apache-shiro 学习笔记
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apache-shiro 学习笔记
dmrs 发表于2年前
apache-shiro 学习笔记
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(一) 看到SpringSide4居然也用shiro作为安全框架,不是用的spring-security。着实有点惊讶。
apache-shiro的强大可见一斑。

(二) apache-shiro依赖的包
<dependency>
	<groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
	<artifactId>shiro-core</artifactId>
	<version>1.2.1</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
	<groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
	<artifactId>shiro-web</artifactId>
	<version>1.2.1</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
	<groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
	<artifactId>shiro-ehcache</artifactId>
	<version>1.2.1</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
	<groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
	<artifactId>shiro-spring</artifactId>
	<version>1.2.1</version>
</dependency>

除此之外还有一些东西也不可少spring, spring-mvc, ibatis等
  • spring.3.1.2
  • spring-mvc.3.1.2
  • ibatis.2.3.4
  • cglib.2.2


(三) demo采取比较典型的“User-Role-Permission”模型
-- -----------------------------------------------------
-- Table `shiro`.`TBL_PERMISSION`
-- -----------------------------------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `shiro`.`TBL_PERMISSION` ;

CREATE  TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `shiro`.`TBL_PERMISSION` (
  `PERMISSION_ID` INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT ,
  `PERMISSION_NAME` VARCHAR(45) NULL ,
  PRIMARY KEY (`PERMISSION_ID`) ,
  UNIQUE INDEX `PERMISSION_NAME_UNIQUE` (`PERMISSION_NAME` ASC) )
ENGINE = InnoDB;

-- -----------------------------------------------------
-- Table `shiro`.`TBL_ROLE`
-- -----------------------------------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `shiro`.`TBL_ROLE` ;

CREATE  TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `shiro`.`TBL_ROLE` (
  `ROLE_ID` INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT ,
  `ROLE_NAME` VARCHAR(45) NULL ,
  PRIMARY KEY (`ROLE_ID`) ,
  UNIQUE INDEX `ROLE_NAME_UNIQUE` (`ROLE_NAME` ASC) )
ENGINE = InnoDB;

-- -----------------------------------------------------
-- Table `shiro`.`TBL_USER`
-- -----------------------------------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `shiro`.`TBL_USER` ;

CREATE  TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `shiro`.`TBL_USER` (
  `USER_ID` INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT ,
  `USER_USERNAME` VARCHAR(45) NOT NULL ,
  `USER_PASSWORD` CHAR(32) NOT NULL ,
  PRIMARY KEY (`USER_ID`) ,
  UNIQUE INDEX `USER_USERNAME_UNIQUE` (`USER_USERNAME` ASC) )
ENGINE = InnoDB;

-- -----------------------------------------------------
-- Table `shiro`.`TBL_PERMISSION_ROLE`
-- -----------------------------------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `shiro`.`TBL_PERMISSION_ROLE` ;

CREATE  TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `shiro`.`TBL_PERMISSION_ROLE` (
  `ROLE_ID` INT NOT NULL ,
  `PERMISSION_ID` INT NOT NULL ,
  PRIMARY KEY (`ROLE_ID`, `PERMISSION_ID`) )
ENGINE = InnoDB;

-- -----------------------------------------------------
-- Table `shiro`.`TBL_ROLE_USER`
-- -----------------------------------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `shiro`.`TBL_ROLE_USER` ;

CREATE  TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `shiro`.`TBL_ROLE_USER` (
  `ROLE_ID` INT NOT NULL ,
  `USER_ID` INT NOT NULL ,
  PRIMARY KEY (`ROLE_ID`, `USER_ID`) )
ENGINE = InnoDB;


自己实现一个UserDao, ibatis实现。
这个不是本文要记述的重点,简单贴一下代码。
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE sqlMap PUBLIC "-//ibatis.apache.org//DTD SQL Map 2.0//EN" "http://ibatis.apache.org/dtd/sql-map-2.dtd">
<sqlMap namespace="user">

	<typeAlias alias="User" type="com.ztgame.sd.domain.User"/>

	<resultMap class="User" id="result-map-01" groupBy="id">
		<result property="id" column="USER_ID" />
		<result property="username" column="USER_USERNAME" />
		<result property="password" column="USER_PASSWORD" />
		<result property="roleSet" resultMap="role.result-map-01" />
	</resultMap>
	
	<!-- +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ -->

	<sql id="select-base-01">
		SELECT 
			u.USER_ID,
			u.USER_USERNAME,
			u.USER_PASSWORD,
			r.ROLE_ID,
			r.ROLE_NAME,
			p.PERMISSION_ID,
			p.PERMISSION_NAME
		FROM
		  tbl_user as u,
		  tbl_role as r,
		  tbl_permission as p,
		  tbl_permission_role as pr,
		  tbl_role_user as ru
		WHERE
		  u.USER_ID = ru.USER_ID
		AND
		  r.ROLE_ID = ru.ROLE_ID
		AND
		  p.PERMISSION_ID = pr.PERMISSION_ID
		AND
		  r.ROLE_ID = pr.ROLE_ID
	</sql>
	
