文档章节

Java HotSpot VM Options

giianhui
 giianhui
发布于 2016/05/27 11:19
字数 1897
阅读 5
收藏 0
 This document provides information on typical command-line options and environment variables that can affect the performance characteristics of the Java HotSpot Virtual Machine. Unless otherwise noted, all information in this document pertains to both the Java HotSpot Client VM and the Java HotSpot Server VM.

Users of JDKs older than 1.3.0 who wish to port to a Java HotSpot VM, should see
Java HotSpot Equivalents of Exact VM flags . 

Categories of Java HotSpot VM Options

 

Standard options recognized by the Java HotSpot VM are described on the Java Application Launcher reference pages for Windows, Solaris and Linux. This document deals exclusively with non-standard options recognized by the Java HotSpot VM:

  • Options that begin with -X are non-standard (not guaranteed to be supported on all VM implementations), and are subject to change without notice in subsequent releases of the JDK.
  • Options that are specified with -XX are not stable and are not recommended for casual use. These options are subject to change without notice.
 

Some Useful -XX Options

 

Default values are listed for Java SE 6 for Solaris Sparc with -server. Some options may vary per architecture/OS/JVM version. Platforms with a differing default value are listed in the description.

  • Boolean options are turned on with -XX:+<option> and turned off with -XX:-<option>.
  • Numeric options are set with -XX:<option>=<number>. Numbers can include 'm' or 'M' for megabytes, 'k' or 'K' for kilobytes, and 'g' or 'G' for gigabytes (for example, 32k is the same as 32768).
  • String options are set with -XX:<option>=<string>, are usually used to specify a file, a path, or a list of commands

Flags marked as manageable are dynamically writeable through the JDK management interface (com.sun.management.HotSpotDiagnosticMXBean API) and also through JConsole. In Monitoring and Managing Java SE 6 Platform Applications, Figure 3 shows an example. The manageable flags can also be set through jinfo -flag.

The options below are loosely grouped into three categories.

 

Behavioral Options


Option and Default Value Description
-XX:-AllowUserSignalHandlers Do not complain if the application installs signal handlers. (Relevant to Solaris and Linux only.)
-XX:AltStackSize=16384 Alternate signal stack size (in Kbytes). (Relevant to Solaris only, removed from 5.0.)
-XX:-DisableExplicitGC Disable calls to System.gc(), JVM still performs garbage collection when necessary.
-XX:+FailOverToOldVerifier Fail over to old verifier when the new type checker fails. (Introduced in 6.)
-XX:+HandlePromotionFailure The youngest generation collection does not require a guarantee of full promotion of all live objects. (Introduced in 1.4.2 update 11) [5.0 and earlier: false.]
-XX:+MaxFDLimit Bump the number of file descriptors to max. (Relevant  to Solaris only.)
-XX:PreBlockSpin=10 Spin count variable for use with -XX:+UseSpinning. Controls the maximum spin iterations allowed before entering operating system thread synchronization code. (Introduced in 1.4.2.)
-XX:-RelaxAccessControlCheck Relax the access control checks in the verifier. (Introduced in 6.)
-XX:+ScavengeBeforeFullGC Do young generation GC prior to a full GC. (Introduced in 1.4.1.)
-XX:+UseAltSigs Use alternate signals instead of SIGUSR1 and SIGUSR2 for VM internal signals. (Introduced in 1.3.1 update 9, 1.4.1. Relevant to Solaris only.)
-XX:+UseBoundThreads Bind user level threads to kernel threads. (Relevant to Solaris only.)
-XX:-UseConcMarkSweepGC Use concurrent mark-sweep collection for the old generation. (Introduced in 1.4.1)
-XX:+UseGCOverheadLimit Use a policy that limits the proportion of the VM's time that is spent in GC before an OutOfMemory error is thrown. (Introduced in 6.)
-XX:+UseLWPSynchronization Use LWP-based instead of thread based synchronization. (Introduced in 1.4.0. Relevant to Solaris only.)
-XX:-UseParallelGC Use parallel garbage collection for scavenges. (Introduced in 1.4.1)
-XX:-UseParallelOldGC Use parallel garbage collection for the full collections. Enabling this option automatically sets -XX:+UseParallelGC. (Introduced in 5.0 update 6.)
-XX:-UseSerialGC Use serial garbage collection. (Introduced in 5.0.)
-XX:-UseSpinning Enable naive spinning on Java monitor before entering operating system thread synchronizaton code. (Relevant to 1.4.2 and 5.0 only.) [1.4.2, multi-processor Windows platforms: true]
-XX:+UseTLAB Use thread-local object allocation (Introduced in 1.4.0, known as UseTLE prior to that.) [1.4.2 and earlier, x86 or with -client: false]
-XX:+UseSplitVerifier Use the new type checker with StackMapTable attributes. (Introduced in 5.0.)[5.0: false]
-XX:+UseThreadPriorities Use native thread priorities.
-XX:+UseVMInterruptibleIO Thread interrupt before or with EINTR for I/O operations results in OS_INTRPT. (Introduced in 6. Relevant to Solaris only.)

