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RecycleBin机制

gavin_jin
 gavin_jin
发布于 2019/02/21 18:40
字数 2344
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3 月,跳不动了?>>>

 

/**
     *RecycleBin机制

 The RecycleBin facilitates reuse of views across layouts. The RecycleBin has two levels of
     * storage: ActiveViews and ScrapViews. ActiveViews are those views which were onscreen at the
     * start of a layout. By construction, they are displaying current information. At the end of
     * layout, all views in ActiveViews are demoted to ScrapViews. ScrapViews are old views that
     * could potentially be used by the adapter to avoid allocating views unnecessarily.
     *
     * @see android.widget.AbsListView#setRecyclerListener(android.widget.AbsListView.RecyclerListener)
     * @see android.widget.AbsListView.RecyclerListener
     */
    class RecycleBin {
        private RecyclerListener mRecyclerListener;

        /**
         * The position of the first view stored in mActiveViews.
         */
        private int mFirstActivePosition;

        /**
         * Views that were on screen at the start of layout. This array is populated at the start of
         * layout, and at the end of layout all view in mActiveViews are moved to mScrapViews.
         * Views in mActiveViews represent a contiguous range of Views, with position of the first
         * view store in mFirstActivePosition.
         */
        private View[] mActiveViews = new View[0];

        /**
         * Unsorted views that can be used by the adapter as a convert view.
         */
        private ArrayList<View>[] mScrapViews;

        private int mViewTypeCount;

        private ArrayList<View> mCurrentScrap;

        private ArrayList<View> mSkippedScrap;

        private SparseArray<View> mTransientStateViews;
        private LongSparseArray<View> mTransientStateViewsById;

        public void setViewTypeCount(int viewTypeCount) {
            if (viewTypeCount < 1) {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("Can't have a viewTypeCount < 1");
            }
            //noinspection unchecked
            ArrayList<View>[] scrapViews = new ArrayList[viewTypeCount];
            for (int i = 0; i < viewTypeCount; i++) {
                scrapViews[i] = new ArrayList<View>();
            }
            mViewTypeCount = viewTypeCount;
            mCurrentScrap = scrapViews[0];
            mScrapViews = scrapViews;
        }

        public void markChildrenDirty() {
            if (mViewTypeCount == 1) {
                final ArrayList<View> scrap = mCurrentScrap;
                final int scrapCount = scrap.size();
                for (int i = 0; i < scrapCount; i++) {
                    scrap.get(i).forceLayout();
                }
            } else {
                final int typeCount = mViewTypeCount;
                for (int i = 0; i < typeCount; i++) {
                    final ArrayList<View> scrap = mScrapViews[i];
                    final int scrapCount = scrap.size();
                    for (int j = 0; j < scrapCount; j++) {
                        scrap.get(j).forceLayout();
                    }
                }
            }
            if (mTransientStateViews != null) {
                final int count = mTransientStateViews.size();
                for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
                    mTransientStateViews.valueAt(i).forceLayout();
                }
            }
            if (mTransientStateViewsById != null) {
                final int count = mTransientStateViewsById.size();
                for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
                    mTransientStateViewsById.valueAt(i).forceLayout();
                }
            }
        }

        public boolean shouldRecycleViewType(int viewType) {
            return viewType >= 0;
        }

        /**
         * Clears the scrap heap.
         */
        void clear() {
            if (mViewTypeCount == 1) {
                final ArrayList<View> scrap = mCurrentScrap;
                clearScrap(scrap);
            } else {
                final int typeCount = mViewTypeCount;
                for (int i = 0; i < typeCount; i++) {
                    final ArrayList<View> scrap = mScrapViews[i];
                    clearScrap(scrap);
                }
            }

            clearTransientStateViews();
        }

        /**
         * Fill ActiveViews with all of the children of the AbsListView.
         *
         * @param childCount The minimum number of views mActiveViews should hold
         * @param firstActivePosition The position of the first view that will be stored in
         *        mActiveViews
         */
        void fillActiveViews(int childCount, int firstActivePosition) {
            if (mActiveViews.length < childCount) {
                mActiveViews = new View[childCount];
            }
            mFirstActivePosition = firstActivePosition;

