linux下LAMP环境搭建
linux下LAMP环境搭建
布拉格_Only 发表于2年前
linux下LAMP环境搭建
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linux下LAMP环境搭建
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操作系统    : [CentOS6.0]
服务器     : [httpd-2.2.9]
PHP         : [php-5.2.6]
数据库     : [mysql-5.1.59]
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
准备安装软件(download)
 1> [httpd-2.2.9]
       http://sunsite.bilkent.edu.tr/pub/apache/httpd/httpd-2.2.9.tar.gz
 2> [php-5.2.6]
       http://museum.php.net/php5/php-5.2.6.tar.gz
 3> [mysql-5.1.59]
       http://downloads.mysql.com/archives/mysql-5.1/mysql-5.1.59.tar.gz
 4> [libxml2-2.6.30]
       http://download.chinaunix.net/down.php?id=28491&ResourceID=6095&site=1
 5> [libmcrypt-2.5.8]
       http://sourceforge.net/projects/mcrypt/files/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz/download
 6> [zlib-1.2.3]
       http://sourceforge.net/projects/libpng/files/zlib/1.2.3/zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz/download
 7.>[libpng-1.2.31]
       http://files.directadmin.com/services/custombuild/libpng-1.2.31.tar.gz
 8.>[jpegsrc.v6b]
       http://download.chinaunix.net/down.php?id=10021&ResourceID=5095&site=1
 9.>[freetype-2.3.5]
       http://nongnu.askapache.com/freetype/freetype-2.3.5.tar.gz
10.>[autoconf-2.61]
       http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/autoconf/autoconf-2.61.tar.gz
11.>[gd-2.0.35]
        http://code.google.com/p/google-desktop-for-linux-mirror/downloads/detail?name=gd-2.0.35.tar.gz&can=2&q=
12.>[ncurses-5.6]
        http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/ncurses/ncurses-5.6.tar.gz
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1>【卸载系统自带的apache】
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#查看apache是否己安装  
rpm -qa httpd  
#卸载  
rpm -e httpd --nodeps  
2>【安装gcc, gcc-c++】
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yum install gcc  
yum install gcc-c++  
3>【开放80、3306、22端口】
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#关闭防火墙  
service iptables stop  
vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables  
#添加  
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT  
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT  
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT  
#重启防火墙  
service iptables restart  
4>【建立lamp/src目录, 将源码包上传】
5>【安装libxml2】
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tar -zxvf libxml2-2.6.30.tar.gz  
cd libxml2-2.6.30  
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libxml2/  
make   
make install  
6>【安装libmcrypt】
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tar -zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz  
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8  
./configure --enable-ltdl-install  
make  
make install  
7>【安装zlib】
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tar -zxvf zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz  
cd zlib-1.2.3  
./configure  
make  
make install  
8>【安装libpng】
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tar -zxvf libpng-1.2.31.tar.gz  
cd libpng-1.2.31  
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libpng/  
make  
make install  
9>【安装jpegsrc.v6b】
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mkdir /usr/local/jpeg6  
mkdir /usr/local/jpeg6/bin  
mkdir /usr/local/jpeg6/lib  
mkdir /usr/local/jpeg6/include  
mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg6/man/man1  
 
tar -zxvf jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz  
cd jpeg-6b  
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/jpeg6/ --enable-shared --enable-static  
make  
make install  
10>【安装freetype】
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tar -zxvf freetype-2.3.5.tar.gz  
cd freetype-2.3.5  
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype/  
make  
make install  
11>【安装autoconf】
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tar -zxvf autoconf-2.61.tar.gz  
cd autoconf-2.61  
./configure  
make  
make install  
12>【安装gd】
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tar -zxvf gd-2.0.35.tar.gz  
cd gd-2.0.35  
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/gd2/ --with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg6/ --with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype/  
make  
make install  
13>【安装apache】

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tar -zxvf httpd-2.2.9.tar.gz  
cd httpd-2.2.9  
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2/ --sysconfdir=/etc/httpd/ --with-included-apr --disable-userdir --enable-so --enable-deflate=shared --enable-expires=shared --enable-rewrite=shared --enable-static-support  
make  
make install  
#启动apache  
/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start  
#如果出现下面的错误,  
#httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using ::1 for ServerName  
#修改配置文件  
vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf  
#查找ServerName,将注释去掉  
ServerName www.example.com:80  
#添加到自启动  
echo "/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start" >> /etc/rc.d/rc.sysinit  
#将apache添加到系统服务中  
cp /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/httpd  
vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd  
#在#!/bin/sh后添加下面两行(包含"#")  
# chkconfig:2345 85 15  
# description:Apache  
#添加执行权限  
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/httpd  
#添加到系统服务中  
chkconfig --add httpd  
#开启apache  
service httpd start  
14>【安装ncurses】
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tar -zxvf ncurses-5.6.tar.gz  
cd ncurses-5.6  
./configure --with-shared --without-debug --without-ada --enable-overwrite  
make  
make install  
15>【安装mysql】
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groupadd mysql  
useradd -g mysql mysql  
tar -zxvf mysql-5.1.59.tar.gz  
cd mysql-5.1.59  
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql/ --with-extra-charsets=all  
make  
make install  