Back to Options
 

Performance Options


Option and Default Value Description
-XX:+AggressiveOpts Turn on point performance compiler optimizations that are expected to be default in upcoming releases. (Introduced in 5.0 update 6.)
-XX:CompileThreshold=10000 Number of method invocations/branches before compiling [-client: 1,500]
-XX:LargePageSizeInBytes=4m Sets the large page size used for the Java heap. (Introduced in 1.4.0 update 1.) [amd64: 2m.]
-XX:MaxHeapFreeRatio=70 Maximum percentage of heap free after GC to avoid shrinking.
-XX:MaxNewSize=size Maximum size of new generation (in bytes). Since 1.4, MaxNewSize is computed as a function of NewRatio. [1.3.1 Sparc: 32m; 1.3.1 x86: 2.5m.]
-XX:MaxPermSize=64m Size of the Permanent Generation.  [5.0 and newer: 64 bit VMs are scaled 30% larger; 1.4 amd64: 96m; 1.3.1 -client: 32m.]
-XX:MinHeapFreeRatio=40 Minimum percentage of heap free after GC to avoid expansion.
-XX:NewRatio=2 Ratio of new/old generation sizes. [Sparc -client: 8; x86 -server: 8; x86 -client: 12.]-client: 4 (1.3) 8 (1.3.1+), x86: 12]
-XX:NewSize=2.125m Default size of new generation (in bytes) [5.0 and newer: 64 bit VMs are scaled 30% larger; x86: 1m; x86, 5.0 and older: 640k]
-XX:ReservedCodeCacheSize=32m Reserved code cache size (in bytes) - maximum code cache size. [Solaris 64-bit, amd64, and -server x86: 48m; in 1.5.0_06 and earlier, Solaris 64-bit and and64: 1024m.]
-XX:SurvivorRatio=8 Ratio of eden/survivor space size [Solaris amd64: 6; Sparc in 1.3.1: 25; other Solaris platforms in 5.0 and earlier: 32]
-XX:TargetSurvivorRatio=50 Desired percentage of survivor space used after scavenge.
-XX:ThreadStackSize=512 Thread Stack Size (in Kbytes). (0 means use default stack size) [Sparc: 512; Solaris x86: 320 (was 256 prior in 5.0 and earlier); Sparc 64 bit: 1024; Linux amd64: 1024 (was 0 in 5.0 and earlier); all others 0.]
-XX:+UseBiasedLocking Enable biased locking. For more details, see this tuning example. (Introduced in 5.0 update 6.) [5.0: false]
-XX:+UseFastAccessorMethods Use optimized versions of Get<Primitive>Field.
-XX:-UseISM Use Intimate Shared Memory. [Not accepted for non-Solaris platforms.] For details, see Intimate Shared Memory.
-XX:+UseLargePages Use large page memory. (Introduced in 5.0 update 5.) For details, see Java Support for Large Memory Pages.
-XX:+UseMPSS Use Multiple Page Size Support w/4mb pages for the heap. Do not use with ISM as this replaces the need for ISM. (Introduced in 1.4.0 update 1, Relevant to Solaris 9 and newer.) [1.4.1 and earlier: false]
-XX:+UseStringCache Enables caching of commonly allocated strings.
 
-XX:AllocatePrefetchLines=1 Number of cache lines to load after the last object allocation using prefetch instructions generated in JIT compiled code. Default values are 1 if the last allocated object was an instance and 3 if it was an array.
 
