Eclipse中创建gradle项目

原创
2016/03/21 15:10
阅读数 6K

1.环境

eclipse:Mars.2 Release (4.5.2)
jdk:1.7

2.安装gradle插件

Help->Install new software,输入http://dist.springsource.com/release/TOOLS/gradle 或者
Help->Eclipse Marketplace,输入 gradle
低版本(3.7)的eclipse安卓gradle插件总是报错

An error occurred while collecting items to be installed
session context was:(profile=epp.package.jee, phase=org.eclipse.equinox.internal.p2.engine.phases.Collect, operand=, action=).
Problems downloading artifact: osgi.bundle,org.springsource.ide.eclipse.gradle.core,3.6.3.201411271013-RELEASE.
Error reading signed content:C:\Users\dell\AppData\Local\Temp\signatureFile1990886222537489997.jar
可以查看windows->Preferences 添加了Gradle(STS)目录

3.创建project
创建项目T1,在根目录下添加build.gradle文件
build.gradle:

apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'eclipse'
archivesBaseName = 'GradleTest'
version = '1.0-SNAPSHOT' 
repositories {
    mavenCentral()
}
jar {
	manifest {
		attributes 'Main-Class': 'com.test.Test'
	}
}
dependencies {
   compile  'org.apache.commons:commons-lang3:3.0'
   compile  'log4j:log4j:1.2.16'

}
如下图:

接下来在T1上面右击->Configure->Convert to Gradle(STS)Project,转化之后如下图:

T1上面多了一个G,并且依赖的jar也帮我们引入了项目中

4.打包
方式一:

T1右击->Run As->Gradle(STS) Build...  输入:clean build

Run之后:

[sts] -----------------------------------------------------
[sts] Starting Gradle build for the following tasks: 
[sts]      clean
[sts]      build
[sts] -----------------------------------------------------
:clean UP-TO-DATE
:compileJava
:processResources UP-TO-DATE
:classes
:jar
:assemble
:compileTestJava UP-TO-DATE
:processTestResources UP-TO-DATE
:testClasses UP-TO-DATE
:test UP-TO-DATE
:check UP-TO-DATE
:build

BUILD SUCCESSFUL

Total time: 0.155 secs
[sts] -----------------------------------------------------
[sts] Build finished succesfully!
[sts] Time taken: 0 min, 0 sec
[sts] -----------------------------------------------------
打包成功,T1目录下面多了一个build文件夹,libs/GradleTest-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar

方式二:

当然也可以不在eclipse里面进行打包,官网下载gradle:http://gradle.org/gradle-download/

当前下载的版本是gradle-2.4-bin.zip,然后设置环境变量:
GRADLE_HOME=D:\gradle-2.4
Path+=%GRADLE_HOME%/bin

下面就可以在命令行中使用:gradle clean build

个人感觉Gradle和maven思想上都差不多,而且很多方面直接继承了maven,可能就是在配置上更加简练一点,以后有机会可以再深入了解一下。

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