centos6源码安装mysql5.6.29

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2016/05/17 23:28
阅读数 283

1.下载源码
# wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.29.tar.gz

2.解压
# tar zxvf mysql-5.6.29.tar.gz

3.安装必要的包
# yum -y install  gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 autoconf automake zlib* fiex* libxml* ncurses-devel libmcrypt* libtool-ltdl-devel* make cmake

4.进入mysql源码目录,生成makefile
# cmake .
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data \
-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc \
-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_READLINE=1 \
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock \
-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci

5.编译
# make
6.安装
# make install
  清理
# make clean

mysql将会安装到/usr/local/mysql路径。
7.添加mysql用户和组
# groupadd mysql
# useradd -r -g mysql mysql

8.修改目录和文件权限,安装默认数据库
# cd /usr/local/mysql
# chown -R mysql .
# chgrp -R mysql .
# ./scripts/mysql_install_db –user=mysql
# chown -R root .
# chown -R mysql data
至此,mysql就可以启动运行了。

9.启动mysql
CentOS7自带MariaDB的支持,/etc下默认存在my.cnf文件干扰mysql运行,需要先删掉
cd /etc
rm -rf my.cnf my.cnf.d

然后再/etc下重建my.cnf文件,内容如下(或可以不创建,但已经要将/etc/my.cnf删除,默认使用:/usr/local/mysql/my.cnf)

# For advice on how to change settings please see
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/server-configuration-defaults.html

[mysqld]

# Remove leading # and set to the amount of RAM for the most important data
# cache in MySQL. Start at 70% of total RAM for dedicated server, else 10%.
# innodb_buffer_pool_size = 128M

# Remove leading # to turn on a very important data integrity option: logging
# changes to the binary log between backups.
# log_bin

# These are commonly set, remove the # and set as required.
# basedir = …..
# datadir = /data/mysql/data
# port = …..
# server_id = …..
# socket = …..

# Remove leading # to set options mainly useful for reporting servers.
# The server defaults are faster for transactions and fast SELECTs.
# Adjust sizes as needed, experiment to find the optimal values.
# join_buffer_size = 128M
# sort_buffer_size = 2M
# read_rnd_buffer_size = 2M

max_connection = 10000
sql_mode = NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES

#binary log
log-bin = mysql-bin
binlog_format = mixed
expire_logs_day = 30

#slow query log
slow_query_log = 1
slow_query_log_file = /var/log/mysql/slow.log
long_query_time = 3
log-queries-not-using-indexes
log-slow-admin-statements

现在可以启动mysql了

# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe –user=mysql &
 

CentOS7 不能使用service控制mysql服务,而源码安装的mysql也没有提供Systemd的控制脚本。

于是编辑/etc/rc.d/rc.local文件,添加mysql的开机启动命令。

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe –user=mysql &
然后给/etc/rc.d/rc.local添加可执行权限

sudo chmod a+x /etc/rc.d/rc.local
9.修改root密码(或可使用mysqladmin设置密码)

$/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root
use mysql;
UPDATE user SET password = PASSWORD(‘123456′) WHERE user = ‘root';

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO root@’%’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘123456′;

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
使用mysqladmin设置密码:(使用mysqladmin可以进入到bin目录或者设置PATH)

$mysqladmin -u root password 123456
至此,安装基本完成了,一个mysql就能用了。

设置之前,我们需要先设置PATH,要不不能直接调用mysql

修改/etc/profile文件,在文件末尾添加

$vim /etc/profile

PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH
export PATH
关闭文件,运行下面的命令,让配置立即生效

$source /etc/profile
连接本机MySQL

$mysql –u root –p
提示输入password,默认为空,按Enter即

 

设置选项文件,将配置文件拷贝到/etc下

$cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/mysql.cnf
设置开机自启动

$cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
$chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysql
$ chkconfig mysql on
通过服务来启动和关闭Mysql

$service mysql start
$ service mysql stop

mysqladmin -u root password '123456'

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '123456' WITH GRANT OPTION;

flush privileges;

参考:

http://my.oschina.net/looly/blog/297980

http://blog.163.com/liyinhui20080527@126/blog/static/815232582013885310900/ 

http://ouyangjun.blog.51cto.com/10284323/1734685

https://www.itlipeng.cn/?p=781 

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