linux ext3 ext4文件系统下 恢复 rm -rf 误删除文件

2010/10/08 11:03
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今天一时手快 rm -rf .* ,删除了一个重要邮件目录,幸好通过extundelete恢复了。
记下操作流程:
1.准备工作
主要通过
extundelete 0.2.0完成恢复
需要依赖两个包

sudo aptitude install e2fsprogs e2fslibs-dev

下载页面http://extundelete.sourceforge.net/

快速下载: download extundelete

编译三部曲

./configure
make
sudo make install

2.如果分区已经挂载,先umount,并且在将要恢复的地方查看空间大小

df -h ./

如果你要恢复的是根目录或者系统目录就只有拿硬盘挂到另外一台电脑上操作了。

3.恢复制定分区下所有删除文件,默认恢复到执行命令的目录下,文件夹名字为RECOVERED_FILES,使用详情请参考:extundelete --help 运行的结果

sudo extundelete /dev/sda8 ?restore-all

---------------------------------------------

$ extundelete --help

Usage: extundelete [options] [--] device-file

Options:

  --version, -[vV]       Print version and exit successfully.

  --help,                Print this help and exit successfully.

  --superblock           Print contents of superblock in addition to the rest.

                         If no action is specified then this option is implied.

  --journal              Show content of journal.

  --after dtime          Only process entries deleted on or after 'dtime'.

  --before dtime         Only process entries deleted before 'dtime'.

Actions:

  --inode ino            Show info on inode 'ino'.

  --block blk            Show info on block 'blk'.

  --restore-inode ino[,ino,...]

                         Restore the file(s) with known inode number 'ino'.

                         The restored files are created in ./RESTORED_FILES

                         with their inode number as extension (ie, file.12345).

  --restore-file 'path'  Will restore file 'path'. 'path' is relative to root

                         of the partition and does not start with a '/' (it

                         must be one of the paths returned by --dump-names).

                         The restored file is created in the current

                         directory as 'RECOVERED_FILES/path'.

  --restore-files 'path' Will restore files which are listed in the file 'path'.

                         Each filename should be in the same format as an option

                         to --restore-file, and there should be one per line.

  --restore-all          Attempts to restore everything.

  -j journal             Reads an external journal from the named file.

  -b blocknumber         Uses the backup superblock at blocknumber when opening

                         the file system.

  -B blocksize           Uses blocksize as the block size when opening the file

                         system.  The number should be the number of bytes.

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根目录弄成只读以后就可以恢复了。
2013/09/05 10:56
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哈哈哈哈 果然好用。恢复的文件在:当前目录的 RECOVERED_FILES 文件夹下面。
这个帮到我了。
2013/05/28 15:21
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