-XX:AllocatePrefetchStyle=1 Generated code style for prefetch instructions.
0 - no prefetch instructions are generate*d*,
1 - execute prefetch instructions after each allocation,
2 - use TLAB allocation watermark pointer to gate when prefetch instructions are executed.
 
-XX:+UseCompressedStrings Use a byte[] for Strings which can be represented as pure ASCII. (Introduced in Java 6 Update 21 Performance Release)
 
-XX:+OptimizeStringConcat Optimize String concatenation operations where possible. (Introduced in Java 6 Update 20)
 

Back to Options
 

Debugging Options


Option and Default Value Description
-XX:-CITime Prints time spent in JIT Compiler. (Introduced in 1.4.0.)
-XX:ErrorFile=./hs_err_pid<pid>.log If an error occurs, save the error data to this file. (Introduced in 6.)
-XX:-ExtendedDTraceProbes Enable performance-impacting dtrace probes. (Introduced in 6. Relevant to Solaris only.)
-XX:HeapDumpPath=./java_pid<pid>.hprof Path to directory or filename for heap dump. Manageable. (Introduced in 1.4.2 update 12, 5.0 update 7.)
-XX:-HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError Dump heap to file when java.lang.OutOfMemoryError is thrown. Manageable. (Introduced in 1.4.2 update 12, 5.0 update 7.)
-XX:OnError="<cmd args>;<cmd args>" Run user-defined commands on fatal error. (Introduced in 1.4.2 update 9.)
-XX:OnOutOfMemoryError="<cmd args>;
<cmd args>"
Run user-defined commands when an OutOfMemoryError is first thrown. (Introduced in 1.4.2 update 12, 6)
-XX:-PrintClassHistogram Print a histogram of class instances on Ctrl-Break. Manageable. (Introduced in 1.4.2.) The jmap -histo command provides equivalent functionality.
-XX:-PrintConcurrentLocks Print java.util.concurrent locks in Ctrl-Break thread dump. Manageable. (Introduced in 6.) The jstack -l command provides equivalent functionality.
-XX:-PrintCommandLineFlags Print flags that appeared on the command line. (Introduced in 5.0.)
-XX:-PrintCompilation Print message when a method is compiled.
-XX:-PrintGC Print messages at garbage collection. Manageable.
-XX:-PrintGCDetails Print more details at garbage collection. Manageable. (Introduced in 1.4.0.)
-XX:-PrintGCTimeStamps Print timestamps at garbage collection. Manageable (Introduced in 1.4.0.)
-XX:-PrintTenuringDistribution Print tenuring age information.
-XX:-TraceClassLoading Trace loading of classes.
-XX:-TraceClassLoadingPreorder Trace all classes loaded in order referenced (not loaded). (Introduced in 1.4.2.)
-XX:-TraceClassResolution Trace constant pool resolutions. (Introduced in 1.4.2.)
-XX:-TraceClassUnloading Trace unloading of classes.
-XX:-TraceLoaderConstraints Trace recording of loader constraints. (Introduced in 6.)
-XX:+PerfSaveDataToFile Saves jvmstat binary data on exit.
-XX:ParallelGCThreads= Sets the number of garbage collection threads in the young and old parallel garbage collectors. The default value varies with the platform on which the JVM is running.
-XX:+UseCompressedOops Enables the use of compressed pointers (object references represented as 32 bit offsets instead of 64-bit pointers) for optimized 64-bit performance with Java heap sizes less than 32gb.
-XX:+AlwaysPreTouch Pre-touch the Java heap during JVM initialization. Every page of the heap is thus demand-zeroed during initialization rather than incrementally during application execution.
-XX:AllocatePrefetchDistance= Sets the prefetch distance for object allocation. Memory about to be written with the value of new objects is prefetched into cache at this distance (in bytes) beyond the address of the last allocated object. Each Java thread has its own allocation point. The default value varies with the platform on which the JVM is running.
-XX:InlineSmallCode= Inline a previously compiled method only if its generated native code size is less than this. The default value varies with the platform on which the JVM is running.
-XX:MaxInlineSize=35 Maximum bytecode size of a method to be inlined.
-XX:FreqInlineSize= Maximum bytecode size of a frequently executed method to be inlined. The default value varies with the platform on which the JVM is running.
-XX:LoopUnrollLimit= Unroll loop bodies with server compiler intermediate representation node count less than this value. The limit used by the server compiler is a function of this value, not the actual value. The default value varies with the platform on which the JVM is running.
-XX:InitialTenuringThreshold=7 Sets the initial tenuring threshold for use in adaptive GC sizing in the parallel young collector. The tenuring threshold is the number of times an object survives a young collection before being promoted to the old, or tenured, generation.
-XX:MaxTenuringThreshold= Sets the maximum tenuring threshold for use in adaptive GC sizing. The current largest value is 15. The default value is 15 for the parallel collector and is 4 for CMS.

