C# WPF从RIOT API获取数据(RIOT代表作品《英雄联盟》)

原创
01/13 15:58
阅读数 17

微信公众号:Dotnet9,网站:Dotnet9,问题或建议:请网站留言, 如果对您有所帮助:欢迎赞赏

阅读导航

  1. 本文背景

  2. 代码实现

  3. 本文参考

1. 本文背景

RIOT(拳头)是一家美国网游开发商,成立于2006年,代表作品《英雄联盟》。

本文重点要讲解两个知识点:

  1. C# 使用 HttpClient 访问 RIOT 提供的 API 接口,获取召唤者概况信息;

  2. C# WPF界面展示召唤者信息搜索、概况信息两个界面。

2. 代码实现

站长使用 .Net CORE 3.1 创建名为 “LoLGoal” 的WPF解决方案,并添加3个Nuget包,配置如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<packages>
<package id="MaterialDesignColors" version="1.1.1" targetFramework="net45" />
<package id="MaterialDesignThemes" version="2.5.0.1205" targetFramework="net45" />
<package id="Newtonsoft.Json" version="12.0.1" targetFramework="net45" />
</packages>

界面使用的MD控件,本站曾有介绍:介绍 。

本文只简单说明部分代码,整体解决方案目录结构如下,源码文末会给出:

2.1 引入MD控件样式

文件【App.xaml】

<Application x:Class="LoLGoal.App"
xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
StartupUri="View/MainWindow.xaml">
<Application.Resources>
<ResourceDictionary>
<ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
<ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignThemes.Wpf;component/Themes/MaterialDesignTheme.Light.xaml" />
<ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignThemes.Wpf;component/Themes/MaterialDesignTheme.Defaults.xaml" />
<ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignColors;component/Themes/Recommended/Primary/MaterialDesignColor.Purple.xaml" />
<ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignColors;component/Themes/Recommended/Accent/MaterialDesignColor.Blue.xaml" />
</ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
</ResourceDictionary>
</Application.Resources>
</Application>

2.2 召唤者概况搜索界面

文件【MainWindow.xaml】代码,界面布局简单,给人的感觉整体简洁大方:

<Window x:Class="LoLGoal.MainWindow"
xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
xmlns:materialDesign="http://materialdesigninxaml.net/winfx/xaml/themes"
xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
mc:Ignorable="d" Height="600" Width="400" WindowStartupLocation="CenterScreen"
MouseLeftButtonDown="Window_MouseLeftButtonDown"
ResizeMode="NoResize" WindowStyle="None" Background="#FF410A66">
<Grid>
<StackPanel Margin="50">
<Image Source="/Assets/logo2.png" Width="96" Height="96"/>
<Border Background="White" Margin="10 20" CornerRadius="5">
<StackPanel Margin="25">
<ComboBox Margin="15" Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingHintComboBox}" materialDesign:HintAssist.Hint="地区" Text="{Binding Region}">
<ComboBoxItem Content="RU"/>
<ComboBoxItem Content="KR"/>
<ComboBoxItem Content="BR1"/>
<ComboBoxItem Content="OC1"/>
<ComboBoxItem Content="JP1"/>
<ComboBoxItem Content="NA1"/>
<ComboBoxItem Content="EUN1"/>
<ComboBoxItem Content="EUW1"/>
<ComboBoxItem Content="TR1"/>
<ComboBoxItem Content="LA1"/>
<ComboBoxItem Content="LA2"/>
</ComboBox>
<TextBox Text="{Binding SummonerName}" Margin="15" Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingHintTextBox}" materialDesign:HintAssist.Hint="召唤者"/>
<StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" HorizontalAlignment="Center">
<Button Margin="15 50" Content="取消"/>
<Button x:Name="ButtonSignUp" Margin="15 50" Content="搜索" Click="ButtonSignUp_Click"/>
</StackPanel>
</StackPanel>
</Border>
</StackPanel>
</Grid>
</Window>

召唤者概况搜索界面

2.3 召唤者概况信息展示界面

文件【WindowProfile.xaml】,布局代码也不多,清爽:

<Window x:Class="LoLGoal.View.WindowProfile"
xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
xmlns:materialDesign="http://materialdesigninxaml.net/winfx/xaml/themes"
xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
mc:Ignorable="d" Height="600" Width="400"
WindowStartupLocation="CenterScreen" ResizeMode="NoResize"
WindowStyle="None" Background="#FF410A66">
<Grid>
<Border Background="White" Margin="20 100 20 20" CornerRadius="15">
<StackPanel VerticalAlignment="Top" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch">
<Border Width="100" Height="100" Margin="20 20 0 10" BorderBrush="Gray" HorizontalAlignment="Left" BorderThickness="1" CornerRadius="15">
<Border.Background>
<ImageBrush ImageSource="{Binding Path=Icon}"/>
</Border.Background>
</Border>
<TextBlock Margin="20 15" FontSize="30" Text="{Binding Path=SummonerName}" Foreground="DarkGray"/>
<StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" Margin="20 0">
<StackPanel Margin="5">
<TextBlock Text="胜" FontSize="15" FontWeight="Bold" Foreground="Green"/>
<TextBlock Text="{Binding Path=Wins}" FontSize="18" Foreground="Gray" HorizontalAlignment="Center"/>
</StackPanel>
<StackPanel Margin="5">
<TextBlock Text="输" FontSize="15" FontWeight="Bold" Foreground="DarkRed"/>
<TextBlock Text="{Binding Path=Losses}" FontSize="18" Foreground="Gray" HorizontalAlignment="Center"/>
</StackPanel>
</StackPanel>
<StackPanel Margin="30 20">
<TextBlock Text="水平" FontSize="15" Foreground="LightGray"/>
<TextBlock Text="{Binding Path=Level}" HorizontalAlignment="Center" FontSize="80" Foreground="Gray"/>
</StackPanel>
<Grid Margin="20 10">
<Button x:Name="ButtonSearch" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFlatButton}" Width="100" Click="ButtonSearch_Click">
<materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="Search" Width="24" Height="24"/>
</Button>
<Button HorizontalAlignment="Right" Width="100" Content="登录"/>
</Grid>
</StackPanel>
</Border>
<StackPanel HorizontalAlignment="Right" Margin="30 10">
<Image Source="{Binding Path=Emblem}" Width="200" Height="200">
<Image.Effect>
<DropShadowEffect BlurRadius="40" ShadowDepth="1"/>
</Image.Effect>
</Image>
<StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" HorizontalAlignment="Center" Margin="5">
<TextBlock FontSize="18" Foreground="Gray" Text="{Binding Path=Tier}" Margin="5" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
<TextBlock FontSize="20" Foreground="Gray" Text="{Binding Path=Rank}" Margin="5"/>
</StackPanel>
</StackPanel>
</Grid>
</Window>

