jib打包docker镜像实战

原创
2018/08/26 23:25
阅读数 831

本文主要研究一下如何使用google的jib打包docker镜像

maven

			<plugin>
				<groupId>com.google.cloud.tools</groupId>
				<artifactId>jib-maven-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>0.9.9</version>
			</plugin>

配置

	<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
		<project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
		<java.version>1.8</java.version>
		<maven.build.timestamp.format>yyyyMMdd</maven.build.timestamp.format>
	</properties>


	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
			</plugin>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>com.google.cloud.tools</groupId>
				<artifactId>jib-maven-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>0.9.9</version>
				<configuration>
					<container>
						<jvmFlags>
							<jvmFlag>-Xms512m</jvmFlag>
						</jvmFlags>
						<ports>
							<port>8080</port>
						</ports>
						<useCurrentTimestamp>true</useCurrentTimestamp>
					</container>
					<from>
						<image>java:8u172-jre-alpine</image>
					</from>
					<to>
						<image>jib-demo:${maven.build.timestamp}</image>
					</to>
					<allowInsecureRegistries>true</allowInsecureRegistries>
					<extraDirectory>${project.basedir}/src/main/jib</extraDirectory>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>
  • 这里指定base image为java:8u172-jre-alpine
  • 同时指定生成的image名称为jib-demo:${maven.build.timestamp}
  • container标签可以指定相关参数,比如jvmFlags指定JVM参数,ports指定expose的端口号
  • extraDirectory用于指定要添加的目录,默认为${project.basedir}/src/main/jib,即该目录下的文件夹会在docker镜像里头同步创建,目录层级关系以jib下目录层级关系为准。比如该目录下有app/resources/demo.txt,则对应该镜像目录为/app/resources/demo.txt

打包

mvn compile jib:dockerBuild -X
  • 使用jib:dockerBuild是在本地打包镜像,不push到远程,-X参数是显示debug信息
  • 如果使用jib:build命令,则打包之后push到远程

输出日志实例:

[DEBUG] TIMING	Building image to Docker daemon
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Building image to Docker daemon
[INFO] Getting base image java:8u172-jre-alpine...
[DEBUG] TIMING	Pulling base image manifest
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Pulling base image manifest
[DEBUG] TIMING	Building application layers
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Building application layers
[INFO] Building dependencies layer...
[DEBUG] TIMING	Building dependencies layer
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Building dependencies layer
[INFO] Building resources layer...
[DEBUG] TIMING	Building resources layer
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Building resources layer
[INFO] Building classes layer...
[DEBUG] TIMING	Building classes layer
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Building classes layer
[INFO] Building extra files layer...
[DEBUG] TIMING	Building extra files layer
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Building extra files layer
[DEBUG] TIMED	Building application layers : 3.498 ms
[DEBUG] Building application layers : 3.498 ms
[DEBUG] Building extra files layer built sha256:0a9321c621ee2c138d9a93f4ba47f825e20dd7aca0e9206f30bf560122fdaa31
[DEBUG] Building resources layer built sha256:933116c8da4db70000355b750af2f3b5c4545e74db7b5eb0a5e37689ef86d44f
[DEBUG] Building classes layer built sha256:a99dbde7d015ba3d15b9265ac38f6536d65b00dd2a864b7003a34742f483939b
[DEBUG] TIMED	Building extra files layer : 33.718 ms
[DEBUG] TIMED	Building classes layer : 33.901 ms
[DEBUG] Building extra files layer : 33.718 ms
[DEBUG] TIMED	Building resources layer : 34.062 ms
[DEBUG] Building resources layer : 34.062 ms
[DEBUG] Building classes layer : 33.901 ms
[DEBUG] Building dependencies layer built sha256:a19961ec08095eb70ca3a070945223dcf51500a255a745272276139bf0a29f4e
[DEBUG] TIMED	Building dependencies layer : 1047.83 ms
[DEBUG] Building dependencies layer : 1047.83 ms
[INFO] The base image requires auth. Trying again for java:8u172-jre-alpine...
//......
[DEBUG] TIMED	Pulling base image manifest : 8959.891 ms
[DEBUG] Pulling base image manifest : 8959.891 ms
[DEBUG] TIMING	Setting up base image caching
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Setting up base image caching
[DEBUG] TIMED	Setting up base image caching : 0.824 ms
[DEBUG] Setting up base image caching : 0.824 ms
[DEBUG] TIMING	Pulling base image layer sha256:500c0ac4cdc58aee9a008e70466eeec8a4b74b25c29d003764635d2fe1b42827
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Pulling base image layer sha256:500c0ac4cdc58aee9a008e70466eeec8a4b74b25c29d003764635d2fe1b42827
[DEBUG] TIMING	Pulling base image layer sha256:aa38cd8c77d7320c7489327775e074580db5f23467198aab3e79c7db5cdfbdca
[DEBUG] TIMING	Pulling base image layer sha256:cb56d62302ec31640b40ca15843e7af6be145966a1064c78ea7afd6f10ce49e6
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Pulling base image layer sha256:cb56d62302ec31640b40ca15843e7af6be145966a1064c78ea7afd6f10ce49e6
[DEBUG] TIMING	Pulling base image layer sha256:ff3a5c916c92643ff77519ffa742d3ec61b7f591b6b7504599d95a4a41134e28
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Pulling base image layer sha256:ff3a5c916c92643ff77519ffa742d3ec61b7f591b6b7504599d95a4a41134e28
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Pulling base image layer sha256:aa38cd8c77d7320c7489327775e074580db5f23467198aab3e79c7db5cdfbdca
[DEBUG] TIMED	Pulling base image layer sha256:500c0ac4cdc58aee9a008e70466eeec8a4b74b25c29d003764635d2fe1b42827 : 612.524 ms
[DEBUG] Pulling base image layer sha256:500c0ac4cdc58aee9a008e70466eeec8a4b74b25c29d003764635d2fe1b42827 : 612.524 ms
[DEBUG] TIMED	Pulling base image layer sha256:ff3a5c916c92643ff77519ffa742d3ec61b7f591b6b7504599d95a4a41134e28 : 9985.702 ms
[DEBUG] Pulling base image layer sha256:ff3a5c916c92643ff77519ffa742d3ec61b7f591b6b7504599d95a4a41134e28 : 9985.702 ms
[DEBUG] TIMED	Pulling base image layer sha256:aa38cd8c77d7320c7489327775e074580db5f23467198aab3e79c7db5cdfbdca : 27267.144 ms
[DEBUG] Pulling base image layer sha256:aa38cd8c77d7320c7489327775e074580db5f23467198aab3e79c7db5cdfbdca : 27267.144 ms
[DEBUG] TIMED	Pulling base image layer sha256:cb56d62302ec31640b40ca15843e7af6be145966a1064c78ea7afd6f10ce49e6 : 54734.971 ms
[DEBUG] Pulling base image layer sha256:cb56d62302ec31640b40ca15843e7af6be145966a1064c78ea7afd6f10ce49e6 : 54734.971 ms
[DEBUG] TIMING	Building container configuration
[DEBUG] RUNNING	Building container configuration
[INFO] Finalizing...
[DEBUG] TIMED	Building container configuration : 0.462 ms
[DEBUG] Building container configuration : 0.462 ms
[INFO] Loading to Docker daemon...
[DEBUG] TIMED	Building image to Docker daemon : 65862.956 ms
[DEBUG] Building image to Docker daemon : 65862.956 ms
[INFO]
[INFO] Container entrypoint set to [java, -Xms512m, -cp, /app/resources/:/app/classes/:/app/libs/*, com.example.JibDemoApplication]
[INFO]
[INFO] Built image to Docker daemon as jib-demo:20180826
[INFO]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 01:07 min
[INFO] Finished at: 2018-08-26T21:38:11+08:00
[INFO] Final Memory: 26M/493M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