            //noinspection MismatchedReadAndWriteOfArray
            final View[] activeViews = mActiveViews;
            for (int i = 0; i < childCount; i++) {
                View child = getChildAt(i);
                AbsListView.LayoutParams lp = (AbsListView.LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams();
                // Don't put header or footer views into the scrap heap
                if (lp != null && lp.viewType != ITEM_VIEW_TYPE_HEADER_OR_FOOTER) {
                    // Note:  We do place AdapterView.ITEM_VIEW_TYPE_IGNORE in active views.
                    //        However, we will NOT place them into scrap views.
                    activeViews[i] = child;
                    // Remember the position so that setupChild() doesn't reset state.
                    lp.scrappedFromPosition = firstActivePosition + i;
                }
            }
        }

        /**
         * Get the view corresponding to the specified position. The view will be removed from
         * mActiveViews if it is found.
         *
         * @param position The position to look up in mActiveViews
         * @return The view if it is found, null otherwise
         */
        View getActiveView(int position) {
            int index = position - mFirstActivePosition;
            final View[] activeViews = mActiveViews;
            if (index >=0 && index < activeViews.length) {
                final View match = activeViews[index];
                activeViews[index] = null;
                return match;
            }
            return null;
        }

        View getTransientStateView(int position) {
            if (mAdapter != null && mAdapterHasStableIds && mTransientStateViewsById != null) {
                long id = mAdapter.getItemId(position);
                View result = mTransientStateViewsById.get(id);
                mTransientStateViewsById.remove(id);
                return result;
            }
            if (mTransientStateViews != null) {
                final int index = mTransientStateViews.indexOfKey(position);
                if (index >= 0) {
                    View result = mTransientStateViews.valueAt(index);
                    mTransientStateViews.removeAt(index);
                    return result;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }

        /**
         * Dumps and fully detaches any currently saved views with transient
         * state.
         */
        void clearTransientStateViews() {
            final SparseArray<View> viewsByPos = mTransientStateViews;
            if (viewsByPos != null) {
                final int N = viewsByPos.size();
                for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
                    removeDetachedView(viewsByPos.valueAt(i), false);
                }
                viewsByPos.clear();
            }

            final LongSparseArray<View> viewsById = mTransientStateViewsById;
            if (viewsById != null) {
                final int N = viewsById.size();
                for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
                    removeDetachedView(viewsById.valueAt(i), false);
                }
                viewsById.clear();
            }
        }

        /**
         * @return A view from the ScrapViews collection. These are unordered.
         */
        View getScrapView(int position) {
            final int whichScrap = mAdapter.getItemViewType(position);
            if (whichScrap < 0) {
                return null;
            }
            if (mViewTypeCount == 1) {
                return retrieveFromScrap(mCurrentScrap, position);
            } else if (whichScrap < mScrapViews.length) {
                return retrieveFromScrap(mScrapViews[whichScrap], position);
            }
            return null;
        }

        /**
         * Puts a view into the list of scrap views.
         * <p>
         * If the list data hasn't changed or the adapter has stable IDs, views
         * with transient state will be preserved for later retrieval.
         *
         * @param scrap The view to add
         * @param position The view's position within its parent
         */
        void addScrapView(View scrap, int position) {
            final AbsListView.LayoutParams lp = (AbsListView.LayoutParams) scrap.getLayoutParams();
            if (lp == null) {
                // Can't recycle, but we don't know anything about the view.
                // Ignore it completely.
                return;
            }

            lp.scrappedFromPosition = position;

            // Remove but don't scrap header or footer views, or views that
            // should otherwise not be recycled.
            final int viewType = lp.viewType;
            if (!shouldRecycleViewType(viewType)) {
                // Can't recycle. If it's not a header or footer, which have
                // special handling and should be ignored, then skip the scrap
                // heap and we'll fully detach the view later.
                if (viewType != ITEM_VIEW_TYPE_HEADER_OR_FOOTER) {
                    getSkippedScrap().add(scrap);
                }
                return;
            }

            scrap.dispatchStartTemporaryDetach();