概况信息展示界面

2.4 简单的API接口调用封装

直接上代码看,Key.txt是存储的RIOT开发者Key:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace LoLGoal.API
{
public class Api
{
private string Key { get; set; }
private string Region { get; set; }

public Api(string region)
{
Region = region;
Key = GetKey("API/Key.txt");
}

protected HttpResponseMessage GET(string URL)
{
using (HttpClient client = new HttpClient())
{
var result = client.GetAsync(URL);
result.Wait();

return result.Result;
}
}

protected string GetURI(string path)
{
return "https://" + Region + ".api.riotgames.com/lol/" + path + "?api_key=" + Key;
}

public string GetKey(string path)
{
StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(path);
return sr.ReadToEnd();
}
}
}

2.5 其他代码

查看源码:get_profile_data

2.6 以下是站长方便演示、截图,修改的部分文件

可参考源码对比:

文件【API/League_V4.cs】

using LoLGoal.Model;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

namespace LoLGoal.API
{
public class League_V4 : Api
{
public League_V4(string region) : base(region)
{
}

public List<PositionDTO> GetPositions(string summonerId)
{
//1、这是正常的API访问
//string path = "league/v4/positions/by-summoner/" + summonerId;

//var response = GET(GetURI(path));
//string content = response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync().Result;

//if (response.StatusCode == System.Net.HttpStatusCode.OK)
//{
// return JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<List<PositionDTO>>(content);
//}
//else
//{
// return null;
//}

//2、这是模拟数据,正常访问LOL服务器,需要注册Key
string[] tiers = { "Bronze", "Challenger", "Diamond", "Gold", "Grandmaster", "Iron", "Master", "Platinum", "Silver" };
var rd = new Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond);
var lst = new List<PositionDTO>();
for (int i = 0; i < rd.Next(5, 20); i++)
{
lst.Add(new PositionDTO
{
Tier = tiers[rd.Next(0, tiers.Length)],
Rank = "IV",
Wins = rd.Next(2, 100),
Losses = rd.Next(2, 100),
QueueType = "RANKED_SOLO_5x5"
});
}
return lst;
}
}
}

文件【API/Summoner_V4.cs】

using LoLGoal.Model;
using System;

namespace LoLGoal.API
{
public class Summoner_V4 : Api
{
public Summoner_V4(string region) : base(region)
{
}

public SummonerDTO GetSummonerByName(string SummonerName)
{
//1、这是正常的API访问
//string path = "summoner/v4/summoners/by-name/" + SummonerName;

//var response = GET(GetURI(path));
//string content = response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync().Result;

//if(response.StatusCode == System.Net.HttpStatusCode.OK)
//{
// return JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<SummonerDTO>(content);
//}
//else
//{
// return null;
//}

//2、这是模拟数据,正常访问LOL服务器,需要注册Key
return new SummonerDTO
{
ProfileIconId = DateTime.Now.Second,
Name = SummonerName,
SummonerLevel = new Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond).Next(50, 200),
Id = DateTime.Now.Second.ToString()
};
}
}
}

3.参考

  1. 视频一:C# WPF Design UI - #1 - Login,配套源码:LoLGoal。

  2. 视频二:C# WPF Design UI - #2 (1/2) - REST API Access,配套源码:get_summoner_data。

  3. 视频三:C# WPF Design UI - #2 (2/2) - REST API Access,配套源码:get_summoner_data。

  4. 视频四:C# WPF Design UI - #3 - Profile,配套源码:summoner_profile。

  5. 视频五:C# WPF Design UI - #4 (1/2) - Get Data From RIOT API,配套源码:get_profile_data。

  6. 视频六:C# WPF Design UI - #4 (2/2)- Get Data From RIOT API,配套源码:get_profile_data。

最终源码:本文代码几乎和源码一致(第五和第六个视频配套Github源码 【get_profile_data】),站长未注册RIOT开发者Key,所以代码中采用模拟返回数据的方式,只展示了界面效果,并将部分英文改为中文,便于向大家展示此工程。

点击下载源码:get_profile_data

除非注明,文章均由 Dotnet9 整理发布,欢迎转载。
转载请注明本文地址:https://dotnet9.com/7026.html
欢迎扫描下方二维码关注 Dotnet9 的微信公众号,本站会及时推送最新技术文章


本文分享自微信公众号 - Dotnet9(dotnet9_com)。
如有侵权,请联系 support@oschina.cn 删除。
本文参与“OSC源创计划”,欢迎正在阅读的你也加入,一起分享。

展开阅读全文
打赏
0
0 收藏
分享
加载中
更多评论
打赏
0 评论
0 收藏
0
分享
在线直播报名
返回顶部
顶部