends Exception {

    /**
     * @Fields serialVersionUID
     */
    private static final long serialVersionUID = -5399025975888079256L;

    /**
     * 错误消息
     */
    private String message;

    public AccountEmailException(String message) {
        this.message = message;
    }

    public AccountEmailException(String message, Throwable throwable) {
        super(message, throwable);
    }

    /**
     * @return the message
     */
    public String getMessage() {
        return message;
    }

    /**
     * @param message
     *            the message to set
     */
    public void setMessage(String message) {
        this.message = message;
    }
}
(5)Spring配置文件account-email.xml:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd">
<bean id="propertyConfigurer"
class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">
<property name="location" value="classpath:email.properties"></property>
</bean>

<bean id="javaMailSender" class="org.springframework.mail.javamail.JavaMailSenderImpl">
<property name="protocol" value="${email.protocol}"></property>
<property name="host" value="${email.host}"></property>
<property name="port" value="${email.port}"></property>
<property name="username" value="${email.username}"></property>
<property name="password" value="${email.password}"></property>
<property name="javaMailProperties">
<props>
<prop key="mail.${email.protocol}.auth">${email.auth}</prop>
</props>
</property>
</bean>

<bean id="accountEmailService" class="com.jackie.codeproject.account.email.AccountEmailServiceImpl">
<property name="javaMailSender" ref="javaMailSender">
</property>
<property name="systemEmail" value="${email.systemEmail}"></property>
</bean>
</beans>
(6)属性文件email.properties:
#协议
email.protocol=smtp
#服务器
email.host=localhost
#端口
email.port=25
#用户名
email.username=test@gmail.com
#密码
email.password=123456
#服务器需要用户名和密码进行认证
email.auth=true
#系统邮箱
email.systemEmail=jackie@sina.com
(7)测试类:
/*
 * Copyright 2013-2015
 */
package com.jackie.codeproject.account.email;

import static org.junit.Assert.*;

import javax.mail.Message;

import org.junit.After;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

import com.icegreen.greenmail.util.GreenMail;
import com.icegreen.greenmail.util.GreenMailUtil;
import com.icegreen.greenmail.util.ServerSetup;

/**
 * Title: AccountEmailServiceTest.java 邮件服务测试类
 * 
 * @author jackie
 * @since Mar 30, 2013 6:13:14 PM
 * @version V1.0
 */
public class AccountEmailServiceTest {

    private GreenMail greenMail;

    private ApplicationContext applicationContext;

    /**
     * 启动邮件服务器
     * 
     * @author jackie
     * @date Mar 30, 2013
     * @throws Exception
     * @return void
     */
    @Before
    public void setUp() throws Exception {
        greenMail = new GreenMail(ServerSetup.SMTP);
        greenMail.setUser("test@gmail.com", "123456");
        greenMail.start();
    }

    /**
     * Test method for
     * {@link com.jackie.codeproject.account.email.AccountEmailService#sendEmail(java.lang.String, java.lang.String, java.lang.String)}
     * 
     */
    @Test
    public void testSendEmail() throws Exception {
        applicationContext = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("account-email.xml");
        AccountEmailService accountEmailService = (AccountEmailService) applicationContext.getBean("accountEmailService");
        String subject = "Test Subject";
        String htmlText = "<h3> Test </h3>";

        accountEmailService.sendEmail("test2@gmail.com", subject, htmlText);

        greenMail.waitForIncomingEmail(2000, 1);
        Message[] msgs = greenMail.getReceivedMessages();
        assertEquals(1, msgs.length);
        assertEquals(subject, msgs[0].getSubject());
        assertEquals(htmlText, GreenMailUtil.getBody(msgs[0]).trim());
    }

    /**
     * 关闭邮件服务器
     * 
     * @author jackie
     * @date Mar 30, 2013
     * @throws Exception
     * @return void
     */
    @After
    public void tearDown() throws Exception {
        greenMail.stop();
    }
}



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