	<!-- +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ -->
	
	<select id="select-01" parameterClass="string" resultMap="result-map-01">
		<include refid="select-base-01" />
		AND
			u.USER_USERNAME = #username#
	</select>

</sqlMap>

public interface UserDao {

	User findUserByUsername(String username);

}

@Repository("userDao")
public class UserDaoImpl implements UserDao {

	@Resource
	private SqlMapClientTemplate sqlMapClientTemplate;
	
	@Override
	public User findUserByUsername(String username) {
		Validate.notEmpty(username, "用户名不可为null或empty string");
		return (User) sqlMapClientTemplate.queryForObject("user.select-01", username);
	}

}


(三) 用户和权限数据源是自己设计的,应该实现自己的Realm对象。
package com.ztgame.sd.security.realm;

import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Set;

import org.apache.shiro.authc.AuthenticationException;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.AuthenticationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.AuthenticationToken;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.SimpleAuthenticationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.UsernamePasswordToken;
import org.apache.shiro.authz.AuthorizationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.authz.SimpleAuthorizationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.realm.AuthorizingRealm;
import org.apache.shiro.realm.Realm;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.PrincipalCollection;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean;
import org.springframework.util.Assert;

import com.ztgame.sd.dao.UserDao;
import com.ztgame.sd.domain.Permission;
import com.ztgame.sd.domain.Role;
import com.ztgame.sd.domain.User;

public class JdbcRealm extends AuthorizingRealm 
	implements
			Realm, 
			InitializingBean
{

	private UserDao userDao;

	// ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	@Override
	public void afterPropertiesSet() throws Exception {
		Assert.notNull(userDao);
	}

	// ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	@Override
	public String getName() {
		return getClass().getName();
	}

	@Override
	protected AuthorizationInfo doGetAuthorizationInfo(PrincipalCollection principals) {
		
		String username = (String) super.getAvailablePrincipal(principals);
		User user = userDao.findUserByUsername(username);
		
		SimpleAuthorizationInfo info = new SimpleAuthorizationInfo();
		Set<String> roles = new HashSet<String>();
		Set<String> permissions = new HashSet<String>();

		for (Role role : user.getRoleSet()) {
			roles.add(role.getName());
			for (Permission per : role.getPermissionSet()) {
				permissions.add(per.getName());
			}
		}

		info.addRoles(roles);
		info.addStringPermissions(permissions);

		return info;
	}

	@Override
	protected AuthenticationInfo doGetAuthenticationInfo(
			AuthenticationToken token) throws AuthenticationException {

		SimpleAuthenticationInfo info = null;

		UsernamePasswordToken upt = (UsernamePasswordToken) token;
		String username = upt.getUsername();
		User user = userDao.findUserByUsername(username);
		
		if (user == null) {
			throw new AuthenticationException();
		}

		info = new SimpleAuthenticationInfo(user.getUsername(), user.getPassword(), getName());

		return info;
	}

	// ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	public void setUserDao(UserDao userDao) {
		this.userDao = userDao;
	}

}


(四) apache-shiro的配置
web.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="2.4" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">
	
	<!-- apache-shiro 核心拦截器 -->
	<filter>
		<filter-name>shiroFilter</filter-name>
		<filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy</filter-class>
	</filter>
	<filter-mapping>
		<filter-name>shiroFilter</filter-name>
		<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
	</filter-mapping>

	<!-- 其他无关apache-shiro -->

</web-app>


spring-shiro.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:c="http://www.springframework.org/schema/c" xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"
	xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xsi:schemaLocation="
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-3.1.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.1.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.1.xsd">
		
	<bean id="lifecycleBeanPostProcessor" class="org.apache.shiro.spring.LifecycleBeanPostProcessor"/>

	<bean id="shiroFilter" class="org.apache.shiro.spring.web.ShiroFilterFactoryBean">
		<property name="securityManager" ref="securityManager" />
		<property name="loginUrl" value="/login" />
		<property name="successUrl" value="/login/loginSuccessFull" />
		<property name="unauthorizedUrl" value="/login/unauthorized" />
		<!--
		<property name="filterChainDefinitions">
			<value>
				/ = anon
			</value>
		</property>
		-->
	</bean>

	<bean id="securityManager" class="org.apache.shiro.web.mgt.DefaultWebSecurityManager">
		<property name="authenticator" ref="authenticator" />
		<property name="sessionManager" ref="sessionManager" />
		<property name="cacheManager" ref="cacheManager" />
		<property name="realms">
			<list>
				<bean class="com.ztgame.sd.security.realm.JdbcRealm">
					<property name="userDao" ref="userDao" />
					<property name="credentialsMatcher" ref="hashedCredentialsMatcher" />
				</bean>
			</list>
		</property>
	</bean>

