启动hive命令报错 “Metastore contains multiple versions”

原创
2015/09/02 14:45
阅读数 2.5K

错误日志:

 Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.SessionHiveMetaStoreClient
      at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.session.SessionState.start(SessionState.java:444)
      at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.run(CliDriver.java:672)
      at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.main(CliDriver.java:616)
      at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
      at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
      at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
      at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
      at org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar.run(RunJar.java:221)
     at org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar.main(RunJar.java:136)
 Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.SessionHiveMetaStoreClient
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.MetaStoreUtils.newInstance(MetaStoreUtils.java:1449)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.<init>(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:63)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:73)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.createMetaStoreClient(Hive.java:2661)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getMSC(Hive.java:2680)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.session.SessionState.start(SessionState.java:425)
     ... 8 more
 Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
     at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
     at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:57)
     at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
     at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:526)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.MetaStoreUtils.newInstance(MetaStoreUtils.java:1447)
     ... 13 more
 Caused by: MetaException(message:Metastore contains multiple versions)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.ObjectStore.getMSchemaVersion(ObjectStore.java:6643)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.ObjectStore.getMetaStoreSchemaVersion(ObjectStore.java:6605)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.ObjectStore.checkSchema(ObjectStore.java:6564)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.ObjectStore.verifySchema(ObjectStore.java:6552)
     at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
     at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
     at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
     at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RawStoreProxy.invoke(RawStoreProxy.java:98)
     at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy5.verifySchema(Unknown Source)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore$HMSHandler.getMS(HiveMetaStore.java:539)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore$HMSHandler.createDefaultDB(HiveMetaStore.java:587)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore$HMSHandler.init(HiveMetaStore.java:429)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingHMSHandler.<init>(RetryingHMSHandler.java:66)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingHMSHandler.getProxy(RetryingHMSHandler.java:72)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore.newRetryingHMSHandler(HiveMetaStore.java:5554)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStoreClient.<init>(HiveMetaStoreClient.java:178)
     at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.SessionHiveMetaStoreClient.<init>(SessionHiveMetaStoreClient.java:73)
     ... 18 more123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445

解决方案:

因为hive metastore存储在mysql中,所以登录mysql,use hive所使用的DB,然后 查询下VERSION表 
mysql> select * from VERSION;

+——–+—————-+——————+ 
| VER_ID | SCHEMA_VERSION | VERSION_COMMENT | 
+——–+—————-+——————+ 
| 1 | 0.14.0 | Set by MetaStore | 
| 2 | 0.14.0 | Set by MetaStore | 
| 3 | 0.14.0 | Set by MetaStore | 
| 4 | 0.14.0 | Set by MetaStore | 
| 5 | 0.14.0 | Set by MetaStore | 
| 6 | 0.14.0 | Set by MetaStore | 
+——–+—————-+——————+

保留第一条记录,其他记录全部删除

 delete from VERSION where VER_ID !=1 1

出现这类异常问题原因

hive 是不支持并发的,估计我同事 不小心启动多个hive,也可能是网络问题,反正很诡异


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