查看镜像

docker inspect jib-demo:20180826
[
    {
        "Id": "sha256:7554492dde84091bc6d015b29ec4bf854bb841b9ec4d8f7bef8b51a8ec59ef94",
        "RepoTags": [
            "jib-demo:20180826"
        ],
        "RepoDigests": [],
        "Parent": "",
        "Comment": "",
        "Created": "2018-08-26T13:37:05.65Z",
        "Container": "",
        "ContainerConfig": {
            "Hostname": "",
            "Domainname": "",
            "User": "",
            "AttachStdin": false,
            "AttachStdout": false,
            "AttachStderr": false,
            "Tty": false,
            "OpenStdin": false,
            "StdinOnce": false,
            "Env": null,
            "Cmd": null,
            "Image": "",
            "Volumes": null,
            "WorkingDir": "",
            "Entrypoint": null,
            "OnBuild": null,
            "Labels": null
        },
        "DockerVersion": "",
        "Author": "",
        "Config": {
            "Hostname": "",
            "Domainname": "",
            "User": "",
            "AttachStdin": false,
            "AttachStdout": false,
            "AttachStderr": false,
            "ExposedPorts": {
                "8080/tcp": {}
            },
            "Tty": false,
            "OpenStdin": false,
            "StdinOnce": false,
            "Env": [
                "PATH=/opt/jdk1.8.0_172/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin",
                "JAVA_HOME=/opt/jdk1.8.0_172"
            ],
            "Cmd": [],
            "Image": "",
            "Volumes": null,
            "WorkingDir": "",
            "Entrypoint": [
                "java",
                "-Xms512m",
                "-cp",
                "/app/resources/:/app/classes/:/app/libs/*",
                "com.example.JibDemoApplication"
            ],
            "OnBuild": null,
            "Labels": {}
        },
        "Architecture": "amd64",
        "Os": "linux",
        "Size": 186079594,
        "VirtualSize": 186079594,
        "GraphDriver": {
            "Data": null,
            "Name": "aufs"
        },
        "RootFS": {
            "Type": "layers",
            "Layers": [
                "sha256:cd7100a72410606589a54b932cabd804a17f9ae5b42a1882bd56d263e02b6215",
                "sha256:317e0b42ef29551507adc792c2dbc389af85c5d68900cf0f08abe907cbd4e199",
                "sha256:d6fd5302a9ee64c43b46153e9678153819d6d0e247381acbbe6cbe6ed9de0366",
                "sha256:417c6bd0930eb69d17ae5d601898a6a012900ca33c69e612840a3042b2451cbb",
                "sha256:8309a5eed5158c5639acb664312ddc7027a2ecb172744f548d6d9fb5f918a744",
                "sha256:6ef8c795d7a5e2a07f51d572a90b820e089f89adf30798193f4f3f410a261415",
                "sha256:9990447f3d37e3f2dc70718d0ea6602cf7843091d8bbe395f552c9c5dd10551c",
                "sha256:ff7910aaeee962d1d86e00742030378a2758da59d8c8cda3fe44314bbddd8081"
            ]
        },
        "Metadata": {
            "LastTagTime": "0001-01-01T00:00:00Z"
        }
    }
]
  • 可以看到java -cp指定了/app/libs/、/app/resources/、/app/classes/这三个文件夹

小结

jib默认执行如下操作

COPY libs /app/libs/
COPY resources /app/resources/
COPY classes /app/classes/

也就是将libs拷贝到/app/libs,将resources拷贝到/app/resources,将classes拷贝到/app/classes.

doc

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