Mac下RabbitMQ搭建和管理
Mac下RabbitMQ搭建和管理
冷记忆 发表于1年前
Mac下RabbitMQ搭建和管理
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1、安装

在Mac下安装RabbitMQ是非常简单的,一般默认RabbitMQ服务器依赖的Erlang已经安装,只需要用下面两个命令就可以完成RabbitMQ的安装(前提是homebrew已经被安装):

brew update
brew install rabbitmq
 
安装完成后需要将/usr/local/sbin添加到$PATH,可以将下面这两行加到~/.bash_profile或者~/.profile:
 
# RabbitMQ Config
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin
 
在Windows下安装稍微麻烦些,需要先安装ErLang,然后下载RabbitMQ可执行文件安装
 
2、启动RabbitMQ服务
    上面配置完成后,需要关闭终端窗口,重新打开,然后输入下面命令即可启动RabbitMQ服务:

rabbitmq-server
 
可以在后面加-detatched选项参数表示以守护进程方式启动
 
3、命令行管理RabbitMQ
    RabbitMQ提供了rabbitmqctl和rabbitmqadmin命令行管理工具,它们都是RabbitMQ的插件,可以通过rabbitmq-plugins list查看所有插件信息。rabbitmqctl的完整命令列表如下:

stop [<pid_file>]
    stop_app
    start_app
    wait <pid_file>
    reset
    force_reset
    rotate_logs <suffix>
 
    join_cluster <clusternode> [--ram]
    cluster_status
    change_cluster_node_type disc | ram
    forget_cluster_node [--offline]
    update_cluster_nodes clusternode
    sync_queue queue
    cancel_sync_queue queue
 
    add_user <username> <password>
    delete_user <username>
    change_password <username> <newpassword>
    clear_password <username>
    set_user_tags <username> <tag> ...
    list_users
 
    add_vhost <vhostpath>
    delete_vhost <vhostpath>
    list_vhosts [<vhostinfoitem> ...]
    set_permissions [-p <vhostpath>] <user> <conf> <write> <read>
    clear_permissions [-p <vhostpath>] <username>
    list_permissions [-p <vhostpath>]
    list_user_permissions <username>
 
    set_parameter [-p <vhostpath>] <component_name> <name> <value>
    clear_parameter [-p <vhostpath>] <component_name> <key>
    list_parameters [-p <vhostpath>]
 
    set_policy [-p <vhostpath>] [--priority <priority>] [--apply-to <apply-to>]
<name> <pattern>  <definition>
    clear_policy [-p <vhostpath>] <name>
    list_policies [-p <vhostpath>]
 
    list_queues [-p <vhostpath>] [<queueinfoitem> ...]
    list_exchanges [-p <vhostpath>] [<exchangeinfoitem> ...]
    list_bindings [-p <vhostpath>] [<bindinginfoitem> ...]
    list_connections [<connectioninfoitem> ...]
    list_channels [<channelinfoitem> ...]
    list_consumers [-p <vhostpath>]
    status
    environment
    report
    eval <expr>
 
    close_connection <connectionpid> <explanation>
    trace_on [-p <vhost>]
    trace_off [-p <vhost>]
    set_vm_memory_high_watermark <fraction>
 
    start_app、stop_app分别是启动和停止RabbitMQ应用。其他的list_queues、list_exchanges等是显示RabbitMQ队列、RabbitMQ交换机信息。
    rabbitmqadmin的完整命令列表如下(Mac下安装好了就带了这个命令,Windows下貌似还需要从http://server-name:15672/cli/下载,并可能需要通过rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq management启用这个插件):

Usage
=====
  rabbitmqadmin [options] subcommand
 
  where subcommand is one of:
 
Options
=======
--help, -h              show this help message and exit
--config=CONFIG, -c CONFIG
                        configuration file [default: ~/.rabbitmqadmin.conf]
--node=NODE, -N NODE    node described in the configuration file [default:
                        'default' only if configuration file is specified]
--host=HOST, -H HOST    connect to host HOST [default: localhost]
--port=PORT, -P PORT    connect to port PORT [default: 15672]
--vhost=VHOST, -V VHOST
                        connect to vhost VHOST [default: all vhosts for list,
                        '/' for declare]
--username=USERNAME, -u USERNAME
                        connect using username USERNAME [default: guest]
--password=PASSWORD, -p PASSWORD
                        connect using password PASSWORD [default: guest]
--quiet, -q            suppress status messages [default: True]
--ssl, -s              connect with ssl [default: False]
--ssl-key-file=SSL_KEY_FILE
                        PEM format key file for SSL
--ssl-cert-file=SSL_CERT_FILE
                        PEM format certificate file for SSL
--format=FORMAT, -f FORMAT
                        format for listing commands - one of [raw_json, long,
                        pretty_json, kvp, tsv, table, bash] [default: table]
--sort=SORT, -S SORT    sort key for listing queries
--sort-reverse, -R      reverse the sort order
--depth=DEPTH, -d DEPTH
                        maximum depth to recurse for listing tables [default:
                        1]
--bash-completion      Print bash completion script [default: False]
--version              Display version and exit
 
Display
=======
 
  list users [<column>...]
  list vhosts [<column>...]
  list connections [<column>...]
  list exchanges [<column>...]
  list bindings [<column>...]
  list permissions [<column>...]
  list channels [<column>...]
  list parameters [<column>...]
  list queues [<column>...]
  list policies [<column>...]
  list nodes [<column>...]
  show overview [<column>...]
 
Object Manipulation
===================
 
  declare queue name=... [node=... auto_delete=... durable=... arguments=...]
  declare vhost name=... [tracing=...]
  declare user name=... password=... tags=...
  declare exchange name=... type=... [auto_delete=... internal=... durable=... arguments=...]
  declare policy name=... pattern=... definition=... [priority=... apply-to=...]
  declare parameter component=... name=... value=...
  declare permission vhost=... user=... configure=... write=... read=...
  declare binding source=... destination=... [arguments=... routing_key=... destination_type=...]
  delete queue name=...
  delete vhost name=...
  delete user name=...
  delete exchange name=...
  delete policy name=...
  delete parameter component=... name=...
  delete permission vhost=... user=...
  delete binding source=... destination_type=... destination=... properties_key=...
  close connection name=...
  purge queue name=...
 
Broker Definitions
==================
 
  export <file>
  import <file>
 
Publishing and Consuming
========================
 
  publish routing_key=... [payload=... payload_encoding=... exchange=...]
  get queue=... [count=... requeue=... payload_file=... encoding=...]
 
  * If payload is not specified on publish, standard input is used
 
  * If payload_file is not specified on get, the payload will be shown on
    standard output along with the message metadata
 
  * If payload_file is specified on get, count must not be set

4、Web界面管理RabbitMQ

    默认可以通过http://serverip:15672访问RabbitMQ的Web管理界面,默认用户名密码都是guest。(注意:RabbitMQ 3.0之前的版本默认端口是55672,下同) 

5、RabbitMQ提供的HTTP API接口

    RabbitMQ还提供了HTTP API接口,这样可以通过编程方式监控RabbitMQ的运行状态,HTTP API接口的地址为:http://serverip:15672/api/

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