            // The the accessibility state of the view may change while temporary
            // detached and we do not allow detached views to fire accessibility
            // events. So we are announcing that the subtree changed giving a chance
            // to clients holding on to a view in this subtree to refresh it.
            notifyViewAccessibilityStateChangedIfNeeded(
                    AccessibilityEvent.CONTENT_CHANGE_TYPE_SUBTREE);

            // Don't scrap views that have transient state.
            final boolean scrapHasTransientState = scrap.hasTransientState();
            if (scrapHasTransientState) {
                if (mAdapter != null && mAdapterHasStableIds) {
                    // If the adapter has stable IDs, we can reuse the view for
                    // the same data.
                    if (mTransientStateViewsById == null) {
                        mTransientStateViewsById = new LongSparseArray<>();
                    }
                    mTransientStateViewsById.put(lp.itemId, scrap);
                } else if (!mDataChanged) {
                    // If the data hasn't changed, we can reuse the views at
                    // their old positions.
                    if (mTransientStateViews == null) {
                        mTransientStateViews = new SparseArray<>();
                    }
                    mTransientStateViews.put(position, scrap);
                } else {
                    // Otherwise, we'll have to remove the view and start over.
                    clearScrapForRebind(scrap);
                    getSkippedScrap().add(scrap);
                }
            } else {
                clearScrapForRebind(scrap);
                if (mViewTypeCount == 1) {
                    mCurrentScrap.add(scrap);
                } else {
                    mScrapViews[viewType].add(scrap);
                }

                if (mRecyclerListener != null) {
                    mRecyclerListener.onMovedToScrapHeap(scrap);
                }
            }
        }

        private ArrayList<View> getSkippedScrap() {
            if (mSkippedScrap == null) {
                mSkippedScrap = new ArrayList<>();
            }
            return mSkippedScrap;
        }

        /**
         * Finish the removal of any views that skipped the scrap heap.
         */
        void removeSkippedScrap() {
            if (mSkippedScrap == null) {
                return;
            }
            final int count = mSkippedScrap.size();
            for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
                removeDetachedView(mSkippedScrap.get(i), false);
            }
            mSkippedScrap.clear();
        }

        /**
         * Move all views remaining in mActiveViews to mScrapViews.
         */
        void scrapActiveViews() {
            final View[] activeViews = mActiveViews;
            final boolean hasListener = mRecyclerListener != null;
            final boolean multipleScraps = mViewTypeCount > 1;

            ArrayList<View> scrapViews = mCurrentScrap;
            final int count = activeViews.length;
            for (int i = count - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
                final View victim = activeViews[i];
                if (victim != null) {
                    final AbsListView.LayoutParams lp
                            = (AbsListView.LayoutParams) victim.getLayoutParams();
                    final int whichScrap = lp.viewType;

                    activeViews[i] = null;

                    if (victim.hasTransientState()) {
                        // Store views with transient state for later use.
                        victim.dispatchStartTemporaryDetach();

                        if (mAdapter != null && mAdapterHasStableIds) {
                            if (mTransientStateViewsById == null) {
                                mTransientStateViewsById = new LongSparseArray<View>();
                            }
                            long id = mAdapter.getItemId(mFirstActivePosition + i);
                            mTransientStateViewsById.put(id, victim);
                        } else if (!mDataChanged) {
                            if (mTransientStateViews == null) {
                                mTransientStateViews = new SparseArray<View>();
                            }
                            mTransientStateViews.put(mFirstActivePosition + i, victim);
                        } else if (whichScrap != ITEM_VIEW_TYPE_HEADER_OR_FOOTER) {
                            // The data has changed, we can't keep this view.
                            removeDetachedView(victim, false);
                        }
                    } else if (!shouldRecycleViewType(whichScrap)) {
                        // Discard non-recyclable views except headers/footers.
                        if (whichScrap != ITEM_VIEW_TYPE_HEADER_OR_FOOTER) {
                            removeDetachedView(victim, false);
                        }
                    } else {
                        // Store everything else on the appropriate scrap heap.
                        if (multipleScraps) {
                            scrapViews = mScrapViews[whichScrap];
                        }