本文转载自:http://blog.csdn.net/giianhui/article/details/6939442

giianhui
粉丝 6
博文 287
码字总数 0
作品 0
深圳
技术主管
私信 提问
聊聊openjdk的jvm.cfg文件

序 本文主要研究一下openjdk的jvm.cfg文件 jdk8 /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_151.jdk/Contents/Home/jre/lib/jvm.cfg 对于jdk8该文件在JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/目录下;其注释显示......

go4it
03/26
11
0
JVM系列第2讲:Java 虚拟机的历史

说起 Java 虚拟机,许多人就会将其与 HotSpot 虚拟机等同看待。但实际上 Java 虚拟机除了 HotSpot 之外,还有 Sun Classic VM、Exact VM、BEA JRocketit、IBM J9 等等。今天我们就来简单回顾...

陈树义
2018/11/08
0
0
002. 深入JVM学习—JVM对象访问模式

Object obj = new Object(); 分析 --- Object obj:描述的是保存在栈内存之中,而后保存有堆内存的引用,这个数据会保存在本地变量表中(变量表描述有哪些对象,保存对象栈的位置,栈对应着堆...

影狼
2018/06/22
63
0
Java HotSpot Client VM VS. Java HotSpot Server VM

JDK包括2个JVM的实现 Java HotSpot Client VM(-client),为在客户端环境中减少启动时间而优化; Java HotSpot Server VM(-server),为在服务器环境中最大化程序执行速度而设计. 比较:Server VM...

markGao
2014/04/06
327
0
在部署rocketMQ之后运行mqnamesrv报异常

安装好rocketMQ,配置好环境变量之后,运行mqnamesrv查看日志发现有如下的异常,好像是因为无法分配内存,请了解的大神知道一下看看是什么错误? 环境:vmware ubuntu jdk8 1G内存 Java HotSp...

少不读水浒
2015/11/23
6.4K
4

没有更多内容

加载失败,请刷新页面

加载更多

CentOS7.6中安装使用fcitx框架

内容目录 一、为什么要使用fcitx?二、安装fcitx框架三、安装搜狗输入法 一、为什么要使用fcitx? Gnome3桌面自带的输入法框架为ibus,而在使用ibus时会时不时出现卡顿无法输入的现象。 搜狗和...

技术训练营
昨天
5
0
《Designing.Data-Intensive.Applications》笔记 四

第九章 一致性与共识 分布式系统最重要的的抽象之一是共识(consensus):让所有的节点对某件事达成一致。 最终一致性(eventual consistency)只提供较弱的保证,需要探索更高的一致性保证(stro...

丰田破产标志
昨天
8
0
docker 使用mysql

1, 进入容器 比如 myslq1 里面进行操作 docker exec -it mysql1 /bin/bash 2. 退出 容器 交互: exit 3. mysql 启动在容器里面,并且 可以本地连接mysql docker run --name mysql1 --env MY...

之渊
昨天
10
0
python数据结构

1、字符串及其方法(案例来自Python-100-Days) def main(): str1 = 'hello, world!' # 通过len函数计算字符串的长度 print(len(str1)) # 13 # 获得字符串首字母大写的...

huijue
昨天
6
0
PHP+Ajax微信手机端九宫格抽奖实例

PHP+Ajax结合lottery.js制作的一款微信手机端九宫格抽奖实例,抽奖完成后有收货地址添加表单出现。支持可以设置中奖概率等。 奖品列表 <div class="lottery_list clearfix" id="lottery"> ......

ymkjs1990
昨天
5
0

没有更多内容

加载失败,请刷新页面

加载更多

返回顶部
顶部