	<bean id="authenticator" class="org.apache.shiro.authc.pam.ModularRealmAuthenticator" />	

	<bean id="sessionManager" class="org.apache.shiro.web.session.mgt.DefaultWebSessionManager">
		<property name="sessionDAO" ref="sessionDAO" />
	</bean>

	<bean id="cacheManager" class="org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManager" />

	<bean id="sessionDAO" class="org.apache.shiro.session.mgt.eis.MemorySessionDAO" />

	<bean id="hashedCredentialsMatcher" class="org.apache.shiro.authc.credential.HashedCredentialsMatcher">
		<property name="hashAlgorithmName" value="MD5" />
		<property name="storedCredentialsHexEncoded" value="true" />
		<property name="hashIterations" value="1" />
	</bean>
</beans>


spring-mvc.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:c="http://www.springframework.org/schema/c" xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"
	xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
	xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xsi:schemaLocation="
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-3.1.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.1.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.1.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.1.xsd">

	<!-- 其他spring-mvc框架配置 -->

	<!-- 
		以下两个bean的配置是为了在Controller层使用元注释控制权限
		如果使用spring-mvc一定要不要放在webroot的配置文件中
	 -->
	<bean class="org.springframework.aop.framework.autoproxy.DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator" depends-on="lifecycleBeanPostProcessor" />

	<bean class="org.apache.shiro.spring.security.interceptor.AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor">
		<property name="securityManager" ref="securityManager" />
	</bean>

</beans>


(五) jsp-taglib 支持
  • <shiro:authenticated> 登录之后
  • <shiro:notAuthenticated> 不在登录状态时
  • <shiro:guest> 用户在没有RememberMe时
  • <shiro:user> 用户在RememberMe时
  • <shiro:hasAnyRoles name="abc,123" > 在有abc或者123角色时
  • <shiro:hasRole name="abc"> 拥有角色abc
  • <shiro:lacksRole name="abc"> 没有角色abc
  • <shiro:hasPermission name="abc"> 拥有权限abc
  • <shiro:lacksPermission name="abc"> 没有权限abc
  • <shiro:principal> 显示用户登录名

[官方文档] http://shiro.apache.org/web.html#Web-taglibrary

(六) 默认过滤器(10个)
  • anon -- org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authc.AnonymousFilter
  • authc -- org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authc.FormAuthenticationFilter
  • authcBasic -- org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authc.BasicHttpAuthenticationFilter
  • perms -- org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authz.PermissionsAuthorizationFilter
  • port -- org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authz.PortFilter
  • rest -- org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authz.HttpMethodPermissionFilter
  • roles -- org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authz.RolesAuthorizationFilter
  • ssl -- org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authz.SslFilter
  • user -- org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authc.UserFilter
  • logout -- org.apache.shiro.web.filter.authc.LogoutFilter


anon:例子/admins/**=anon 没有参数,表示可以匿名使用。
authc:例如/admins/user/**=authc表示需要认证(登录)才能使用,没有参数
roles:例子/admins/user/**=roles[admin],参数可以写多个,多个时必须加上引号,并且参数之间用逗号分割,当有多个参数时,例如admins/user/**=roles["admin,guest"],每个参数通过才算通过,相当于hasAllRoles()方法。
perms:例子/admins/user/**=perms[user:add:*],参数可以写多个,多个时必须加上引号,并且参数之间用逗号分割,例如/admins/user/**=perms["user:add:*,user:modify:*"],当有多个参数时必须每个参数都通过才通过,想当于isPermitedAll()方法。
rest:例子/admins/user/**=rest[user],根据请求的方法,相当于/admins/user/**=perms[user:method] ,其中method为post,get,delete等。
port:例子/admins/user/**=port[8081],当请求的url的端口不是8081是跳转到schemal://serverName:8081?queryString,其中schmal是协议http或https等,serverName是你访问的host,8081是url配置里port的端口,queryString是你访问的url里的?后面的参数。
authcBasic:例如/admins/user/**=authcBasic没有参数表示httpBasic认证
ssl:例子/admins/user/**=ssl没有参数,表示安全的url请求,协议为https
user:例如/admins/user/**=user没有参数表示必须存在用户,当登入操作时不做检查
[官方文档] http://shiro.apache.org/web.html#Web-FilterChainDefinitions

(七) 常用元注释
  • @RequiresAuthentication 验证用户是否登录,等同于方法subject.isAuthenticated() 结果为true时
  • @RequiresUser 验证用户是否被记忆,user有两种含义:一种是成功登录的(subject.isAuthenticated()结果为true)另外一种是被记忆的(subject.isRemembered()结果为true)
  • @RequiresGuest 验证是否为匿名请求
  • @RequiresRoles 必须要有角色
  • @RequiresPermissions 必须要有权限

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