                        lp.scrappedFromPosition = mFirstActivePosition + i;
                        removeDetachedView(victim, false);
                        scrapViews.add(victim);

                        if (hasListener) {
                            mRecyclerListener.onMovedToScrapHeap(victim);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            pruneScrapViews();
        }

        /**
         * At the end of a layout pass, all temp detached views should either be re-attached or
         * completely detached. This method ensures that any remaining view in the scrap list is
         * fully detached.
         */
        void fullyDetachScrapViews() {
            final int viewTypeCount = mViewTypeCount;
            final ArrayList<View>[] scrapViews = mScrapViews;
            for (int i = 0; i < viewTypeCount; ++i) {
                final ArrayList<View> scrapPile = scrapViews[i];
                for (int j = scrapPile.size() - 1; j >= 0; j--) {
                    final View view = scrapPile.get(j);
                    if (view.isTemporarilyDetached()) {
                        removeDetachedView(view, false);
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        /**
         * Makes sure that the size of mScrapViews does not exceed the size of
         * mActiveViews, which can happen if an adapter does not recycle its
         * views. Removes cached transient state views that no longer have
         * transient state.
         */
        private void pruneScrapViews() {
            final int maxViews = mActiveViews.length;
            final int viewTypeCount = mViewTypeCount;
            final ArrayList<View>[] scrapViews = mScrapViews;
            for (int i = 0; i < viewTypeCount; ++i) {
                final ArrayList<View> scrapPile = scrapViews[i];
                int size = scrapPile.size();
                while (size > maxViews) {
                    scrapPile.remove(--size);
                }
            }

            final SparseArray<View> transViewsByPos = mTransientStateViews;
            if (transViewsByPos != null) {
                for (int i = 0; i < transViewsByPos.size(); i++) {
                    final View v = transViewsByPos.valueAt(i);
                    if (!v.hasTransientState()) {
                        removeDetachedView(v, false);
                        transViewsByPos.removeAt(i);
                        i--;
                    }
                }
            }

            final LongSparseArray<View> transViewsById = mTransientStateViewsById;
            if (transViewsById != null) {
                for (int i = 0; i < transViewsById.size(); i++) {
                    final View v = transViewsById.valueAt(i);
                    if (!v.hasTransientState()) {
                        removeDetachedView(v, false);
                        transViewsById.removeAt(i);
                        i--;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        /**
         * Puts all views in the scrap heap into the supplied list.
         */
        void reclaimScrapViews(List<View> views) {
            if (mViewTypeCount == 1) {
                views.addAll(mCurrentScrap);
            } else {
                final int viewTypeCount = mViewTypeCount;
                final ArrayList<View>[] scrapViews = mScrapViews;
                for (int i = 0; i < viewTypeCount; ++i) {
                    final ArrayList<View> scrapPile = scrapViews[i];
                    views.addAll(scrapPile);
                }
            }
        }

        /**
         * Updates the cache color hint of all known views.
         *
         * @param color The new cache color hint.
         */
        void setCacheColorHint(int color) {
            if (mViewTypeCount == 1) {
                final ArrayList<View> scrap = mCurrentScrap;
                final int scrapCount = scrap.size();
                for (int i = 0; i < scrapCount; i++) {
                    scrap.get(i).setDrawingCacheBackgroundColor(color);
                }
            } else {
                final int typeCount = mViewTypeCount;
                for (int i = 0; i < typeCount; i++) {
                    final ArrayList<View> scrap = mScrapViews[i];
                    final int scrapCount = scrap.size();
                    for (int j = 0; j < scrapCount; j++) {
                        scrap.get(j).setDrawingCacheBackgroundColor(color);
                    }
                }
            }
            // Just in case this is called during a layout pass
            final View[] activeViews = mActiveViews;
            final int count = activeViews.length;
            for (int i = 0; i < count; ++i) {
                final View victim = activeViews[i];
                if (victim != null) {
                    victim.setDrawingCacheBackgroundColor(color);
                }
            }
        }