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cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf  
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql  
chown -R root /usr/local/mysql  
chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/var  
chgrp -R mysql /usr/local/mysql  
 
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe  --user=mysql &  
cp /lamp/src/mysql-5.1.59/support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld  
chown root.root /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld  
chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld  
chkconfig --add mysqld  
chkconfig --list mysqld  
chkconfig --levels 245 mysqld off  

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#配置mysql  
cd /usr/local/mysql  
bin/mysqladmin version //简单的测试  
bin/mysqladmin Variables //查看所有mysql参数  
bin/mysql -uroot //没有密码可以直接登录本机服务器  
DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE Host='localhost' AND User='';  
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;  
#设置root密码为123456  
SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('123456');  
#配置可远程连接mysql  
use mysql  
SELECT user,password,host FROM user;  
DELETE FROM user WHERE host='localhsot.localdomain'  
DELETE FROM user WHERE host='127.0.0.1';  
UPDATE user SET host='%' WHERE user='root';  
#重启mysql  
service mysqld restart  
16>【安装php】
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tar -zxvf php-5.2.6.tar.gz  
cd php-5.2.6  
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php/ --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc/ --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/ --with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml2/ --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg6/ --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype/ --with-gd=/usr/local/gd2/ --with-mcrypt=/usr/local/libmcrypt/ --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --enable-soap --enable-mbstring=all --enable-sockets  
make  
make install  
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini  
17>【apache配置】
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#建立工作目录  
mkdir -p /var/www/html  
#修改httpd.conf  
vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf  
#功能: 设置工作目录  
#说明: 搜索DocumentRoot, 修改为  
DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"  
 
#功能: 设置目录选项  
#说明: 搜索<Directory "/usr/local/apache2//htdocs">, 修改为  
<Directory "/var/www/html">  
 
#功能: 设置默认文档  
#说明: 搜索<IfModule dir_module>, 修改为  
DirectoryIndex index.html index.php  
 
#功能: 增加php类型  
#说明: 搜索 AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz在后面添加  
AddType application/x-httpd-php .html .php  
 
功能: 不允许访问目录  
说明: 搜索Options Indexes FollowSymLinks项并注释  
#Options Indexes FollowSymLinks  
 
#注意: 修改配置文件后, 重启apache才能生效  
#重启apache  
service httpd restart  
18>【添加PDO_MYSQL扩展】
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cd /lamp/src/php-5.2.6/ext/pdo_mysql  
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize  
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql  
make  
make install  
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#执行完make install后会生成  
#Installing shared extensions: /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/  
#修改php.ini  
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini  
#查找extension_dir,修改为  
extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"  
#添加pdo_mysql  
extension = pdo_mysql.so  
#重启apache  
service httpd restart  
19>【apache虚拟主机配置】
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#建立dev目录  
mkdir -p /var/www/html/dev  
cd /var/www/html/dev  
vi index.php  
#添加  
<?php  
    phpinfo();  
?>  
#保存,退出  
#打开httpd.conf  
vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf  
#查找Include /etc/httpd//extra/httpd-vhosts.conf并取消注释  
Include /etc/httpd//extra/httpd-vhosts.conf  
#打开httpd-vhosts.conf  
vi /etc/httpd//extra/httpd-vhosts.conf  
#将下面几行注释  
#<VirtualHost *:80>  
#    ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host.example.com  
#    DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache2//docs/dummy-host.example.com"  
#    ServerName dummy-host.example.com  
#    ServerAlias www.dummy-host.example.com  
#    ErrorLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-error_log"  
#    CustomLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-access_log" common  
#</VirtualHost>  
 
 
#<VirtualHost *:80>  
#    ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host2.example.com  
#    DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache2//docs/dummy-host2.example.com"  
#    ServerName dummy-host2.example.com  
#    ErrorLog "logs/dummy-host2.example.com-error_log"  
#    CustomLog "logs/dummy-host2.example.com-access_log" common  
#</VirtualHost>  
#添加  
<VirtualHost *:80>  
        ServerName dev.dev  
        DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/dev"  
        <Directory "/var/www/html/dev/">  
                AllowOverride All  
        </Directory>  
</VirtualHost>  
#保存, 退出  
#重启apache  
service httpd restart  
#修改hosts文件  
vi /etc/hosts  
#添加  
127.0.0.1       dev.dev localhost  
#保存, 退出  
#在浏览器输入http://dev.dev访问,查看能否输出php信息  


原文地址:http://blog.csdn.net/ihelloworld/article/details/7003394
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