CAS配置(一)-集成RESTFul
CAS配置(一)-集成RESTFul
abcijkxyz 发表于2年前
CAS配置(一)-集成RESTFul
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CAS单点登录服务器很多时候都是被B/S的应用使用,那么对已有些系统是CS的那么怎么去调用呢,这个时候就需要使用webservice来给CS的系统调用了,我们先来说说先决条件吧:

1)集成需要的jar包,这个是必不可少的

com.noelios.restlet.ext.servlet-1.1.1.jar

com.noelios.restlet.ext.spring-1.1.1.jar

com.noelios.restlet-1.1.1.jar

org.restlet.ext.spring-1.1.1.jar

org.restlet-1.1.1.jar

cglib-2.2.jar

cas-server-integration-restlet-3.4.7.jar

2)配置,在web.xml中增加一个servlet配置

<servlet>

<servlet-name>restlet</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>com.noelios.restlet.ext.spring.RestletFrameworkServlet</servlet-class>
<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
 
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>restlet</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/v1/*</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>

那么我们的CS客户端怎么去处理呢,以及怎么去拿到用户数据呢?需要有三次交互才能取得用户数据

1)CS客户端提供用户名和密码,请求http://localhost:8080/TFP-S/v1/tickets,如果用户合法则得到TGT数据。

2)根据TGT和service取得ST票据,请求的路径是:http://localhost:8080/TFP-S/v1/tickets/TGT_编号

3)验证ST票据,得到用户信息的XML格式信息。

样例代码如下:

 

public class Client {

	public static String getTicket(final String server, final String username, final String password,
			final String service) {
		notNull(server, "server must not be null");
		notNull(username, "username must not be null");
		notNull(password, "password must not be null");
		notNull(service, "service must not be null");

		return getServiceTicket(server, getTicketGrantingTicket(server, username, password), service);
	}

	/**
	 * 取得ST
	 * @param server
	 * @param ticketGrantingTicket
	 * @param service
	 */
	private static String getServiceTicket(final String server, final String ticketGrantingTicket, final String service) {
		if (ticketGrantingTicket == null)
			return null;

		final HttpClient client = new HttpClient();

		final PostMethod post = new PostMethod(server + "/" + ticketGrantingTicket);

		post.setRequestBody(new NameValuePair[] { new NameValuePair("service", service) });

		try {
			client.executeMethod(post);

			final String response = post.getResponseBodyAsString();

			switch (post.getStatusCode()) {
			case 200:
				return response;

			default:
				warning("Invalid response code (" + post.getStatusCode() + ") from CAS server!");
				info("Response (1k): " + response.substring(0, Math.min(1024, response.length())));
				break;
			}
		}

		catch (final IOException e) {
			warning(e.getMessage());
		}

		finally {
			post.releaseConnection();
		}

		return null;
	}

	/**
	 * @param server
	 * @param username
	 * @param password
	 */
	private static String getTicketGrantingTicket(final String server, final String username, final String password) {
		final HttpClient client = new HttpClient();

		final PostMethod post = new PostMethod(server);

		post.setRequestBody(new NameValuePair[] { new NameValuePair("username", username),
				new NameValuePair("password", password) });

		try {
			client.executeMethod(post);

			final String response = post.getResponseBodyAsString();
			info("TGT="+response);
			switch (post.getStatusCode()) {
			case 201: {
				final Matcher matcher = Pattern.compile(".*action=\".*/(.*?)\".*").matcher(response);

				if (matcher.matches())
					return matcher.group(1);

				warning("Successful ticket granting request, but no ticket found!");
				info("Response (1k): " + response.substring(0, Math.min(1024, response.length())));
				break;
			}

			default:
				warning("Invalid response code (" + post.getStatusCode() + ") from CAS server!");
				info("Response (1k): " + response.substring(0, Math.min(1024, response.length())));
				break;
			}
		}

		catch (final IOException e) {
			warning(e.getMessage());
		}

		finally {
			post.releaseConnection();
		}

		return null;
	}

	private static void ticketValidate(String serverValidate, String serviceTicket, String service) {
		notNull(serviceTicket, "paramter 'serviceTicket' is not null");
		notNull(service, "paramter 'service' is not null");

		final HttpClient client = new HttpClient();
		GetMethod post = null;

		try {
			post = new GetMethod(serverValidate+"?"+"ticket="+serviceTicket+"&service="+URLEncoder.encode(service, "UTF-8"));
			client.executeMethod(post);

			final String response = post.getResponseBodyAsString();
			info(response);
			switch (post.getStatusCode()) {
			case 200: {
				info("成功取得用户数据");
			}
			default: {

			}
			}

		} catch (Exception e) {
			warning(e.getMessage());
		} finally {
			//释放资源
			post.releaseConnection();
		}

	}

	private static void notNull(final Object object, final String message) {
		if (object == null)
			throw new IllegalArgumentException(message);
	}

	public static void main(final String[] args) throws Exception {
		final String server = "http://localhost:8080/TFP-S/v1/tickets";
		final String username = "username";
		final String password = "username";
		final String service = "http://localhost:8080/service";
		final String proxyValidate = "http://localhost:8080/TFP-S/proxyValidate";

		
		ticketValidate(proxyValidate, getTicket(server, username, password, service), service);
		
	}

	private static void warning(String msg) {
		System.out.println(msg);
	}

	private static void info(String msg) {
		System.out.println(msg);
	}

}

如果对返回来的用户信息是什么格式不清楚,那么下面是一个xml格式。

 

<cas:serviceResponse >
	<cas:authenticationSuccess>
		<cas:user>xuf</cas:user>
		<cas:attributes>
			<cas:securityLevel>2</cas:securityLevel>
			<cas:userType>个人用户</cas:userType>
			<cas:age>32</cas:age>
		</cas:attributes>  
	</cas:authenticationSuccess>
</cas:serviceResponse>

这个格式怎么修改?在透露一点吧,就是在CAS服务器那边是不是有casServiceValidationFailure.jsp文件,对了,就是它决定返回的xml格式的。如果使用Filter,其实也是传递回来这个xml,只是验证票据的过滤器,将这个xml转换成Assertion对象了。明白了吧。
 

 

 

 

 

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