CentOS-6 安装nginx 并设置开机启动

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2019/09/30 10:09
阅读数 108

1.安装必须环境

依次安装一下依赖

yum install gcc-c++

yum -y install pcre*

yum -y install openssl*

2.下载nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz,可放在 /usr/local/ 目录下   ps:版本由自己决定,我这里使用的是老版本,可以自己去官网下载新版本

cd /usr/local/

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz

tar -zxvf nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz

3 .编译安装nginx(此处./configure参数可自己定义,为了以后的方便我们开启了一些模块)

cd nginx-1.10.1

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module

make

make all

4.测试nginx是否正常运行,启动nginx,并查看进程

cd /usr/local/nginx/sbin

./nginx

ps -ef | grep nginx

5.上一步nginx成功启动后,我们可将nginx配置为service以方便管理,并让它开机自启动

在/etc/init.d/目录下创建 nginx 文件,内容如下:(以下文件内容是重点,可复用于其他软件开机启动配置)

` #!/bin/sh

# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemin

# chkconfig: - 85 15

# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse

# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server

# processname: nginx

# config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

# pidfile: /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid

# Source function library.

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.

. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.

[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"

prog=$(basename $nginx)

NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx

start() {

[ -x $nginx ] || exit 5

[ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6

echo -n $"Starting $prog: "

daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE

retval=$?

echo

[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile

return $retval

}

stop() {

echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "

killproc $prog -QUIT

retval=$?

echo

[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile

return $retval

}

restart() {

configtest || return $?

stop

start

}

reload() {

configtest || return $?

echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "

killproc $nginx -HUP

RETVAL=$?

echo

}

force_reload() {

restart

}

configtest() {

$nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE

}

rh_status() {

status $prog

}

rh_status_q() {

rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1

}

case "$1" in

start)

rh_status_q && exit 0

$1

;;

stop)

rh_status_q || exit 0

$1

;;

restart|configtest)

$1

;;

reload)

rh_status_q || exit 7

$1

;;

force-reload)

force_reload

;;

status)

rh_status

;;

condrestart|try-restart)

rh_status_q || exit 0

;;

*)

echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"

exit 2

esac`

** 设置/etc/init.d/nginx 执行权限**

chmod 777 /etc/init.d/nginx

** 设置开机默认启动**

chkconfig --add nginx //添加系统服务

chkconfig --level 345 nginx on //设置开机启动,启动级别

chkconfig --list nginx //查看开机启动配置信息

** nginx控制命令**

service nginx start   #开启

service nginx stop    #停止

service nginx restart #重启

service nginx reload  #重新加载

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