        private View retrieveFromScrap(ArrayList<View> scrapViews, int position) {
            final int size = scrapViews.size();
            if (size > 0) {
                // See if we still have a view for this position or ID.
                // Traverse backwards to find the most recently used scrap view
                for (int i = size - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
                    final View view = scrapViews.get(i);
                    final AbsListView.LayoutParams params =
                            (AbsListView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams();

                    if (mAdapterHasStableIds) {
                        final long id = mAdapter.getItemId(position);
                        if (id == params.itemId) {
                            return scrapViews.remove(i);
                        }
                    } else if (params.scrappedFromPosition == position) {
                        final View scrap = scrapViews.remove(i);
                        clearScrapForRebind(scrap);
                        return scrap;
                    }
                }
                final View scrap = scrapViews.remove(size - 1);
                clearScrapForRebind(scrap);
                return scrap;
            } else {
                return null;
            }
        }

        private void clearScrap(final ArrayList<View> scrap) {
            final int scrapCount = scrap.size();
            for (int j = 0; j < scrapCount; j++) {
                removeDetachedView(scrap.remove(scrapCount - 1 - j), false);
            }
        }

        private void clearScrapForRebind(View view) {
            view.clearAccessibilityFocus();
            view.setAccessibilityDelegate(null);
        }

        private void removeDetachedView(View child, boolean animate) {
            child.setAccessibilityDelegate(null);
            AbsListView.this.removeDetachedView(child, animate);
        }
    }

这里的RecycleBin代码全部,我只是把最主要的几个方法提了出来。那么我们先来对这几个方法进行简单解读,这对后面分析ListView的工作原理将会有很大的帮助。

fillActiveViews() 这个方法接收两个参数,第一个参数表示要存储的view的数量,第二个参数表示ListView中第一个可见元素的position值。RecycleBin当中使用mActiveViews这个数组来存储View,调用这个方法后就会根据传入的参数来将ListView中的指定元素存储到mActiveViews数组当中。
getActiveView() 这个方法和fillActiveViews()是对应的,用于从mActiveViews数组当中获取数据。该方法接收一个position参数,表示元素在ListView当中的位置,方法内部会自动将position值转换成mActiveViews数组对应的下标值。需要注意的是,mActiveViews当中所存储的View,一旦被获取了之后就会从mActiveViews当中移除,下次获取同样位置的View将会返回null,也就是说mActiveViews不能被重复利用。
addScrapView() 用于将一个废弃的View进行缓存,该方法接收一个View参数,当有某个View确定要废弃掉的时候(比如滚动出了屏幕),就应该调用这个方法来对View进行缓存,RecycleBin当中使用mScrapViews和mCurrentScrap这两个List来存储废弃View。
getScrapView 用于从废弃缓存中取出一个View,这些废弃缓存中的View是没有顺序可言的,因此getScrapView()方法中的算法也非常简单,就是直接从mCurrentScrap当中获取尾部的一个scrap view进行返回。
setViewTypeCount() 我们都知道Adapter当中可以重写一个getViewTypeCount()来表示ListView中有几种类型的数据项,而setViewTypeCount()方法的作用就是为每种类型的数据项都单独启用一个RecycleBin缓存机制。实际上,getViewTypeCount()方法通常情况下使用的并不是很多,所以我们只要知道RecycleBin当中有这样一个功能就行了。


了解了RecycleBin中的主要方法以及它们的用处之后,下面就可以开始来分析ListView的工作原理了,这里我将还是按照以前分析源码的方式来进行,即跟着主线执行流程来逐步阅读并点到即止,不然的话要是把ListView所有的代码都贴出来,那么本篇文章将会很长很长了。
 

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